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Title: Fast evolving pair-instability supernovae

Abstract

With an increasing number of superluminous supernovae (SLSNe) discovered the ques- tion of their origin remains open and causes heated debates in the supernova commu- nity. Currently, there are three proposed mechanisms for SLSNe: (1) pair-instability supernovae (PISN), (2) magnetar-driven supernovae, and (3) models in which the su- pernova ejecta interacts with a circumstellar material ejected before the explosion. Based on current observations of SLSNe, the PISN origin has been disfavoured for a number of reasons. Many PISN models provide overly broad light curves and too reddened spectra, because of massive ejecta and a high amount of nickel. In the cur- rent study we re-examine PISN properties using progenitor models computed with the GENEC code. We calculate supernova explosions with FLASH and light curve evolu- tion with the radiation hydrodynamics code STELLA. We find that high-mass models (200 M⊙ and 250 M⊙) at relatively high metallicity (Z=0.001) do not retain hydro- gen in the outer layers and produce relatively fast evolving PISNe Type I and might be suitable to explain some SLSNe. We also investigate uncertainties in light curve modelling due to codes, opacities, the nickel-bubble effect and progenitor structure and composition.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [5];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12]
  1. Keele Univ. (United Kingdom); Tel Aviv Univ., Ramat Aviv (Israel)
  2. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
  3. Keele Univ. (United Kingdom); Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
  4. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan); Inst. of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), Moscow (Russian Federation); VNIIA, Moscow (Russian Federation)
  5. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  6. Max Planck Society, Garching (Germany). Max Planck Inst. for Astrophysik
  7. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
  8. Monash Univ., Melbourne, VIC (Australia); Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China); Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
  9. Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem (Israel). Racah Inst. of Physics
  10. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
  11. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)
  12. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan); Inst. of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), Moscow (Russian Federation); Moscow State Univ., Moscow (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1338775
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-16-21460
Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711; TRN: US1701569
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 464; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Supernovae; Stars

Citation Formats

Kozyreva, Alexandra, Gilmer, Matthew, Hirschi, Raphael, Frohlich, Carla, Blinnikov, Sergey, Wollaeger, Ryan Thomas, Noebauer, Ulrich M., van Rossum, Daniel R., Heger, Alexander, Even, Wesley Paul, Waldman, Roni, Tolstov, Alexey, Chatzopoulos, Emmanouil, and Sorokina, Elena. Fast evolving pair-instability supernovae. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw2562.
Kozyreva, Alexandra, Gilmer, Matthew, Hirschi, Raphael, Frohlich, Carla, Blinnikov, Sergey, Wollaeger, Ryan Thomas, Noebauer, Ulrich M., van Rossum, Daniel R., Heger, Alexander, Even, Wesley Paul, Waldman, Roni, Tolstov, Alexey, Chatzopoulos, Emmanouil, & Sorokina, Elena. Fast evolving pair-instability supernovae. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw2562.
Kozyreva, Alexandra, Gilmer, Matthew, Hirschi, Raphael, Frohlich, Carla, Blinnikov, Sergey, Wollaeger, Ryan Thomas, Noebauer, Ulrich M., van Rossum, Daniel R., Heger, Alexander, Even, Wesley Paul, Waldman, Roni, Tolstov, Alexey, Chatzopoulos, Emmanouil, and Sorokina, Elena. Thu . "Fast evolving pair-instability supernovae". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw2562. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1338775.
@article{osti_1338775,
title = {Fast evolving pair-instability supernovae},
author = {Kozyreva, Alexandra and Gilmer, Matthew and Hirschi, Raphael and Frohlich, Carla and Blinnikov, Sergey and Wollaeger, Ryan Thomas and Noebauer, Ulrich M. and van Rossum, Daniel R. and Heger, Alexander and Even, Wesley Paul and Waldman, Roni and Tolstov, Alexey and Chatzopoulos, Emmanouil and Sorokina, Elena},
abstractNote = {With an increasing number of superluminous supernovae (SLSNe) discovered the ques- tion of their origin remains open and causes heated debates in the supernova commu- nity. Currently, there are three proposed mechanisms for SLSNe: (1) pair-instability supernovae (PISN), (2) magnetar-driven supernovae, and (3) models in which the su- pernova ejecta interacts with a circumstellar material ejected before the explosion. Based on current observations of SLSNe, the PISN origin has been disfavoured for a number of reasons. Many PISN models provide overly broad light curves and too reddened spectra, because of massive ejecta and a high amount of nickel. In the cur- rent study we re-examine PISN properties using progenitor models computed with the GENEC code. We calculate supernova explosions with FLASH and light curve evolu- tion with the radiation hydrodynamics code STELLA. We find that high-mass models (200 M⊙ and 250 M⊙) at relatively high metallicity (Z=0.001) do not retain hydro- gen in the outer layers and produce relatively fast evolving PISNe Type I and might be suitable to explain some SLSNe. We also investigate uncertainties in light curve modelling due to codes, opacities, the nickel-bubble effect and progenitor structure and composition.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stw2562},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 3,
volume = 464,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}

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    Synthetic spectra of energetic core-collapse supernovae and the early spectra of SN 2007bi and SN 1999as
    journal, January 2019

    • Moriya, Takashi J.; Mazzali, Paolo A.; Tanaka, Masaomi
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 484, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz262

    Detecting strongly lensed supernovae at z ∼ 5–7 with LSST
    journal, November 2019

    • Rydberg, Claes-Erik; Whalen, Daniel J.; Maturi, Matteo
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 491, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz3203

    The Magnetar Model for Type I Superluminous Supernovae. I. Bayesian Analysis of the Full Multicolor Light-curve Sample with MOSFiT
    journal, November 2017

    • Nicholl, Matt; Guillochon, James; Berger, Edo
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 850, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa9334

    Studying the Ultraviolet Spectrum of the First Spectroscopically Confirmed Supernova at Redshift Two
    journal, February 2018


    A Statistical Approach to Identify Superluminous Supernovae and Probe Their Diversity
    journal, February 2018


    Spectra of Hydrogen-poor Superluminous Supernovae from the Palomar Transient Factory
    journal, February 2018

    • Quimby, Robert M.; Cia, Annalisa De; Gal-Yam, Avishay
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 855, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aaac2f

    Jets in Hydrogen-poor Superluminous Supernovae: Constraints from a Comprehensive Analysis of Radio Observations
    journal, March 2018

    • Coppejans, D. L.; Margutti, R.; Guidorzi, C.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 856, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aab36e

    Related Progenitor Models for Long-duration Gamma-Ray Bursts and Type Ic Superluminous Supernovae
    journal, May 2018

    • Aguilera-Dena, David R.; Langer, Norbert; Moriya, Takashi J.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 858, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aabfc1

    The Low Detection Rate of Pair–instability Supernovae and the Effect of the Core Carbon Fraction
    journal, August 2018


    Systematic Investigation of the Fallback Accretion-powered Model for Hydrogen-poor Superluminous Supernovae
    journal, November 2018

    • Moriya, Takashi J.; Nicholl, Matt; Guillochon, James
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 867, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aae53d

    Synthetic Spectra of Pair-instability Supernovae in 3D
    journal, April 2019

    • Chatzopoulos, E.; Gilmer, Matthew S.; Wollaeger, Ryan T.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 875, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab1082

    The Impact of Pair-instability Mass Loss on the Binary Black Hole Mass Distribution
    journal, September 2019

    • Stevenson, Simon; Sampson, Matthew; Powell, Jade
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 882, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab3981

    On the Observability of Individual Population III Stars and Their Stellar-mass Black Hole Accretion Disks through Cluster Caustic Transits
    journal, February 2018

    • Windhorst, Rogier A.; Timmes, F. X.; Wyithe, J. Stuart B.
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 234, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/aaa760