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Title: Burning lithium in CS2 for high-performing compact Li2S–graphene nanocapsules for Li–S–batteries

Abstract

Here, tremendous efforts have been made to design the cathode of Li–S batteries to improve their energy density and cycling life. However, challenges remain in achieving fast electronic and ionic transport while accommodating the significant cathode volumetric change, especially for the cathode with a high practical mass loading. Here we report a cathode architecture, which is constructed by burning lithium foils in a CS2 vapour. The obtained structure features crystalline Li2S nanoparticles wrapped by few-layer graphene (Li2S@graphene nanocapsules). Because of the improvement on the volumetric efficiency for accommodating sulfur active species and electrical properties, the cathode design enables promising electrochemical performance. More notably, at a loading of 10 mgLi2S cm–2, the electrode exhibits a high reversible capacity of 1,160 mAh g–1s, namely, an area capacity of 8.1 mAh cm–2. Li2S@graphene cathode demonstrates a great potential for Li-ion batteries, where the Li2S@graphene-cathode//graphite-anode cell displays a high capacity of 730 mAh g–1s as well as stable cycle performance.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States)
  3. The Univ. of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1366717
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; graphene; Li2S; lithium sulfur batteries; metallothermic reaction; batteries; electrochemistry; materials for energy and catalysis

Citation Formats

Tan, Guoqiang, Xu, Rui, Xing, Zhenyu, Yuan, Yifei, Lu, Jun, Wen, Jianguo, Liu, Cong, Ma, Lu, Zhan, Chun, Liu, Qi, Wu, Tianpin, Jian, Zelang, Shahbazian-Yassar, Reza, Ren, Yang, Miller, Dean J., Curtiss, Larry A., Ji, Xiulei, and Amine, Khalil. Burning lithium in CS2 for high-performing compact Li2S–graphene nanocapsules for Li–S–batteries. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2017.90.
Tan, Guoqiang, Xu, Rui, Xing, Zhenyu, Yuan, Yifei, Lu, Jun, Wen, Jianguo, Liu, Cong, Ma, Lu, Zhan, Chun, Liu, Qi, Wu, Tianpin, Jian, Zelang, Shahbazian-Yassar, Reza, Ren, Yang, Miller, Dean J., Curtiss, Larry A., Ji, Xiulei, & Amine, Khalil. Burning lithium in CS2 for high-performing compact Li2S–graphene nanocapsules for Li–S–batteries. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2017.90
Tan, Guoqiang, Xu, Rui, Xing, Zhenyu, Yuan, Yifei, Lu, Jun, Wen, Jianguo, Liu, Cong, Ma, Lu, Zhan, Chun, Liu, Qi, Wu, Tianpin, Jian, Zelang, Shahbazian-Yassar, Reza, Ren, Yang, Miller, Dean J., Curtiss, Larry A., Ji, Xiulei, and Amine, Khalil. Mon . "Burning lithium in CS2 for high-performing compact Li2S–graphene nanocapsules for Li–S–batteries". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2017.90. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1366717.
@article{osti_1366717,
title = {Burning lithium in CS2 for high-performing compact Li2S–graphene nanocapsules for Li–S–batteries},
author = {Tan, Guoqiang and Xu, Rui and Xing, Zhenyu and Yuan, Yifei and Lu, Jun and Wen, Jianguo and Liu, Cong and Ma, Lu and Zhan, Chun and Liu, Qi and Wu, Tianpin and Jian, Zelang and Shahbazian-Yassar, Reza and Ren, Yang and Miller, Dean J. and Curtiss, Larry A. and Ji, Xiulei and Amine, Khalil},
abstractNote = {Here, tremendous efforts have been made to design the cathode of Li–S batteries to improve their energy density and cycling life. However, challenges remain in achieving fast electronic and ionic transport while accommodating the significant cathode volumetric change, especially for the cathode with a high practical mass loading. Here we report a cathode architecture, which is constructed by burning lithium foils in a CS2 vapour. The obtained structure features crystalline Li2S nanoparticles wrapped by few-layer graphene (Li2S@graphene nanocapsules). Because of the improvement on the volumetric efficiency for accommodating sulfur active species and electrical properties, the cathode design enables promising electrochemical performance. More notably, at a loading of 10 mgLi2S cm–2, the electrode exhibits a high reversible capacity of 1,160 mAh g–1s, namely, an area capacity of 8.1 mAh cm–2. Li2S@graphene cathode demonstrates a great potential for Li-ion batteries, where the Li2S@graphene-cathode//graphite-anode cell displays a high capacity of 730 mAh g–1s as well as stable cycle performance.},
doi = {10.1038/nenergy.2017.90},
journal = {Nature Energy},
number = ,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 25
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta01483c

    A rechargeable metal-free full-liquid sulfur–bromine battery for sustainable energy storage
    journal, January 2018

    • Wang, Lina; Wang, Xiaofei; Liu, Jingyuan
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 42
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta07951j

    Vanadium dioxide–reduced graphene oxide binary host as an efficient polysulfide plague for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries
    journal, January 2019

    • Li, Sha; Cen, Yuan; Xiang, Qin
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta10422k

    A new high-capacity and safe energy storage system: lithium-ion sulfur batteries
    journal, January 2019

    • Liang, Xin; Yun, Jufeng; Wang, Yong
    • Nanoscale, Vol. 11, Issue 41
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9nr05670j

    A facile synthetic approach to nanostructured Li 2 S cathodes for rechargeable solid-state Li–S batteries
    journal, January 2019

    • El-Shinawi, Hany; Cussen, Edmund J.; Corr, Serena A.
    • Nanoscale, Vol. 11, Issue 41
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9nr06239d

    Enhanced Na + pseudocapacitance in a P, S co-doped carbon anode arising from the surface modification by sulfur and phosphorus with C–S–P coupling
    journal, January 2020

    • Yan, Jie; Li, Wei; Feng, Pingyuan
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta11594c

    A flexible, hierarchically porous PANI/MnO 2 network with fast channels and an extraordinary chemical process for stable fast-charging lithium–sulfur batteries
    journal, January 2020

    • Zhang, Yunjing; Liu, Xiaolin; Wu, Liang
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta12135h

    Review—Li Metal Anode in Working Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
    journal, June 2017

    • Cheng, Xin-Bing; Huang, Jia-Qi; Zhang, Qiang
    • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1149/2.0111801jes

    Rational Design of a Dual-Function Hybrid Cathode Substrate for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
    journal, June 2018

    • Luo, Liu; Chung, Sheng-Heng; Manthiram, Arumugam
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201801014

    Nickel–Cobalt Double Hydroxide as a Multifunctional Mediator for Ultrahigh‐Rate and Ultralong‐Life Li–S Batteries
    journal, October 2018

    • Zhang, Long; Chen, Zhongxin; Dongfang, Nanchen
    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 35
    • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201802431

    Silica Restricting the Sulfur Volatilization of Nickel Sulfide for High‐Performance Lithium‐Ion Batteries
    journal, October 2019


    Advanced Li 2 S/Si Full Battery Enabled by TiN Polysulfide Immobilizer
    journal, October 2019