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Title: Deep Gaze Velocity Analysis During Mammographic Reading for Biometric Identification of Radiologists

Several studies have confirmed that the gaze velocity of the human eye can be utilized as a behavioral biometric or personalized biomarker. In this study, we leverage the local feature representation capacity of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for eye gaze velocity analysis as the basis for biometric identification of radiologists performing breast cancer screening. Using gaze data collected from 10 radiologists reading 100 mammograms of various diagnoses, we compared the performance of a CNN-based classification algorithm with two deep learning classifiers, deep neural network and deep belief network, and a previously presented hidden Markov model classifier. The study showed that the CNN classifier is superior compared to alternative classification methods based on macro F1-scores derived from 10-fold cross-validation experiments. Our results further support the efficacy of eye gaze velocity as a biometric identifier of medical imaging experts.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Biomedical Sciences, Engineering, and Computing Group Health Data Sciences Institute
  2. University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine, Knoxville, TN (United States). Department of Radiology
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2327-2937
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; convolutional neural networks; deep learning; eye tracking; gaze velocity
OSTI Identifier:
1422583