skip to main content


This content will become publicly available on December 1, 2018

Title: Charge localization and ordering in A 2 Mn 8 O 16 hollandite group oxides: Impact of density functional theory approaches

The phases of A 2Mn 8O 16 hollandite group oxides emerge from the competition between ionic interactions, Jahn-Teller effects, charge ordering, and magnetic interactions. Their balanced treatment with feasible computational approaches can be challenging for commonly used approximations in density functional theory. Three examples (A = Ag, Li, and K) are studied with a sequence of different approximate exchange-correlation functionals. Starting from a generalized gradient approximation (GGA), an extension to include van der Waals interactions and a recently proposed meta-GGA are considered. Then local Coulomb interactions for the Mn 3d electrons are more explicitly considered with the DFT + U approach. Finally, selected results from a hybrid functional approach provide a reference. Results for the binding energy of the A species in the parent oxide highlight the role of van der Waals interactions. Relatively accurate results for insertion energies can be achieved with a low-U and a high-U approach. In the low-U case, the materials are described as band metals with a high-symmetry, tetragonal crystal structure. In the high-U case, the electrons donated by A result in formation of local Mn 3+ centers and corresponding Jahn-Teller distortions characterized by a local order parameter. The resulting degree of monoclinic distortion dependsmore » on charge ordering and magnetic interactions in the phase formed. The reference hybrid functional results show charge localization and ordering. Comparison to low-temperature experiments of related compounds suggests that charge localization is the physically correct result for the hollandite group oxides studied here. Lastly, while competing effects in the local magnetic coupling are subtle, the fully anisotropic implementation of DFT + U gives the best overall agreement with results from the hybrid functional.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. SUNY Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Univ. of Vienna, Vienna (Austria)
  2. SUNY Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953; PRMHAR; R&D Project: 16068; KC0403020; TRN: US1800363
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704; SC0012673
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; hollandite group oxides; manganese oxides; doped oxides; charge order; mixed valence; Jahn-Teller distortion; generalized gradient approximation; GGA; PBE; van der Waals interaction; Opt-B88; DFT+U; meta-GGA; SCAN; hybrid functional; HSE
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1410867