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Title: Understanding Performance Limitations to Enable High Performance Magnesium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

We developed a mathematical model in order to investigate the performance limiting factors of Mg-ion battery with a Chevrel phase (MgxMo6S8) cathode and a Mg metal anode. Furthermore, the model was validated using experimental data from the literature [Cheng et al., Chem. Mater., 26, 4904 (2014)]. Two electrochemical reactions of the Chevrel phase with significantly different kinetics and solid diffusion were included in the porous electrode model, which captured the physics sufficiently well to generate charge curves of five rates (0.1C–2C) for two different particle sizes. Limitation analysis indicated that the solid diffusion and kinetics in the higher-voltage plateau limit the capacity and increase the overpotential in the Cheng et al.’s thin (20-μm) electrodes. The model reveals that the performance of the cells with reasonable thickness would also be subject to electrolyte-phase limitations. Finally, the simulation also suggested that the polarization losses on discharge will be lower than that on charge, because of the differences in the kinetics and solid diffusion between the two reactions of the Chevrel phase.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States). Joint Center for Energy Storage Research; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States). Joint Center for Energy Storage Research; Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States). Advanced Materials Lab.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1332914
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1439981
Report Number(s):
SAND2016-10779J
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651; 648600
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 163; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Kim, Sun Ung, Perdue, Brian, Apblett, Christopher A., and Srinivasan, Venkat. Understanding Performance Limitations to Enable High Performance Magnesium-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0321608jes.
Kim, Sun Ung, Perdue, Brian, Apblett, Christopher A., & Srinivasan, Venkat. Understanding Performance Limitations to Enable High Performance Magnesium-Ion Batteries. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0321608jes.
Kim, Sun Ung, Perdue, Brian, Apblett, Christopher A., and Srinivasan, Venkat. Wed . "Understanding Performance Limitations to Enable High Performance Magnesium-Ion Batteries". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0321608jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1332914.
@article{osti_1332914,
title = {Understanding Performance Limitations to Enable High Performance Magnesium-Ion Batteries},
author = {Kim, Sun Ung and Perdue, Brian and Apblett, Christopher A. and Srinivasan, Venkat},
abstractNote = {We developed a mathematical model in order to investigate the performance limiting factors of Mg-ion battery with a Chevrel phase (MgxMo6S8) cathode and a Mg metal anode. Furthermore, the model was validated using experimental data from the literature [Cheng et al., Chem. Mater., 26, 4904 (2014)]. Two electrochemical reactions of the Chevrel phase with significantly different kinetics and solid diffusion were included in the porous electrode model, which captured the physics sufficiently well to generate charge curves of five rates (0.1C–2C) for two different particle sizes. Limitation analysis indicated that the solid diffusion and kinetics in the higher-voltage plateau limit the capacity and increase the overpotential in the Cheng et al.’s thin (20-μm) electrodes. The model reveals that the performance of the cells with reasonable thickness would also be subject to electrolyte-phase limitations. Finally, the simulation also suggested that the polarization losses on discharge will be lower than that on charge, because of the differences in the kinetics and solid diffusion between the two reactions of the Chevrel phase.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0321608jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 8,
volume = 163,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

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