skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Comparing simulated and observed EMIC wave amplitudes using in situ Van Allen Probes’ measurements

Abstract

In this study, we perform a statistical study calculating electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) wave amplitudes based off in situ plasma measurements taken by the Van Allen Probes’ (1.1–5.8 Re) Helium, Oxygen, Proton, Electron (HOPE) instrument. Calculated wave amplitudes are compared to EMIC waves observed by the Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science on board the Van Allen Probes during the same period. The survey covers a 22-month period (1 November 2012 to 31 August 2014), a full Van Allen Probe magnetic local time (MLT) precession. The linear theory proxy was used to identify EMIC wave events with plasma conditions favorable for EMIC wave excitation. Two hundred and thirty-two EMIC wave events (103 H+-band and 129 He+-band) were selected for this comparison. Nearly all events selected are observed beyond L = 4. Results show that calculated wave amplitudes exclusively using the in situ HOPE measurements produce amplitudes too low compared to the observed EMIC wave amplitudes. Hot proton anisotropy (Ahp) distributions are asymmetric in MLT within the inner (L < 7) magnetosphere with peak (minimum) Ahp, ~0.81 to 1.00 (~0.62), observed in the dawn (dusk), 0000 < MLT ≤ 1200 (1200 < MLT ≤ 2400), sectors. Measurements ofmore » Ahp are found to decrease in the presence of EMIC wave activity. Ahp amplification factors are determined and vary with respect to EMIC wave-band and MLT. Lastly, He+-band events generally require double (quadruple) the measured Ahp for the dawn (dusk) sector to reproduce the observed EMIC wave amplitudes.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); The New Mexico Consortium, Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
  5. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  6. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States) ; University of Potsdam (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA)
OSTI Identifier:
1422963
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-23552
Journal ID: ISSN 1364-6826
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 177; Journal ID: ISSN 1364-6826
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 58 GEOSCIENCES; EMIC waves; Van Allen Probes; Linear theory; Wave generation

Citation Formats

Saikin, A. A., Jordanova, Vania Koleva, Zhang, J. C., Smith, C. W., Spence, Harlan E., Larsen, Brian Arthur, Reeves, Geoffrey D., Torbert, R. B., Kletzing, C. A., Zhelavskaya, I. S., and Shprits, Y. Y. Comparing simulated and observed EMIC wave amplitudes using in situ Van Allen Probes’ measurements. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2018.01.024.
Saikin, A. A., Jordanova, Vania Koleva, Zhang, J. C., Smith, C. W., Spence, Harlan E., Larsen, Brian Arthur, Reeves, Geoffrey D., Torbert, R. B., Kletzing, C. A., Zhelavskaya, I. S., & Shprits, Y. Y. Comparing simulated and observed EMIC wave amplitudes using in situ Van Allen Probes’ measurements. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2018.01.024.
Saikin, A. A., Jordanova, Vania Koleva, Zhang, J. C., Smith, C. W., Spence, Harlan E., Larsen, Brian Arthur, Reeves, Geoffrey D., Torbert, R. B., Kletzing, C. A., Zhelavskaya, I. S., and Shprits, Y. Y. Fri . "Comparing simulated and observed EMIC wave amplitudes using in situ Van Allen Probes’ measurements". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2018.01.024. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1422963.
@article{osti_1422963,
title = {Comparing simulated and observed EMIC wave amplitudes using in situ Van Allen Probes’ measurements},
author = {Saikin, A. A. and Jordanova, Vania Koleva and Zhang, J. C. and Smith, C. W. and Spence, Harlan E. and Larsen, Brian Arthur and Reeves, Geoffrey D. and Torbert, R. B. and Kletzing, C. A. and Zhelavskaya, I. S. and Shprits, Y. Y.},
abstractNote = {In this study, we perform a statistical study calculating electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) wave amplitudes based off in situ plasma measurements taken by the Van Allen Probes’ (1.1–5.8 Re) Helium, Oxygen, Proton, Electron (HOPE) instrument. Calculated wave amplitudes are compared to EMIC waves observed by the Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science on board the Van Allen Probes during the same period. The survey covers a 22-month period (1 November 2012 to 31 August 2014), a full Van Allen Probe magnetic local time (MLT) precession. The linear theory proxy was used to identify EMIC wave events with plasma conditions favorable for EMIC wave excitation. Two hundred and thirty-two EMIC wave events (103 H+-band and 129 He+-band) were selected for this comparison. Nearly all events selected are observed beyond L = 4. Results show that calculated wave amplitudes exclusively using the in situ HOPE measurements produce amplitudes too low compared to the observed EMIC wave amplitudes. Hot proton anisotropy (Ahp) distributions are asymmetric in MLT within the inner (L < 7) magnetosphere with peak (minimum) Ahp, ~0.81 to 1.00 (~0.62), observed in the dawn (dusk), 0000 < MLT ≤ 1200 (1200 < MLT ≤ 2400), sectors. Measurements of Ahp are found to decrease in the presence of EMIC wave activity. Ahp amplification factors are determined and vary with respect to EMIC wave-band and MLT. Lastly, He+-band events generally require double (quadruple) the measured Ahp for the dawn (dusk) sector to reproduce the observed EMIC wave amplitudes.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jastp.2018.01.024},
journal = {Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics},
number = ,
volume = 177,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Sample EMIC wave event and linear theory analysis A He+-band EMIC wave event (a) observed between 1705 – 1715 UT on 25 May 2013 and its corresponding linear theory analysis. Wave power (in nT2/Hz) less than the 0.01 nT2/Hz threshold has been marked white. Greed dashed lines markmore » the start (1705 UT) and end (1715 UT) times of the sample EMIC wave event, with solid green lines mapping them to the linear theory parameters. Figures b-i showcase the hot proton anisotropy (Ahp), the parallel hot proton β (βllhp), the hot (≥ 1 keV) proton density (nhp), the electron density (ne), the ratio of nhp and ne, the theoretical EMIC instability (Sh), the observational growth parameter (??h), and ??h – Sh, respectively. The translucent green box marks the duration of the EMIC wave activity. A blue horizontal line has been over-plotted on panel h to mark ?? hSh = 0.« less

Save / Share:
Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.