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Title: Recent Progress in Synthesis and Application of Low-Dimensional Silicon Based Anode Material for Lithium Ion Battery

Silicon is regarded as the next generation anode material for LIBs with its ultra-high theoretical capacity and abundance. Nevertheless, the severe capacity degradation resulting from the huge volume change and accumulative solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation hinders the silicon based anode material for further practical applications. Hence, a variety of methods have been applied to enhance electrochemical performances in terms of the electrochemical stability and rate performance of the silicon anodes such as designing nanostructured Si, combining with carbonaceous material, exploring multifunctional polymer binders, and developing artificial SEI layers. Silicon anodes with low-dimensional structures (0D, 1D, and 2D), compared with bulky silicon anodes, are strongly believed to have several advanced characteristics including larger surface area, fast electron transfer, and shortened lithium diffusion pathway as well as better accommodation with volume changes, which leads to improved electrochemical behaviors. Finally, in this review, recent progress of silicon anode synthesis methodologies generating low-dimensional structures for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) applications is listed and discussed.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Akron, OH (United States). Dept. of Polymer Science
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0013831
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nanomaterials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2017; Journal ID: ISSN 1687-4110
Publisher:
Hindawi
Research Org:
pH Matter, LLC, Columbus, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; National Science Foundation (NSF); ACS Petroleum Research Fund
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 25 ENERGY STORAGE
OSTI Identifier:
1393856