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Title: Optical manipulation of valley pseudospin

Abstract

The coherent manipulation of spin and pseudospin underlies existing and emerging quantum technologies, including quantum communication and quantum computation. Valley polarization, associated with the occupancy of degenerate, but quantum mechanically distinct valleys in momentum space, closely resembles spin polarization and has been proposed as a pseudospin carrier for the future quantum electronics. Valley exciton polarization has been created in the transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers using excitation by circularly polarized light and has been detected both optically and electrically. In addition, the existence of coherence in the valley pseudospin has been identified experimentally. The manipulation of such valley coherence has, however, remained out of reach. In this paper, we demonstrate all-optical control of the valley coherence by means of the pseudomagnetic field associated with the optical Stark effect. Using below-bandgap circularly polarized light, we rotate the valley exciton pseudospin in monolayer WSe2 on the femtosecond timescale. Both the direction and speed of the rotation can be manipulated optically by tuning the dynamic phase of excitons in opposite valleys. Finally, this study unveils the possibility of generation, manipulation, and detection of the valley pseudospin by coupling to photons.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Applied Physics. Dept. of Photon Science; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); W. M. Keck Foundation (United States); Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1361075
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; GBMF4545
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1745-2473
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Ultrafast photonics; Two-dimensional materials; Quantum optics

Citation Formats

Ye, Ziliang, Sun, Dezheng, and Heinz, Tony F. Optical manipulation of valley pseudospin. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/NPHYS3891.
Ye, Ziliang, Sun, Dezheng, & Heinz, Tony F. Optical manipulation of valley pseudospin. United States. doi:10.1038/NPHYS3891.
Ye, Ziliang, Sun, Dezheng, and Heinz, Tony F. Mon . "Optical manipulation of valley pseudospin". United States. doi:10.1038/NPHYS3891. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1361075.
@article{osti_1361075,
title = {Optical manipulation of valley pseudospin},
author = {Ye, Ziliang and Sun, Dezheng and Heinz, Tony F.},
abstractNote = {The coherent manipulation of spin and pseudospin underlies existing and emerging quantum technologies, including quantum communication and quantum computation. Valley polarization, associated with the occupancy of degenerate, but quantum mechanically distinct valleys in momentum space, closely resembles spin polarization and has been proposed as a pseudospin carrier for the future quantum electronics. Valley exciton polarization has been created in the transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers using excitation by circularly polarized light and has been detected both optically and electrically. In addition, the existence of coherence in the valley pseudospin has been identified experimentally. The manipulation of such valley coherence has, however, remained out of reach. In this paper, we demonstrate all-optical control of the valley coherence by means of the pseudomagnetic field associated with the optical Stark effect. Using below-bandgap circularly polarized light, we rotate the valley exciton pseudospin in monolayer WSe2 on the femtosecond timescale. Both the direction and speed of the rotation can be manipulated optically by tuning the dynamic phase of excitons in opposite valleys. Finally, this study unveils the possibility of generation, manipulation, and detection of the valley pseudospin by coupling to photons.},
doi = {10.1038/NPHYS3891},
journal = {Nature Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 28 works
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Controlling valley splitting and polarization of dark- and bi-excitons in monolayer WS 2 by a tilted magnetic field
    journal, July 2019


    Controlling valley splitting and polarization of dark- and bi-excitons in monolayer WS 2 by a tilted magnetic field
    journal, July 2019