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Title: Using Perovskite Nanoparticles as Halide Reservoirs in Catalysis and as Spectrochemical Probes of Ions in Solution

The ability of cesium lead halide (CsPbX 3; X = Cl , Br , I ) perovskite nanoparticles (P-NPs) to participate in halide exchange reactions, to catalyze Finkelstein organohalide substitution reactions, and to colorimetrically monitor chemical reactions and detect anions in real time is described. With the use of tetraoctylammonium halide salts as a starting point, halide exchange with the P-NPs was performed to calibrate reactivity, stability, and extent of ion exchange. Also, the exchange of CsPbI 3 with Cl or Br causes a significant blue-shift in absorption and photoluminescence, whereas reacting I with CsPbBr 3 causes a red-shift of similar magnitudes. With the high local halide concentrations and the facile nature of halide exchange in mind, we then explored the ability of P-NPs to catalyze organohalide exchange in Finkelstein like reactions. Results indicate that the P-NPs serve as excellent halide reservoirs for substitution of organohalides in nonpolar media, leading to not only different organohalide products, but also a complementary color change over the course of the reaction, which can be used to monitor kinetics in a precise manner. Finally, the merits of using P-NP as spectrochemical probes for real time assaying is then expanded to othermore » anions which can react with, or result in unique, classes of perovskites.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Syracuse Univ., NY (United States). Department of Chemistry
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-112191-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851; KC0403020
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; anion exchange; chemical assay; colorimetric; CsPbX3; Finkelstein; lead halide; nano; perovskite; spectrochemical
OSTI Identifier:
1336037