Gauge turbulence, topological defect dynamics, and condensation in Higgs models
The realtime dynamics of topological defects and turbulent configurations of gauge fields for electric and magnetic confinement are studied numerically within a 2+1D Abelian Higgs model. It is shown that confinement is appearing in such systems equilibrating after a strong initial quench such as the overpopulation of the infrared modes. While the final equilibrium state does not support confinement, metastable vortex defect configurations appearing in the gauge field are found to be closely related to the appearance of physically observable confined electric and magnetic charges. These phenomena are seen to be intimately related to the approach of a nonthermal fixed point of the farfromequilibrium dynamical evolution, signaled by universal scaling in the gaugeinvariant correlation function of the Higgs field. Even when the parameters of the Higgs action do not support condensate formation in the vacuum, during this approach, transient Higgs condensation is observed. We discuss implications of these results for the farfromequilibrium dynamics of Yang–Mills fields and potential mechanisms of how confinement and condensation in nonAbelian gauge fields can be understood in terms of the dynamics of Higgs models. These suggest that there is an interesting new class of dynamics of strong coherent turbulent gauge fields with condensates.
 Authors:

^{[1]};
^{[2]};
^{[1]};
^{[1]}
 Heidelberg Univ. (Germany). Inst. for Theoretische Physik; GSIDarmstadt (Germany). ExtreMe Matter Inst. (EMMI)
 Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). RIKEN Research Center and Physics Dept.; China Central Normal Univ., Wuhan (China). Physics Dept.
 Publication Date:
 Report Number(s):
 BNL1073212015JA
Journal ID: ISSN 03759474; R&D Project: KB0301020
 Grant/Contract Number:
 AC0298CH10886; GA677/7/8; HA216/EMMI; ERCAdG290623
 Type:
 Accepted Manuscript
 Journal Name:
 Nuclear Physics. A
 Additional Journal Information:
 Journal Volume: 930; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 03759474
 Publisher:
 Elsevier
 Research Org:
 Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
 Sponsoring Org:
 USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC26)
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Condensate formation; Confinement; Farfromequilibrium dynamics; Nonthermal fixed points; Quark–gluon plasma
 OSTI Identifier:
 1176988
Gasenzer, Thomas, McLerran, Larry, Pawlowski, Jan M., and Sexty, Dénes. Gauge turbulence, topological defect dynamics, and condensation in Higgs models. United States: N. p.,
Web. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2014.07.030.
Gasenzer, Thomas, McLerran, Larry, Pawlowski, Jan M., & Sexty, Dénes. Gauge turbulence, topological defect dynamics, and condensation in Higgs models. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2014.07.030.
Gasenzer, Thomas, McLerran, Larry, Pawlowski, Jan M., and Sexty, Dénes. 2014.
"Gauge turbulence, topological defect dynamics, and condensation in Higgs models". United States.
doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2014.07.030. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1176988.
@article{osti_1176988,
title = {Gauge turbulence, topological defect dynamics, and condensation in Higgs models},
author = {Gasenzer, Thomas and McLerran, Larry and Pawlowski, Jan M. and Sexty, Dénes},
abstractNote = {The realtime dynamics of topological defects and turbulent configurations of gauge fields for electric and magnetic confinement are studied numerically within a 2+1D Abelian Higgs model. It is shown that confinement is appearing in such systems equilibrating after a strong initial quench such as the overpopulation of the infrared modes. While the final equilibrium state does not support confinement, metastable vortex defect configurations appearing in the gauge field are found to be closely related to the appearance of physically observable confined electric and magnetic charges. These phenomena are seen to be intimately related to the approach of a nonthermal fixed point of the farfromequilibrium dynamical evolution, signaled by universal scaling in the gaugeinvariant correlation function of the Higgs field. Even when the parameters of the Higgs action do not support condensate formation in the vacuum, during this approach, transient Higgs condensation is observed. We discuss implications of these results for the farfromequilibrium dynamics of Yang–Mills fields and potential mechanisms of how confinement and condensation in nonAbelian gauge fields can be understood in terms of the dynamics of Higgs models. These suggest that there is an interesting new class of dynamics of strong coherent turbulent gauge fields with condensates.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2014.07.030},
journal = {Nuclear Physics. A},
number = C,
volume = 930,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {7}
}