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Title: Environmental dependence of the galaxy stellar mass function in the Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data

Measurements of the galaxy stellar mass function are crucial to understand the formation of galaxies in the Universe. In a hierarchical clustering paradigm it is plausible that there is a connection between the properties of galaxies and their environments. Evidence for environmental trends has been established in the local Universe. The Dark Energy Survey (DES) provides large photometric datasets that enable further investigation of the assembly of mass. In this study we use ~3.2 million galaxies from the (South Pole Telescope) SPT-East field in the DES science verification (SV) dataset. From grizY photometry we derive galaxy stellar masses and absolute magnitudes, and determine the errors on these properties using Monte-Carlo simulations using the full photometric redshift probability distributions. We compute galaxy environments using a fixed conical aperture for a range of scales. We construct galaxy environment probability distribution functions and investigate the dependence of the environment errors on the aperture parameters. We compute the environment components of the galaxy stellar mass function for the redshift range 0.15 < z < 1.05. For z < 0.75 we find that the fraction of massive galaxies is larger in high density environment than in low density environments. We show that the low densitymore » and high density components converge with increasing redshift up to z ~ 1.0 where the shapes of the mass function components are indistinguishable. As a result, our study shows how high density structures build up around massive galaxies through cosmic time.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-17-021-AE; arXiv:1701.06066
Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711; 1510228
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359; AC02-76SF00515; AST-1138766; AYA2012-39559; ESP2013-48274; FPA2013-47986; SEV-2012-0234; 240672; 291329; 306478
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 466; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Orgs:
DES Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; galaxies: clusters: general; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: formation; galaxies: photometry; galaxies: statistics
OSTI Identifier:
1341877
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1360914

Etherington, J., Thomas, D., Maraston, C., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Bechtol, K., Pforr, J., Pellegrini, P., Gschwend, J., Carnero Rosell, A., Maia, M. A. G., da Costa, L. N., Benoit-Lévy, A., Swanson, M. E. C., Hartley, W. G., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Bernstein, R. A., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., Desai, S., Doel, P., Eifler, T. F., Evrard, A. E., Fausti Neto, A., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lima, M., Martini, P., Melchior, P., Miquel, R., Mohr, J. J., Nord, B., Ogando, R., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Rykoff, E. S., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schubnell, M., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Tarle, G., Vikram, V., Walker, A. R., and Zhang, Y.. Environmental dependence of the galaxy stellar mass function in the Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw3069.
Etherington, J., Thomas, D., Maraston, C., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Bechtol, K., Pforr, J., Pellegrini, P., Gschwend, J., Carnero Rosell, A., Maia, M. A. G., da Costa, L. N., Benoit-Lévy, A., Swanson, M. E. C., Hartley, W. G., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Bernstein, R. A., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., Desai, S., Doel, P., Eifler, T. F., Evrard, A. E., Fausti Neto, A., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lima, M., Martini, P., Melchior, P., Miquel, R., Mohr, J. J., Nord, B., Ogando, R., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Rykoff, E. S., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schubnell, M., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Tarle, G., Vikram, V., Walker, A. R., & Zhang, Y.. Environmental dependence of the galaxy stellar mass function in the Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw3069.
Etherington, J., Thomas, D., Maraston, C., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Bechtol, K., Pforr, J., Pellegrini, P., Gschwend, J., Carnero Rosell, A., Maia, M. A. G., da Costa, L. N., Benoit-Lévy, A., Swanson, M. E. C., Hartley, W. G., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Bernstein, R. A., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., Desai, S., Doel, P., Eifler, T. F., Evrard, A. E., Fausti Neto, A., Finley, D. A., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lima, M., Martini, P., Melchior, P., Miquel, R., Mohr, J. J., Nord, B., Ogando, R., Plazas, A. A., Romer, A. K., Rykoff, E. S., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schubnell, M., Smith, R. C., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Tarle, G., Vikram, V., Walker, A. R., and Zhang, Y.. 2016. "Environmental dependence of the galaxy stellar mass function in the Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw3069. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1341877.
@article{osti_1341877,
title = {Environmental dependence of the galaxy stellar mass function in the Dark Energy Survey Science Verification Data},
author = {Etherington, J. and Thomas, D. and Maraston, C. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Bechtol, K. and Pforr, J. and Pellegrini, P. and Gschwend, J. and Carnero Rosell, A. and Maia, M. A. G. and da Costa, L. N. and Benoit-Lévy, A. and Swanson, M. E. C. and Hartley, W. G. and Abbott, T. M. C. and Abdalla, F. B. and Allam, S. and Bernstein, R. A. and Bertin, E. and Brooks, D. and Buckley-Geer, E. and Carrasco Kind, M. and Carretero, J. and Castander, F. J. and Crocce, M. and Cunha, C. E. and Desai, S. and Doel, P. and Eifler, T. F. and Evrard, A. E. and Fausti Neto, A. and Finley, D. A. and Flaugher, B. and Fosalba, P. and Frieman, J. and Gerdes, D. W. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gutierrez, G. and Honscheid, K. and James, D. J. and Kuehn, K. and Kuropatkin, N. and Lahav, O. and Lima, M. and Martini, P. and Melchior, P. and Miquel, R. and Mohr, J. J. and Nord, B. and Ogando, R. and Plazas, A. A. and Romer, A. K. and Rykoff, E. S. and Sanchez, E. and Scarpine, V. and Schubnell, M. and Smith, R. C. and Soares-Santos, M. and Sobreira, F. and Tarle, G. and Vikram, V. and Walker, A. R. and Zhang, Y.},
abstractNote = {Measurements of the galaxy stellar mass function are crucial to understand the formation of galaxies in the Universe. In a hierarchical clustering paradigm it is plausible that there is a connection between the properties of galaxies and their environments. Evidence for environmental trends has been established in the local Universe. The Dark Energy Survey (DES) provides large photometric datasets that enable further investigation of the assembly of mass. In this study we use ~3.2 million galaxies from the (South Pole Telescope) SPT-East field in the DES science verification (SV) dataset. From grizY photometry we derive galaxy stellar masses and absolute magnitudes, and determine the errors on these properties using Monte-Carlo simulations using the full photometric redshift probability distributions. We compute galaxy environments using a fixed conical aperture for a range of scales. We construct galaxy environment probability distribution functions and investigate the dependence of the environment errors on the aperture parameters. We compute the environment components of the galaxy stellar mass function for the redshift range 0.15 < z < 1.05. For z < 0.75 we find that the fraction of massive galaxies is larger in high density environment than in low density environments. We show that the low density and high density components converge with increasing redshift up to z ~ 1.0 where the shapes of the mass function components are indistinguishable. As a result, our study shows how high density structures build up around massive galaxies through cosmic time.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stw3069},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 1,
volume = 466,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {1}
}