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Title: Spin-orbit coupling, strong correlation, and insulator-metal transitions: The J eff = 3 2 ferromagnetic Dirac-Mott insulator Ba 2 NaOsO 6

The double perovskite Ba 2NaOsO 6 (BNOO), an exotic example of a very high oxidation state (heptavalent) osmium d1 compound and also uncommon by being a ferromagnetic open d-shell (Mott) insulator without Jahn-Teller (JT) distortion, is modeled using a density functional theory based hybrid functional incorporating exact exchange for correlated electronic orbitals and including the large spin-orbit coupling (SOC). The experimentally observed narrow-gap ferromagnetic insulating ground state is obtained, but only when including spin-orbit coupling, making this a Dirac-Mott insulator. The calculated easy axis along [110] is in accord with experiment, providing additional support that this approach provides a realistic method for studying this system. The predicted spin density for [110] spin orientation is nearly cubic (unlike for other directions), providing an explanation for the absence of JT distortion. An orbital moment of –0.4μ B strongly compensates the +0.5μ B spin moment on Os, leaving a strongly compensated moment more in line with experiment. Remarkably, the net moment lies primarily on the oxygen ions. An insulator-metal transition, by rotating the magnetization direction with an external field under moderate pressure, is predicted as one consequence of strong SOC, and metallization under moderate pressure is predicted. In conclusion, a comparison is mademore » with the isostructural, isovalent insulator Ba 2LiOsO 6, which, however, orders antiferromagnetically.« less
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0001842; AC02-05CH11231; FG03-03NA00071; FG02-04ER46111
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; spin-orbit coupling; strong correlation; insulating ferromagnet; magnetic moment
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1180258