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Title: Verification of long wavelength electromagnetic modes with a gyrokinetic-fluid hybrid model in the XGC code

Abstract

As an alternative option to kinetic electrons, the gyrokinetic total-f particle-in-cell (PIC) code XGC1 has been extended to the MHD/fluid type electromagnetic regime by combining gyrokinetic PIC ions with massless drift-fluid electrons. Here, two representative long wavelength modes, shear Alfven waves and resistive tearing modes, are verified in cylindrical and toroidal magnetic field geometries.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3];  [3];  [4]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. Intel Corp., Santa Clara, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21)
OSTI Identifier:
1367335
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1361889; OSTI ID: 1440950
Report Number(s):
PPPL-5394
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; PHPAEN
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-09CH11466; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; finite-elements; simulations; plasma; perturbations; instabilities; algorithm; transport; tokamaks

Citation Formats

Hager, Robert, Lang, Jianying, Chang, C. S., Ku, S., Chen, Y., Parker, S. E., and Adams, M. F. Verification of long wavelength electromagnetic modes with a gyrokinetic-fluid hybrid model in the XGC code. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4983320.
Hager, Robert, Lang, Jianying, Chang, C. S., Ku, S., Chen, Y., Parker, S. E., & Adams, M. F. Verification of long wavelength electromagnetic modes with a gyrokinetic-fluid hybrid model in the XGC code. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4983320.
Hager, Robert, Lang, Jianying, Chang, C. S., Ku, S., Chen, Y., Parker, S. E., and Adams, M. F. Wed . "Verification of long wavelength electromagnetic modes with a gyrokinetic-fluid hybrid model in the XGC code". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4983320. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1367335.
@article{osti_1367335,
title = {Verification of long wavelength electromagnetic modes with a gyrokinetic-fluid hybrid model in the XGC code},
author = {Hager, Robert and Lang, Jianying and Chang, C. S. and Ku, S. and Chen, Y. and Parker, S. E. and Adams, M. F.},
abstractNote = {As an alternative option to kinetic electrons, the gyrokinetic total-f particle-in-cell (PIC) code XGC1 has been extended to the MHD/fluid type electromagnetic regime by combining gyrokinetic PIC ions with massless drift-fluid electrons. Here, two representative long wavelength modes, shear Alfven waves and resistive tearing modes, are verified in cylindrical and toroidal magnetic field geometries.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4983320},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 5,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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journal, July 2012

  • Cai, Huishan; Fu, Guoyong
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Beta scaling of transport in microturbulence simulations
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Studies of Internal Disruptions and m = 1 Oscillations in Tokamak Discharges with Soft—X-Ray Tecniques
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Electromagnetic gyrokinetic-ion drift-fluid-electron hybrid simulation
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Scaling to 150K cores: Recent algorithm and performance engineering developments enabling XGC1 to run at scale
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Pullback transformation in gyrokinetic electromagnetic simulations
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  • Mishchenko, Alexey; Könies, Axel; Kleiber, Ralf
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Comparison of initial value and eigenvalue codes for kinetic toroidal plasma instabilities
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Conventional δf-particle simulations of electromagnetic perturbations with finite elements
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An energy- and charge-conserving, nonlinearly implicit, electromagnetic 1D-3V Vlasov–Darwin particle-in-cell algorithm
journal, October 2014


A δf particle method for gyrokinetic simulations with kinetic electrons and electromagnetic perturbations
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A gyrokinetic ion zero electron inertia fluid electron model for turbulence simulations
journal, February 2001

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  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1335584

Tearing modes in toroidal geometry
journal, January 1988

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Three dimensional nonlinear simulations of edge localized modes on the EAST tokamak using BOUT++ code
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  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4895799

Shear-Alfvén waves in gyrokinetic plasmas
journal, October 2001

  • Lee, W. W.; Lewandowski, J. L. V.; Hahm, T. S.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1400124

BOUT++: A framework for parallel plasma fluid simulations
journal, September 2009


Microwave Imaging Reflectometry for the study of Edge Harmonic Oscillations on DIII-D
journal, October 2015


A curvilinear, fully implicit, conservative electromagnetic PIC algorithm in multiple dimensions
journal, July 2016


ELMs: MHD instabilities at the transport barrier
journal, November 2005


Gyrokinetic turbulence simulations at high plasma beta
journal, October 2008

  • Pueschel, M. J.; Kammerer, M.; Jenko, F.
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Electromagnetic gyrokinetic PIC simulation with an adjustable control variates method
journal, July 2007


A new hybrid-Lagrangian numerical scheme for gyrokinetic simulation of tokamak edge plasma
journal, June 2016


Finite Larmor radius effects on the (m = 2, n = 1) cylindrical tearing mode
journal, April 2015

  • Chen, Y.; Chowdhury, J.; Parker, S. E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4919023

Global hybrid simulations of energetic particle effects on the n=1 mode in tokamaks: Internal kink and fishbone instability
journal, May 2006

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Calculations of two-fluid magnetohydrodynamic axisymmetric steady-states
journal, November 2009


New variables for gyrokinetic electromagnetic simulations
journal, May 2014

  • Mishchenko, Alexey; Cole, Michael; Kleiber, Ralf
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4880560

Mesh generation for confined fusion plasma simulation
journal, September 2015


Bézier surfaces and finite elements for MHD simulations
journal, August 2008


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Mesh generation for confined fusion plasma simulation
    journal, September 2015


    Pullback transformation in gyrokinetic electromagnetic simulations
    journal, September 2014

    • Mishchenko, Alexey; Könies, Axel; Kleiber, Ralf
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4895501

    Bézier surfaces and finite elements for MHD simulations
    journal, August 2008


    A new hybrid-Lagrangian numerical scheme for gyrokinetic simulation of tokamak edge plasma
    journal, June 2016


    Tearing modes in toroidal geometry
    journal, January 1988

    • Connor, J. W.; Cowley, S. C.; Hastie, R. J.
    • Physics of Fluids, Vol. 31, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.866840

    New variables for gyrokinetic electromagnetic simulations
    journal, May 2014

    • Mishchenko, Alexey; Cole, Michael; Kleiber, Ralf
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4880560

    A curvilinear, fully implicit, conservative electromagnetic PIC algorithm in multiple dimensions
    journal, July 2016


    Massively parallel modeling of the sawtooth instability in tokamaks
    journal, September 2006


    Calculations of two-fluid magnetohydrodynamic axisymmetric steady-states
    journal, November 2009


    Finite Larmor radius effects on the (m = 2, n = 1) cylindrical tearing mode
    journal, April 2015

    • Chen, Y.; Chowdhury, J.; Parker, S. E.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4919023

    Hybrid simulation of energetic particle effects on tearing modes in tokamak plasmas
    journal, July 2012

    • Cai, Huishan; Fu, Guoyong
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4736956

    BOUT++: A framework for parallel plasma fluid simulations
    journal, September 2009


    Numerical study of tokamak equilibria with arbitrary flow
    journal, February 2004

    • Guazzotto, L.; Betti, R.; Manickam, J.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 11, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1637918

    Scaling to 150K cores: Recent algorithm and performance engineering developments enabling XGC1 to run at scale
    journal, July 2009


    Conventional δf-particle simulations of electromagnetic perturbations with finite elements
    journal, December 2004

    • Mishchenko, Alexey; Hatzky, Roman; Könies, Axel
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 11, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1812275

    XGC
    software, June 2018


    Global hybrid simulations of energetic particle effects on the n=1 mode in tokamaks: Internal kink and fishbone instability
    journal, May 2006

    • Fu, G. Y.; Park, W.; Strauss, H. R.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 13, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.2203604

    Beta scaling of transport in microturbulence simulations
    journal, July 2005


    Electromagnetic gyrokinetic PIC simulation with an adjustable control variates method
    journal, July 2007


    A gyrokinetic ion zero electron inertia fluid electron model for turbulence simulations
    journal, February 2001

    • Chen, Yang; Parker, Scott
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1335584

    Three dimensional nonlinear simulations of edge localized modes on the EAST tokamak using BOUT++ code
    journal, September 2014

    • Liu, Z. X.; Xu, X. Q.; Gao, X.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4895799

    Gyrokinetic turbulence simulations at high plasma beta
    journal, October 2008

    • Pueschel, M. J.; Kammerer, M.; Jenko, F.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 15, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3005380

    Shear-Alfvén waves in gyrokinetic plasmas
    journal, October 2001

    • Lee, W. W.; Lewandowski, J. L. V.; Hahm, T. S.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1400124

    An energy- and charge-conserving, nonlinearly implicit, electromagnetic 1D-3V Vlasov–Darwin particle-in-cell algorithm
    journal, October 2014