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Title: Network-Cognizant Voltage Droop Control for Distribution Grids

Our paper examines distribution systems with a high integration of distributed energy resources (DERs) and addresses the design of local control methods for real-time voltage regulation. Particularly, the paper focuses on proportional control strategies where the active and reactive output-powers of DERs are adjusted in response to (and proportionally to) local changes in voltage levels. The design of the voltage-active power and voltage-reactive power characteristics leverages suitable linear approximation of the AC power-flow equations and is network-cognizant; that is, the coefficients of the controllers embed information on the location of the DERs and forecasted non-controllable loads/injections and, consequently, on the effect of DER power adjustments on the overall voltage profile. We pursued a robust approach to cope with uncertainty in the forecasted non-controllable loads/power injections. Stability of the proposed local controllers is analytically assessed and numerically corroborated.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). College of Engineering and Applied Science
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0885-8950
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308; AC02-05CH11231
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0885-8950
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE)
Country of Publication:
United States
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; volt/VAR; voltage regulation; distribution grids; inverters
OSTI Identifier: