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Title: Design and engineering of a target for x-ray Thomson scattering measurements on matter at extreme densities and gigabar pressures

Reconciling the experimental and system requirements during the development of a new target system is one of the most challenging tasks in the design and engineering of targets used in the National Ignition Facility. Targets for the GigaBar 3 campaign were meant to allow the detection of extremely weak Thomson scattering from matter at extreme densities in the face of very bright backlighter and laser entry hole plasma emissions. The problem was to shield the detector sufficiently while maintaining beamline and view clearances, and observing target mass restrictions. A new construction process, based on a rapid prototype frame structure, was used to develop this target. As a result, details of the design process for these targets are described, and lessons from this development for production and target assembly teams are discussed.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. General Atomics, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany)
  6. Schafer Corp., Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1536-1055; TRN: US1701820
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Fusion Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 70; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1536-1055
American Nuclear Society
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 42 ENGINEERING; NIF targets; precision engineering; x-ray Thomson scattering
OSTI Identifier: