skip to main content


Title: Particle-in-cell simulations of electron beam control using an inductive current divider

Kinetic, time-dependent, electromagnetic, particle-in-cell simulations of the inductive current divider are presented. The inductive current divider is a passive method for controlling the trajectory of an intense, hollow electron beam using a vacuum structure that inductively splits the beam’s return current. The current divider concept was proposed and studied theoretically in a previous publication [Phys. Plasmas 22, 023107 (2015)] A central post carries a portion of the return current (I 1) while the outer conductor carries the remainder (I 2) with the injected beam current given by I b=I 1+I 2. The simulations are in agreement with the theory which predicts that the total force on the beam trajectory is proportional to (I 2-I 1) and the force on the beam envelope is proportional to I b. For a fixed central post, the beam trajectory is controlled by varying the outer conductor radius which changes the inductance in the return-current path. The simulations show that the beam emittance is approximately constant as the beam propagates through the current divider to the target. As a result, independent control over both the current density and the beam angle at the target is possible by choosing the appropriate return-current geometry.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1]
  1. Naval Research Lab. (NRL), Washington, DC (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; PHPAEN; 603700
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Science (NA-113)
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; surface charge; double layers; current density; anodes; cathodes
OSTI Identifier: