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Title: Planck intermediate results: XXX. The angular power spectrum of polarized dust emission at intermediate and high Galactic latitudes

Abstract

The polarized thermal emission from diffuse Galactic dust is the main foreground present in measurements of the polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at frequencies above 100 GHz. In this study we exploit the uniqueness of the Planck HFI polarization data from 100 to 353 GHz to measure the polarized dust angular power spectra C EE and C BB over the multipole range 40 ℓ ∝ ℓ α, with exponents α EE,BB = -2.42 ± 0.02. The amplitudes of the polarization power spectra vary with the average brightness in a way similar to the intensity power spectra. The frequency dependence of the dust polarization spectra is consistent with modified blackbody emission with β d = 1.59 and T d = 19.6 K down to the lowest Planck HFI frequencies. We find a systematic difference between the amplitudes of the Galactic B- and E-modes, C BB/C EE = 0.5. We verify that these general properties are preserved towards high Galactic latitudes with low dust column densities. We show that even in the faintest dust-emitting regions there are no “clean” windows in the sky where primordial CMB B-mode polarization measurements could be made without subtraction of foregroundmore » emission. Finally, we investigate the level of dust polarization in the specific field recently targeted by the BICEP2 experiment. Extrapolation of the Planck 353 GHz data to 150 GHz gives a dust power D BB ≡ ℓ(ℓ+1)C BB/(2π) of 1.32 × 10 -2 μK CMB 2 over the multipole range of the primordial recombination bump (40 -2 μK CMB 2 and there is an additional uncertainty (+0.28, -0.24) × 10 -2 μK CMB 2 from the extrapolation. Finally, this level is the same magnitude as reported by BICEP2 over this ℓ range, which highlights the need for assessment of the polarized dust signal even in the cleanest windows of the sky.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
Planck Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1393017
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 586; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; cosmic background radiation; cosmology observations; ISM structure; ISM magnetic fields; polarization

Citation Formats

Adam, R., Ade, P. A. R., Aghanim, N., Arnaud, M., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Bartlett, J. G., Bartolo, N., Battaner, E., Benabed, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bernard, J. -P., Bersanelli, M., Bielewicz, P., Bonaldi, A., Bonavera, L., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Boulanger, F., Bracco, A., Bucher, M., Burigana, C., Butler, R. C., Calabrese, E., Cardoso, J. -F., Catalano, A., Challinor, A., Chamballu, A., Chary, R. -R., Chiang, H. C., Christensen, P. R., Clements, D. L., Colombi, S., Colombo, L. P. L., Combet, C., Couchot, F., Coulais, A., Crill, B. P., Curto, A., Cuttaia, F., Danese, L., Davies, R. D., Davis, R. J., de Bernardis, P., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Delouis, J. -M., Désert, F. -X., Dickinson, C., Diego, J. M., Dolag, K., Dole, H., Donzelli, S., Doré, O., Douspis, M., Ducout, A., Dunkley, J., Dupac, X., Efstathiou, G., Elsner, F., Enßlin, T. A., Eriksen, H. K., Falgarone, E., Finelli, F., Forni, O., Frailis, M., Fraisse, A. A., Franceschi, E., Frejsel, A., Galeotta, S., Galli, S., Ganga, K., Ghosh, T., Giard, M., Giraud-Héraud, Y., Gjerløw, E., González-Nuevo, J., Górski, K. M., Gratton, S., Gregorio, A., Gruppuso, A., Guillet, V., Hansen, F. K., Hanson, D., Harrison, D. L., Helou, G., Henrot-Versillé, S., Hernández-Monteagudo, C., Herranz, D., Hivon, E., Hobson, M., Holmes, W. A., Huffenberger, K. M., Hurier, G., Jaffe, A. H., Jaffe, T. R., Jewell, J., Jones, W. C., Juvela, M., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Kisner, T. S., Kneissl, R., Knoche, J., Knox, L., Krachmalnicoff, N., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lagache, G., Lamarre, J. -M., Lasenby, A., Lattanzi, M., Lawrence, C. R., Leahy, J. P., Leonardi, R., Lesgourgues, J., Levrier, F., Liguori, M., Lilje, P. B., Linden-Vørnle, M., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Macías-Pérez, J. F., Maffei, B., Maino, D., Mandolesi, N., Mangilli, A., Maris, M., Martin, P. G., Martínez-González, E., Masi, S., Matarrese, S., Mazzotta, P., Meinhold, P. R., Melchiorri, A., Mendes, L., Mennella, A., Migliaccio, M., Mitra, S., Miville-Deschênes, M. -A., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Mortlock, D., Moss, A., Munshi, D., Murphy, J. A., Naselsky, P., Nati, F., Natoli, P., Netterfield, C. B., Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U., Noviello, F., Novikov, D., Novikov, I., Pagano, L., Pajot, F., Paladini, R., Paoletti, D., Partridge, B., Pasian, F., Patanchon, G., Pearson, T. J., Perdereau, O., Perotto, L., Perrotta, F., Pettorino, V., Piacentini, F., Piat, M., Pierpaoli, E., Pietrobon, D., Plaszczynski, S., Pointecouteau, E., Polenta, G., Ponthieu, N., Popa, L., Pratt, G. W., Prunet, S., Puget, J. -L., Rachen, J. P., Reach, W. T., Rebolo, R., Remazeilles, M., Renault, C., Renzi, A., Ricciardi, S., Ristorcelli, I., Rocha, G., Rosset, C., Rossetti, M., Roudier, G., Rouillé d’Orfeuil, B., Rubiño-Martín, J. A., Rusholme, B., Sandri, M., Santos, D., Savelainen, M., Savini, G., Scott, D., Soler, J. D., Spencer, L. D., Stolyarov, V., Stompor, R., Sudiwala, R., Sunyaev, R., Sutton, D., Suur-Uski, A. -S., Sygnet, J. -F., Tauber, J. A., Terenzi, L., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tristram, M., Tucci, M., Tuovinen, J., Valenziano, L., Valiviita, J., Van Tent, B., Vibert, L., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Wade, L. A., Wandelt, B. D., Watson, R., Wehus, I. K., White, M., White, S. D. M., Yvon, D., Zacchei, A., and Zonca, A. Planck intermediate results: XXX. The angular power spectrum of polarized dust emission at intermediate and high Galactic latitudes. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201425034.
Adam, R., Ade, P. A. R., Aghanim, N., Arnaud, M., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Bartlett, J. G., Bartolo, N., Battaner, E., Benabed, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bernard, J. -P., Bersanelli, M., Bielewicz, P., Bonaldi, A., Bonavera, L., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Boulanger, F., Bracco, A., Bucher, M., Burigana, C., Butler, R. C., Calabrese, E., Cardoso, J. -F., Catalano, A., Challinor, A., Chamballu, A., Chary, R. -R., Chiang, H. C., Christensen, P. R., Clements, D. L., Colombi, S., Colombo, L. P. L., Combet, C., Couchot, F., Coulais, A., Crill, B. P., Curto, A., Cuttaia, F., Danese, L., Davies, R. D., Davis, R. J., de Bernardis, P., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Delouis, J. -M., Désert, F. -X., Dickinson, C., Diego, J. M., Dolag, K., Dole, H., Donzelli, S., Doré, O., Douspis, M., Ducout, A., Dunkley, J., Dupac, X., Efstathiou, G., Elsner, F., Enßlin, T. A., Eriksen, H. K., Falgarone, E., Finelli, F., Forni, O., Frailis, M., Fraisse, A. A., Franceschi, E., Frejsel, A., Galeotta, S., Galli, S., Ganga, K., Ghosh, T., Giard, M., Giraud-Héraud, Y., Gjerløw, E., González-Nuevo, J., Górski, K. M., Gratton, S., Gregorio, A., Gruppuso, A., Guillet, V., Hansen, F. K., Hanson, D., Harrison, D. L., Helou, G., Henrot-Versillé, S., Hernández-Monteagudo, C., Herranz, D., Hivon, E., Hobson, M., Holmes, W. A., Huffenberger, K. M., Hurier, G., Jaffe, A. H., Jaffe, T. R., Jewell, J., Jones, W. C., Juvela, M., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Kisner, T. S., Kneissl, R., Knoche, J., Knox, L., Krachmalnicoff, N., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lagache, G., Lamarre, J. -M., Lasenby, A., Lattanzi, M., Lawrence, C. R., Leahy, J. P., Leonardi, R., Lesgourgues, J., Levrier, F., Liguori, M., Lilje, P. B., Linden-Vørnle, M., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Macías-Pérez, J. F., Maffei, B., Maino, D., Mandolesi, N., Mangilli, A., Maris, M., Martin, P. G., Martínez-González, E., Masi, S., Matarrese, S., Mazzotta, P., Meinhold, P. R., Melchiorri, A., Mendes, L., Mennella, A., Migliaccio, M., Mitra, S., Miville-Deschênes, M. -A., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Mortlock, D., Moss, A., Munshi, D., Murphy, J. A., Naselsky, P., Nati, F., Natoli, P., Netterfield, C. B., Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U., Noviello, F., Novikov, D., Novikov, I., Pagano, L., Pajot, F., Paladini, R., Paoletti, D., Partridge, B., Pasian, F., Patanchon, G., Pearson, T. J., Perdereau, O., Perotto, L., Perrotta, F., Pettorino, V., Piacentini, F., Piat, M., Pierpaoli, E., Pietrobon, D., Plaszczynski, S., Pointecouteau, E., Polenta, G., Ponthieu, N., Popa, L., Pratt, G. W., Prunet, S., Puget, J. -L., Rachen, J. P., Reach, W. T., Rebolo, R., Remazeilles, M., Renault, C., Renzi, A., Ricciardi, S., Ristorcelli, I., Rocha, G., Rosset, C., Rossetti, M., Roudier, G., Rouillé d’Orfeuil, B., Rubiño-Martín, J. A., Rusholme, B., Sandri, M., Santos, D., Savelainen, M., Savini, G., Scott, D., Soler, J. D., Spencer, L. D., Stolyarov, V., Stompor, R., Sudiwala, R., Sunyaev, R., Sutton, D., Suur-Uski, A. -S., Sygnet, J. -F., Tauber, J. A., Terenzi, L., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tristram, M., Tucci, M., Tuovinen, J., Valenziano, L., Valiviita, J., Van Tent, B., Vibert, L., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Wade, L. A., Wandelt, B. D., Watson, R., Wehus, I. K., White, M., White, S. D. M., Yvon, D., Zacchei, A., & Zonca, A. Planck intermediate results: XXX. The angular power spectrum of polarized dust emission at intermediate and high Galactic latitudes. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201425034.
Adam, R., Ade, P. A. R., Aghanim, N., Arnaud, M., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Bartlett, J. G., Bartolo, N., Battaner, E., Benabed, K., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bernard, J. -P., Bersanelli, M., Bielewicz, P., Bonaldi, A., Bonavera, L., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Boulanger, F., Bracco, A., Bucher, M., Burigana, C., Butler, R. C., Calabrese, E., Cardoso, J. -F., Catalano, A., Challinor, A., Chamballu, A., Chary, R. -R., Chiang, H. C., Christensen, P. R., Clements, D. L., Colombi, S., Colombo, L. P. L., Combet, C., Couchot, F., Coulais, A., Crill, B. P., Curto, A., Cuttaia, F., Danese, L., Davies, R. D., Davis, R. J., de Bernardis, P., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Delouis, J. -M., Désert, F. -X., Dickinson, C., Diego, J. M., Dolag, K., Dole, H., Donzelli, S., Doré, O., Douspis, M., Ducout, A., Dunkley, J., Dupac, X., Efstathiou, G., Elsner, F., Enßlin, T. A., Eriksen, H. K., Falgarone, E., Finelli, F., Forni, O., Frailis, M., Fraisse, A. A., Franceschi, E., Frejsel, A., Galeotta, S., Galli, S., Ganga, K., Ghosh, T., Giard, M., Giraud-Héraud, Y., Gjerløw, E., González-Nuevo, J., Górski, K. M., Gratton, S., Gregorio, A., Gruppuso, A., Guillet, V., Hansen, F. K., Hanson, D., Harrison, D. L., Helou, G., Henrot-Versillé, S., Hernández-Monteagudo, C., Herranz, D., Hivon, E., Hobson, M., Holmes, W. A., Huffenberger, K. M., Hurier, G., Jaffe, A. H., Jaffe, T. R., Jewell, J., Jones, W. C., Juvela, M., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Kisner, T. S., Kneissl, R., Knoche, J., Knox, L., Krachmalnicoff, N., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lagache, G., Lamarre, J. -M., Lasenby, A., Lattanzi, M., Lawrence, C. R., Leahy, J. P., Leonardi, R., Lesgourgues, J., Levrier, F., Liguori, M., Lilje, P. B., Linden-Vørnle, M., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Macías-Pérez, J. F., Maffei, B., Maino, D., Mandolesi, N., Mangilli, A., Maris, M., Martin, P. G., Martínez-González, E., Masi, S., Matarrese, S., Mazzotta, P., Meinhold, P. R., Melchiorri, A., Mendes, L., Mennella, A., Migliaccio, M., Mitra, S., Miville-Deschênes, M. -A., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Mortlock, D., Moss, A., Munshi, D., Murphy, J. A., Naselsky, P., Nati, F., Natoli, P., Netterfield, C. B., Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U., Noviello, F., Novikov, D., Novikov, I., Pagano, L., Pajot, F., Paladini, R., Paoletti, D., Partridge, B., Pasian, F., Patanchon, G., Pearson, T. J., Perdereau, O., Perotto, L., Perrotta, F., Pettorino, V., Piacentini, F., Piat, M., Pierpaoli, E., Pietrobon, D., Plaszczynski, S., Pointecouteau, E., Polenta, G., Ponthieu, N., Popa, L., Pratt, G. W., Prunet, S., Puget, J. -L., Rachen, J. P., Reach, W. T., Rebolo, R., Remazeilles, M., Renault, C., Renzi, A., Ricciardi, S., Ristorcelli, I., Rocha, G., Rosset, C., Rossetti, M., Roudier, G., Rouillé d’Orfeuil, B., Rubiño-Martín, J. A., Rusholme, B., Sandri, M., Santos, D., Savelainen, M., Savini, G., Scott, D., Soler, J. D., Spencer, L. D., Stolyarov, V., Stompor, R., Sudiwala, R., Sunyaev, R., Sutton, D., Suur-Uski, A. -S., Sygnet, J. -F., Tauber, J. A., Terenzi, L., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tristram, M., Tucci, M., Tuovinen, J., Valenziano, L., Valiviita, J., Van Tent, B., Vibert, L., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Wade, L. A., Wandelt, B. D., Watson, R., Wehus, I. K., White, M., White, S. D. M., Yvon, D., Zacchei, A., and Zonca, A. Tue . "Planck intermediate results: XXX. The angular power spectrum of polarized dust emission at intermediate and high Galactic latitudes". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201425034. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1393017.
@article{osti_1393017,
title = {Planck intermediate results: XXX. The angular power spectrum of polarized dust emission at intermediate and high Galactic latitudes},
author = {Adam, R. and Ade, P. A. R. and Aghanim, N. and Arnaud, M. and Aumont, J. and Baccigalupi, C. and Banday, A. J. and Barreiro, R. B. and Bartlett, J. G. and Bartolo, N. and Battaner, E. and Benabed, K. and Benoit-Lévy, A. and Bernard, J. -P. and Bersanelli, M. and Bielewicz, P. and Bonaldi, A. and Bonavera, L. and Bond, J. R. and Borrill, J. and Bouchet, F. R. and Boulanger, F. and Bracco, A. and Bucher, M. and Burigana, C. and Butler, R. C. and Calabrese, E. and Cardoso, J. -F. and Catalano, A. and Challinor, A. and Chamballu, A. and Chary, R. -R. and Chiang, H. C. and Christensen, P. R. and Clements, D. L. and Colombi, S. and Colombo, L. P. L. and Combet, C. and Couchot, F. and Coulais, A. and Crill, B. P. and Curto, A. and Cuttaia, F. and Danese, L. and Davies, R. D. and Davis, R. J. and de Bernardis, P. and de Zotti, G. and Delabrouille, J. and Delouis, J. -M. and Désert, F. -X. and Dickinson, C. and Diego, J. M. and Dolag, K. and Dole, H. and Donzelli, S. and Doré, O. and Douspis, M. and Ducout, A. and Dunkley, J. and Dupac, X. and Efstathiou, G. and Elsner, F. and Enßlin, T. A. and Eriksen, H. K. and Falgarone, E. and Finelli, F. and Forni, O. and Frailis, M. and Fraisse, A. A. and Franceschi, E. and Frejsel, A. and Galeotta, S. and Galli, S. and Ganga, K. and Ghosh, T. and Giard, M. and Giraud-Héraud, Y. and Gjerløw, E. and González-Nuevo, J. and Górski, K. M. and Gratton, S. and Gregorio, A. and Gruppuso, A. and Guillet, V. and Hansen, F. K. and Hanson, D. and Harrison, D. L. and Helou, G. and Henrot-Versillé, S. and Hernández-Monteagudo, C. and Herranz, D. and Hivon, E. and Hobson, M. and Holmes, W. A. and Huffenberger, K. M. and Hurier, G. and Jaffe, A. H. and Jaffe, T. R. and Jewell, J. and Jones, W. C. and Juvela, M. and Keihänen, E. and Keskitalo, R. and Kisner, T. S. and Kneissl, R. and Knoche, J. and Knox, L. and Krachmalnicoff, N. and Kunz, M. and Kurki-Suonio, H. and Lagache, G. and Lamarre, J. -M. and Lasenby, A. and Lattanzi, M. and Lawrence, C. R. and Leahy, J. P. and Leonardi, R. and Lesgourgues, J. and Levrier, F. and Liguori, M. and Lilje, P. B. and Linden-Vørnle, M. and López-Caniego, M. and Lubin, P. M. and Macías-Pérez, J. F. and Maffei, B. and Maino, D. and Mandolesi, N. and Mangilli, A. and Maris, M. and Martin, P. G. and Martínez-González, E. and Masi, S. and Matarrese, S. and Mazzotta, P. and Meinhold, P. R. and Melchiorri, A. and Mendes, L. and Mennella, A. and Migliaccio, M. and Mitra, S. and Miville-Deschênes, M. -A. and Moneti, A. and Montier, L. and Morgante, G. and Mortlock, D. and Moss, A. and Munshi, D. and Murphy, J. A. and Naselsky, P. and Nati, F. and Natoli, P. and Netterfield, C. B. and Nørgaard-Nielsen, H. U. and Noviello, F. and Novikov, D. and Novikov, I. and Pagano, L. and Pajot, F. and Paladini, R. and Paoletti, D. and Partridge, B. and Pasian, F. and Patanchon, G. and Pearson, T. J. and Perdereau, O. and Perotto, L. and Perrotta, F. and Pettorino, V. and Piacentini, F. and Piat, M. and Pierpaoli, E. and Pietrobon, D. and Plaszczynski, S. and Pointecouteau, E. and Polenta, G. and Ponthieu, N. and Popa, L. and Pratt, G. W. and Prunet, S. and Puget, J. -L. and Rachen, J. P. and Reach, W. T. and Rebolo, R. and Remazeilles, M. and Renault, C. and Renzi, A. and Ricciardi, S. and Ristorcelli, I. and Rocha, G. and Rosset, C. and Rossetti, M. and Roudier, G. and Rouillé d’Orfeuil, B. and Rubiño-Martín, J. A. and Rusholme, B. and Sandri, M. and Santos, D. and Savelainen, M. and Savini, G. and Scott, D. and Soler, J. D. and Spencer, L. D. and Stolyarov, V. and Stompor, R. and Sudiwala, R. and Sunyaev, R. and Sutton, D. and Suur-Uski, A. -S. and Sygnet, J. -F. and Tauber, J. A. and Terenzi, L. and Toffolatti, L. and Tomasi, M. and Tristram, M. and Tucci, M. and Tuovinen, J. and Valenziano, L. and Valiviita, J. and Van Tent, B. and Vibert, L. and Vielva, P. and Villa, F. and Wade, L. A. and Wandelt, B. D. and Watson, R. and Wehus, I. K. and White, M. and White, S. D. M. and Yvon, D. and Zacchei, A. and Zonca, A.},
abstractNote = {The polarized thermal emission from diffuse Galactic dust is the main foreground present in measurements of the polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at frequencies above 100 GHz. In this study we exploit the uniqueness of the Planck HFI polarization data from 100 to 353 GHz to measure the polarized dust angular power spectra CℓEE and CℓBB over the multipole range 40 ℓ ∝ ℓα, with exponents αEE,BB = -2.42 ± 0.02. The amplitudes of the polarization power spectra vary with the average brightness in a way similar to the intensity power spectra. The frequency dependence of the dust polarization spectra is consistent with modified blackbody emission with βd = 1.59 and Td = 19.6 K down to the lowest Planck HFI frequencies. We find a systematic difference between the amplitudes of the Galactic B- and E-modes, CℓBB/CℓEE = 0.5. We verify that these general properties are preserved towards high Galactic latitudes with low dust column densities. We show that even in the faintest dust-emitting regions there are no “clean” windows in the sky where primordial CMB B-mode polarization measurements could be made without subtraction of foreground emission. Finally, we investigate the level of dust polarization in the specific field recently targeted by the BICEP2 experiment. Extrapolation of the Planck 353 GHz data to 150 GHz gives a dust power DℓBB ≡ ℓ(ℓ+1)CℓBB/(2π) of 1.32 × 10-2 μKCMB2 over the multipole range of the primordial recombination bump (40 -2 μKCMB2 and there is an additional uncertainty (+0.28, -0.24) × 10-2 μKCMB2 from the extrapolation. Finally, this level is the same magnitude as reported by BICEP2 over this ℓ range, which highlights the need for assessment of the polarized dust signal even in the cleanest windows of the sky.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201425034},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = 586,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

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A model for polarized microwave foreground emission from interstellar dust: Foreground emission from interstellar dust
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Limits on the detectability of the CMB B-mode polarization imposed by foregrounds
journal, July 2005


SPIDER: probing the early Universe with a suborbital polarimeter
journal, April 2013

  • Fraisse, A. A.; Ade, P. A. R.; Amiri, M.
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 04
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2013/04/047

The Impact of Polarized Extragalactic Radio Sources on the Detection of CMB Anisotropies in Polarization
journal, January 2012


Planck pre-launch status: The Planck mission
journal, September 2010


HEALPix: A Framework for High‐Resolution Discretization and Fast Analysis of Data Distributed on the Sphere
journal, April 2005

  • Gorski, K. M.; Hivon, E.; Banday, A. J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 622, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/427976

Galactic foreground contributions to the 5-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe maps: Galactic foreground contributions to WMAP5
journal, October 2011


FIVE-YEAR WILKINSON MICROWAVE ANISOTROPY PROBE OBSERVATIONS: LIKELIHOODS AND PARAMETERS FROM THE WMAP DATA
journal, February 2009

  • Dunkley, J.; Komatsu, E.; Nolta, M. R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 180, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/180/2/306

A joint analysis of Planck and BICEP2 B modes including dust polarization uncertainty
journal, October 2014


Comparing polarized synchrotron and thermal dust emission in the Galactic plane
journal, March 2013

  • Jaffe, T. R.; Ferrière, K. M.; Banday, A. J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 431, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt200

Flux upper limits for 47 AGN observed with H.E.S.S. in 2004−2011
journal, March 2014


Cosmic microwave background polarisation: foreground contrast and component separation
journal, December 2003


Polarized CMB power spectrum estimation using the pure pseudo-cross-spectrum approach
journal, June 2009


Planck 2013 results. XXVIII. The Planck Catalogue of Compact Sources
journal, October 2014


Model of the polarized foreground diffuse Galactic emissions from 33 to 353GHz
journal, August 2012


IceCube sensitivity for low-energy neutrinos from nearby supernovae ( Corrigendum )
journal, February 2014


BICEP2. II. Experiment And Three-Year Data Set
journal, August 2014

  • Ade, P. A. R.; Aikin, R. W.; Amiri, M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 792, Issue 1, Article No. 62
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/62

Planck intermediate results. XIX. An overview of the polarized thermal emission from Galactic dust
journal, April 2015


Herschel -SPIRE observations of the Polaris flare: Structure of the diffuse interstellar medium at the sub-parsec scale
journal, July 2010


Temperature and polarization angular power spectra of Galactic dust radiation at 353 GHz as measured by Archeops
journal, November 2005


Pure pseudo-Cℓ estimators for CMB B-modes
journal, December 2006


An upper limit to polarized submillimetre emission in Arp 220
journal, January 2007


The Keck Array: A Multi Camera CMB Polarimeter at the South Pole
journal, April 2012

  • Staniszewski, Z.; Aikin, R. W.; Amiri, M.
  • Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 167, Issue 5-6
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10909-012-0510-1

A polarization survey of bright extragalactic AT20G sources
journal, October 2013

  • Massardi, M.; Burke-Spolaor, S. G.; Murphy, T.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 436, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt1717

Planck 2013 results. XV. CMB power spectra and likelihood
journal, October 2014


Statistical properties of polarized radio sources at high frequency and their impact on cosmic microwave background polarization measurements: Properties of polarized radio sources
journal, January 2011


Planck 2013 results. X. HFI energetic particle effects: characterization, removal, and simulation
journal, October 2014


The Leiden/Argentine/Bonn (LAB) Survey of Galactic HI: Final data release of the combined LDS and IAR surveys with improved stray-radiation corrections
journal, September 2005


Search for TeV Gamma-ray Emission from GRB 100621A, an extremely bright GRB in X-rays, with H.E.S.S.
journal, April 2014


Statistical properties of dust far-infrared emission
journal, April 2007

  • Miville-Deschênes, M. -A.; Lagache, G.; Boulanger, F.
  • Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol. 469, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20066962

Planck 2013 results. VIII. HFI photometric calibration and mapmaking
journal, October 2014


Planck 2013 results. VII. HFI time response and beams
journal, October 2014


Planck early results. IV. First assessment of the High Frequency Instrument in-flight performance
journal, December 2011


SEVEN-YEAR WILKINSON MICROWAVE ANISOTROPY PROBE ( WMAP ) OBSERVATIONS: GALACTIC FOREGROUND EMISSION
journal, January 2011

  • Gold, B.; Odegard, N.; Weiland, J. L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 192, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/192/2/15

The alignment of molecular cloud magnetic fields with the spiral arms in M33
journal, November 2011


MASTER of the Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropy Power Spectrum: A Fast Method for Statistical Analysis of Large and Complex Cosmic Microwave Background Data Sets
journal, March 2002

  • Hivon, Eric; Gorski, Krzysztof M.; Netterfield, C. Barth
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 567, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/338126

Planck early results. III. First assessment of the Low Frequency Instrument in-flight performance
journal, December 2011


Planck pre-launch status: High Frequency Instrument polarization calibration
journal, September 2010


SECOND SEASON QUIET OBSERVATIONS: MEASUREMENTS OF THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND POLARIZATION POWER SPECTRUM AT 95 GHz
journal, November 2012


Planck 2013 results. VI. High Frequency Instrument data processing
journal, October 2014


Degree-Scale Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization Measurements from Three Years of Bicep1 data
journal, February 2014


Lupus i Observations from the 2010 Flight of the Balloon-Borne Large Aperture Submillimeter Telescope for Polarimetry
journal, March 2014

  • Matthews, Tristan G.; Ade, Peter A. R.; Angilè, Francesco E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 784, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/784/2/116

Planck 2013 results. XI. All-sky model of thermal dust emission
journal, October 2014


SPATIAL VARIATIONS IN THE SPECTRAL INDEX OF POLARIZED SYNCHROTRON EMISSION IN THE 9 yr WMAP SKY MAPS
journal, July 2014


Planck 2013 results. XVII. Gravitational lensing by large-scale structure
journal, October 2014


Joint 3D modelling of the polarized Galactic synchrotron and thermal dust foreground diffuse emission
journal, January 2011


First detection of polarization of the submillimetre diffuse galactic dust emission by Archeops
journal, August 2004


Measurement of the Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization Lensing Power Spectrum with the POLARBEAR Experiment
journal, July 2014


Detection of B -Mode Polarization at Degree Angular Scales by BICEP2
journal, June 2014


A calculation of confusion noise due to infrared cirrus
journal, April 1992

  • Gautier, T. N. , Iii; Boulanger, Francois; Perault, M.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 103
  • DOI: 10.1086/116144

Detection of B -Mode Polarization in the Cosmic Microwave Background with Data from the South Pole Telescope
journal, September 2013


The Far‐Infrared Polarization Spectrum: First Results and Analysis
journal, May 1999

  • Hildebrand, R. H.; Dotson, J. L.; Dowell, C. D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 516, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/307142

Planck pre-launch status: The HFI instrument, from specification to actual performance
journal, September 2010


E/B decomposition of finite pixelized CMB maps
journal, January 2003


Genus topology and cross-correlation of BICEP2 and Planck 353 GHz B-modes: further evidence favouring gravity wave detection
journal, January 2015

  • Colley, Wesley N.; Gott, J. Richard
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 447, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu2547

Toward an understanding of foreground emission in the BICEP2 region
journal, August 2014

  • Flauger, Raphael; Hill, J. Colin; Spergel, David N.
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 08
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2014/08/039

The Atacama Cosmology Telescope: CMB polarization at 200 < ℓ < 9000
journal, October 2014

  • Naess, Sigurd; Hasselfield, Matthew; McMahon, Jeff
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2014/10/007

Polarized Emission from Interstellar Dust
journal, January 2007


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Testing for foreground residuals in the Planck foreground cleaned maps: A new method for designing confidence masks
    journal, June 2015


    Statistical properties of polarized CMB foreground maps
    journal, June 2019

    • von Hausegger, Sebastian; Gammelgaard Ravnebjerg, Aske; Liu, Hao
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 487, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1582