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Title: Two-tier tube-trailer pressure consolidation operation method for hydrogen refueling station cost reduction

An operation strategy known as two-tier “pressure consolidation” of delivered tube-trailers (or equivalent supply storage) has been developed to maximize the throughput at gaseous hydrogen refueling stations (HRSs) for fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). The high capital costs of HRSs and the consequent high investment risk are deterring growth of the infrastructure needed to promote the deployment of FCEVs. Stations supplied by gaseous hydrogen will be necessary for FCEV deployment in both the near and long term. Here, the two-tier pressure consolidation method enhances gaseous HRSs in the following ways: (1) reduces the capital cost compared with conventional stations, as well as those operating according to the original pressure consolidation approach described by Elgowainy et al. (2014) [1], (2) minimizes pressure cycling of HRS supply storage relative to the original pressure consolidation approach; and (3) increases use of the station’s supply storage (or delivered tube-trailers) while maintaining higher state-of-charge vehicle fills.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Energy Systems Division
  2. Dept. of Energy (DOE), Washington DC (United States). Fuel Cell Technologies Office (FCTO)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
Country of Publication:
United States
08 HYDROGEN; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; 2-tier; cost reduction; hydrogen refueling station; pressure consolidation; tube-trailer; two-tier
OSTI Identifier: