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Title: Magnetic properties of bulk, and rapidly solidified nanostructured (Nd 1-xCe x) 2Fe 14-yCo yB ribbons

Magnetic properties of Ce and Co co-doped (Nd 1-xCe x) 2Fe 14-yCo yB compounds have been investigated both in bulk polycrystalline and rapidly solidified nanostructured ribbon forms. For certain Ce concentrations the materials exhibit spin re-orientation transitions below 140 K. The Curie temperatures, saturation magnetizations, and other magnetic properties relevant for applications as permanent magnets are controlled by Ce and Co substitutions for Nd and Fe, respectively. Most importantly, the results show that Ce, Co co-doped compounds are excellent replacements for several Dy-based high performance permanent magnets (dysprosium is one of the critical elements and is, therefore, in short supply). As a result, the high temperature (>375 K) magnetic properties for Nd–Ce–Fe–Co–B based alloys show promise not only as a replacement for Dy-doped Nd 2Fe 14B permanent magnets, but the new alloys also require significantly lower amounts of Nd, which too is the critical element that can be replaced by a more abundant Ce.
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  1. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454; PII: S1359645415007387
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Acta Materialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 103; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; permanent magnet; melt spun ribbons; maximum energy product
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1358701