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Title: Thermally stable surfactants and compositions and methods of use thereof

Abstract

There are provided novel thermally stable surfactants for use with fillers in the preparation of polymer composites and nanocomposites. Typically, surfactants of the invention are urethanes, ureas or esters of thiocarbamic acid having a hydrocarbyl group of from 10 to 50 carbons and optionally including an ionizable or charged group (e.g., carboxyl group or quaternary amine). Thus, there are provided surfactants having Formula I: ##STR00001## wherein the variables are as defined herein. Further provided are methods of making thermally stable surfactants and compositions, including composites and nanocomposites, using fillers coated with the surfactants.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. Woodridge, IL
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
984972
Patent Number(s):
7420071
Application Number:
11/121,425
Assignee:
UChicago Argonne, LLC (Chicago, IL)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
C - CHEMISTRY C08 - ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS C08K - Use of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
C - CHEMISTRY C01 - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY C01P - INDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO STRUCTURAL AND PHYSICAL ASPECTS OF SOLID INORGANIC COMPOUNDS
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Chaiko, David J. Thermally stable surfactants and compositions and methods of use thereof. United States: N. p., 2008. Web.
Chaiko, David J. Thermally stable surfactants and compositions and methods of use thereof. United States.
Chaiko, David J. Tue . "Thermally stable surfactants and compositions and methods of use thereof". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/984972.
@article{osti_984972,
title = {Thermally stable surfactants and compositions and methods of use thereof},
author = {Chaiko, David J},
abstractNote = {There are provided novel thermally stable surfactants for use with fillers in the preparation of polymer composites and nanocomposites. Typically, surfactants of the invention are urethanes, ureas or esters of thiocarbamic acid having a hydrocarbyl group of from 10 to 50 carbons and optionally including an ionizable or charged group (e.g., carboxyl group or quaternary amine). Thus, there are provided surfactants having Formula I: ##STR00001## wherein the variables are as defined herein. Further provided are methods of making thermally stable surfactants and compositions, including composites and nanocomposites, using fillers coated with the surfactants.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {9}
}

Patent:

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Works referenced in this record:

Organophilic Bentonites. I. Swelling in Organic Liquids.
journal, February 1949


Preparation and Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene−Clay Hybrids
journal, October 1997


Liquid Crystalline Composite Based on a Clay Mineral
journal, May 1996

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