skip to main content


Title: Numerical Solution of Moving Phase Boundary and Diffusion-Induced Stress of Sn Anode in the Lithium-Ion Battery

Here, we have previously observed a large transient stress in Sn film anodes at the beginning of the Sn-Li 2Sn 5 phase transformation. To understand this behavior, we use numerical modeling to simulate the kinetics of the 1-D moving boundary and Li diffusion in the Sn anodes. A mixture of diffusion-controlled and interface-controlled kinetics is found. The Li concentration in the Li 2Sn 5 phase remains near a steady-state profile as the phase boundary propagates, whereas the Li diffusion in Sn is more complicated. Li continuously diffuses into the Sn layer and produces a supersaturation; the Li can then diffuse toward the Sn/Li 2Sn 5 interface and contribute to further phase transformation. Finally, the evolution of Li concentration in the Sn induces strain which involves rate-dependent plasticity and elastic unloading, resulting in the complex stress evolution that is observed. In the long term, the measured stress is dominated by the stress in the growing Li 2Sn 5 phase.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States). School of Engineering
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 164; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
The Electrochemical Society
Research Org:
Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; diffusion-induced stress; finite-difference method; Li-ion battery; Sn anode
OSTI Identifier: