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Title: Mix and hydrodynamic instabilities on NIF

Abstract

Several new platforms have been developed to experimentally measure hydrodynamic instabilities in all phases of indirect-drive, inertial confinement fusion implosions on National Ignition Facility. At the ablation front, instability growth of pre-imposed modulations was measured with a face-on, x-ray radiography platform in the linear regime using the Hydrodynamic Growth Radiography (HGR) platform. Modulation growth of "native roughness" modulations and engineering features (fill tubes and capsule support membranes) were measured in conditions relevant to layered DT implosions. A new experimental platform was developed to measure instability growth at the ablator-ice interface. Here in the deceleration phase of implosions, several experimental platforms were developed to measure both low-mode asymmetries and high-mode perturbations near peak compression with x-ray and nuclear techniques. In one innovative technique, the self-emission from the hot spot was enhanced with argon dopant to "self-backlight" the shell in-flight. To stabilize instability growth, new "adiabat-shaping" techniques were developed using the HGR platform and applied in layered DT implosions.

Authors:
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  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1378520
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-728861
Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; NA0001808
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 06; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION

Citation Formats

Smalyuk, V. A., Robey, H. F., Casey, D. T., Clark, D. S., Döppner, T., Haan, S. W., Hammel, B. A., MacPhee, A. G., Martinez, D., Milovich, J. L., Peterson, J. L., Pickworth, L., Pino, J. E., Raman, K., Tipton, R., Weber, C. R., Baker, K. L., Bachmann, B., Hopkins, L. F. Berzak, Bond, E., Caggiano, J. A., Callahan, D. A., Celliers, P. M., Cerjan, C., Dixit, S. N., Edwards, M. J., Felker, S., Field, J. E., Fittinghoff, D. N., Gharibyan, N., Grim, G. P., Hamza, A. V., Hatarik, R., Hohenberger, M., Hsing, W. W., Hurricane, O. A., Jancaitis, K. S., Jones, O. S., Khan, S., Kroll, J. J., Lafortune, K. N., Landen, O. L., Ma, T., MacGowan, B. J., Masse, L., Moore, A. S., Nagel, S. R., Nikroo, A., Pak, A., Patel, P. K., Remington, B. A., Sayre, D. B., Spears, B. K., Stadermann, M., Tommasini, R., Widmayer, C. C., Yeamans, C. B., Crippen, J., Farrell, M., Giraldez, E., Rice, N., Wilde, C. H., Volegov, P. L., and Johnson, M. Gatu. Mix and hydrodynamic instabilities on NIF. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/06/C06001.
Smalyuk, V. A., Robey, H. F., Casey, D. T., Clark, D. S., Döppner, T., Haan, S. W., Hammel, B. A., MacPhee, A. G., Martinez, D., Milovich, J. L., Peterson, J. L., Pickworth, L., Pino, J. E., Raman, K., Tipton, R., Weber, C. R., Baker, K. L., Bachmann, B., Hopkins, L. F. Berzak, Bond, E., Caggiano, J. A., Callahan, D. A., Celliers, P. M., Cerjan, C., Dixit, S. N., Edwards, M. J., Felker, S., Field, J. E., Fittinghoff, D. N., Gharibyan, N., Grim, G. P., Hamza, A. V., Hatarik, R., Hohenberger, M., Hsing, W. W., Hurricane, O. A., Jancaitis, K. S., Jones, O. S., Khan, S., Kroll, J. J., Lafortune, K. N., Landen, O. L., Ma, T., MacGowan, B. J., Masse, L., Moore, A. S., Nagel, S. R., Nikroo, A., Pak, A., Patel, P. K., Remington, B. A., Sayre, D. B., Spears, B. K., Stadermann, M., Tommasini, R., Widmayer, C. C., Yeamans, C. B., Crippen, J., Farrell, M., Giraldez, E., Rice, N., Wilde, C. H., Volegov, P. L., & Johnson, M. Gatu. Mix and hydrodynamic instabilities on NIF. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/06/C06001
Smalyuk, V. A., Robey, H. F., Casey, D. T., Clark, D. S., Döppner, T., Haan, S. W., Hammel, B. A., MacPhee, A. G., Martinez, D., Milovich, J. L., Peterson, J. L., Pickworth, L., Pino, J. E., Raman, K., Tipton, R., Weber, C. R., Baker, K. L., Bachmann, B., Hopkins, L. F. Berzak, Bond, E., Caggiano, J. A., Callahan, D. A., Celliers, P. M., Cerjan, C., Dixit, S. N., Edwards, M. J., Felker, S., Field, J. E., Fittinghoff, D. N., Gharibyan, N., Grim, G. P., Hamza, A. V., Hatarik, R., Hohenberger, M., Hsing, W. W., Hurricane, O. A., Jancaitis, K. S., Jones, O. S., Khan, S., Kroll, J. J., Lafortune, K. N., Landen, O. L., Ma, T., MacGowan, B. J., Masse, L., Moore, A. S., Nagel, S. R., Nikroo, A., Pak, A., Patel, P. K., Remington, B. A., Sayre, D. B., Spears, B. K., Stadermann, M., Tommasini, R., Widmayer, C. C., Yeamans, C. B., Crippen, J., Farrell, M., Giraldez, E., Rice, N., Wilde, C. H., Volegov, P. L., and Johnson, M. Gatu. Thu . "Mix and hydrodynamic instabilities on NIF". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/06/C06001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1378520.
@article{osti_1378520,
title = {Mix and hydrodynamic instabilities on NIF},
author = {Smalyuk, V. A. and Robey, H. F. and Casey, D. T. and Clark, D. S. and Döppner, T. and Haan, S. W. and Hammel, B. A. and MacPhee, A. G. and Martinez, D. and Milovich, J. L. and Peterson, J. L. and Pickworth, L. and Pino, J. E. and Raman, K. and Tipton, R. and Weber, C. R. and Baker, K. L. and Bachmann, B. and Hopkins, L. F. Berzak and Bond, E. and Caggiano, J. A. and Callahan, D. A. and Celliers, P. M. and Cerjan, C. and Dixit, S. N. and Edwards, M. J. and Felker, S. and Field, J. E. and Fittinghoff, D. N. and Gharibyan, N. and Grim, G. P. and Hamza, A. V. and Hatarik, R. and Hohenberger, M. and Hsing, W. W. and Hurricane, O. A. and Jancaitis, K. S. and Jones, O. S. and Khan, S. and Kroll, J. J. and Lafortune, K. N. and Landen, O. L. and Ma, T. and MacGowan, B. J. and Masse, L. and Moore, A. S. and Nagel, S. R. and Nikroo, A. and Pak, A. and Patel, P. K. and Remington, B. A. and Sayre, D. B. and Spears, B. K. and Stadermann, M. and Tommasini, R. and Widmayer, C. C. and Yeamans, C. B. and Crippen, J. and Farrell, M. and Giraldez, E. and Rice, N. and Wilde, C. H. and Volegov, P. L. and Johnson, M. Gatu},
abstractNote = {Several new platforms have been developed to experimentally measure hydrodynamic instabilities in all phases of indirect-drive, inertial confinement fusion implosions on National Ignition Facility. At the ablation front, instability growth of pre-imposed modulations was measured with a face-on, x-ray radiography platform in the linear regime using the Hydrodynamic Growth Radiography (HGR) platform. Modulation growth of "native roughness" modulations and engineering features (fill tubes and capsule support membranes) were measured in conditions relevant to layered DT implosions. A new experimental platform was developed to measure instability growth at the ablator-ice interface. Here in the deceleration phase of implosions, several experimental platforms were developed to measure both low-mode asymmetries and high-mode perturbations near peak compression with x-ray and nuclear techniques. In one innovative technique, the self-emission from the hot spot was enhanced with argon dopant to "self-backlight" the shell in-flight. To stabilize instability growth, new "adiabat-shaping" techniques were developed using the HGR platform and applied in layered DT implosions.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/12/06/C06001},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
number = 06,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Hot-Spot Mix in Ignition-Scale Inertial Confinement Fusion Targets
journal, July 2013


Measurement of Hydrodynamic Growth near Peak Velocity in an Inertial Confinement Fusion Capsule Implosion using a Self-Radiography Technique
journal, July 2016


Neutron activation diagnostics at the National Ignition Facility (invited)
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Tent-induced perturbations on areal density of implosions at the National Ignition Facilitya)
journal, May 2015

  • Tommasini, R.; Field, J. E.; Hammel, B. A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4921218

First Measurements of Fuel-Ablator Interface Instability Growth in Inertial Confinement Fusion Implosions on the National Ignition Facility
journal, August 2016


Experimental results of radiation-driven, layered deuterium-tritium implosions with adiabat-shaped drives at the National Ignition Facility
journal, October 2016

  • Smalyuk, V. A.; Robey, H. F.; Döppner, T.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 23, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4964919

X-ray shadow imprint of hydrodynamic instabilities on the surface of inertial confinement fusion capsules by the fuel fill tube
journal, March 2017


Instability growth seeded by oxygen in CH shells on the National Ignition Facility
journal, March 2015

  • Haan, S. W.; Huang, H.; Johnson, M. A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4916300

Onset of Hydrodynamic Mix in High-Velocity, Highly Compressed Inertial Confinement Fusion Implosions
journal, August 2013


A survey of pulse shape options for a revised plastic ablator ignition design
journal, November 2014

  • Clark, D. S.; Milovich, J. L.; Hinkel, D. E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4901572

Performance of indirectly driven capsule implosions on the National Ignition Facility using adiabat-shaping
journal, May 2016

  • Robey, H. F.; Smalyuk, V. A.; Milovich, J. L.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 23, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4944821

Validating hydrodynamic growth in National Ignition Facility implosionsa)
journal, May 2015

  • Peterson, J. L.; Casey, D. T.; Hurricane, O. A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4920952

Diagnosing and controlling mix in National Ignition Facility implosion experiments
journal, May 2011

  • Hammel, B. A.; Scott, H. A.; Regan, S. P.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 18, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3567520

Simulations and experiments of the growth of the “tent” perturbation in NIF ignition implosions
journal, May 2016


2D X-Ray Radiography of Imploding Capsules at the National Ignition Facility
journal, May 2014


Reduced instability growth with high-adiabat high-foot implosions at the National Ignition Facility
journal, July 2014


Hydrodynamic instability experiments with three-dimensional modulations at the National Ignition Facility
journal, January 2015

  • Smalyuk, V. A.; Weber, S. V.; Casey, D. T.
  • High Power Laser Science and Engineering, Vol. 3
  • DOI: 10.1017/hpl.2015.12

High-Adiabat High-Foot Inertial Confinement Fusion Implosion Experiments on the National Ignition Facility
journal, February 2014


Hydrodynamic instability growth and mix experiments at the National Ignition Facility
journal, May 2014

  • Smalyuk, V. A.; Barrios, M.; Caggiano, J. A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4872026

Measurements of an Ablator-Gas Atomic Mix in Indirectly Driven Implosions at the National Ignition Facility
journal, January 2014


Fluence-compensated down-scattered neutron imaging using the neutron imaging system at the National Ignition Facility
journal, August 2016

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  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 11
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Improved Performance of High Areal Density Indirect Drive Implosions at the National Ignition Facility using a Four-Shock Adiabat Shaped Drive
journal, September 2015


Improved Performance of High Areal Density Indirect Drive Implosions at the National Ignition Facility using a Four-Shock Adiabat Shaped Drive
journal, September 2015


Measurements of an Ablator-Gas Atomic Mix in Indirectly Driven Implosions at the National Ignition Facility
journal, January 2014


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Review of hydro-instability experiments with alternate capsule supports in indirect-drive implosions on the National Ignition Facility
    journal, July 2018

    • Smalyuk, V. A.; Robey, H. F.; Alday, C. L.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 25, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5042081

    Hydro-instability growth of perturbation seeds from alternate capsule-support strategies in indirect-drive implosions on National Ignition Facility
    journal, October 2017

    • Martinez, D. A.; Smalyuk, V. A.; MacPhee, A. G.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4995568

    Turbulent mixing and transition criteria of flows induced by hydrodynamic instabilities
    journal, August 2019

    • Zhou, Ye; Clark, Timothy T.; Clark, Daniel S.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5088745

    Development of new platforms for hydrodynamic instability and asymmetry measurements in deceleration phase of indirectly driven implosions on NIF
    journal, August 2018

    • Pickworth, L. A.; Hammel, B. A.; Smalyuk, V. A.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 25, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5039744

    X-ray penumbral imaging diagnostic developments at the National Ignition Facility
    conference, September 2017

    • Felker, Sean J.; Bachmann, Benjamin; Abu Shawareb, Hatim
    • Target Diagnostics Physics and Engineering for Inertial Confinement Fusion VI
    • DOI: 10.1117/12.2274611

    Rayleigh–Taylor instabilities in high-energy density settings on the National Ignition Facility
    journal, June 2018

    • Remington, Bruce A.; Park, Hye-Sook; Casey, Daniel T.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 116, Issue 37
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1717236115

    Measurement of the sound speed in dense fluid deuterium along the cryogenic liquid Hugoniot
    journal, January 2019

    • Fratanduono, D. E.; Millot, M.; Fernandez Pañella, A.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5053994

    Review of hydrodynamic instability experiments in inertially confined fusion implosions on National Ignition Facility
    journal, October 2019

    • Smalyuk, V. A.; Weber, C. R.; Landen, O. L.
    • Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, Vol. 62, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6587/ab49f4