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Title: County-level Estimates for Carbon Distribution in U.S. Croplands, 1990-2005

Abstract

Net Primary Productivity (NPP) for croplands can be estimated using a statistical method that includes factors for dry weight, harvest indices, and root:shoot ratios multiplied by yield data from the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). This method has been documented and published by Prince et al. (2001), Hicke and Lobell (2004), and Hicke et al. (2004). We expanded this method by including factors for more crops and by using an estimated carbon content of 0.45 for agricultural crops to estimate (a) total net carbon uptake, (b) carbon in aboveground biomass, (c) carbon in belowground biomass, (d) carbon harvested and transported off site, and (e) the amount of carbon remaining on the surface following harvest. These five variables are included with their respective Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) codes for all counties in the contiguous U.S. from 1990-2005. A mean harvest efficiency of 0.95 was assumed across all crops. Total cropland NPP for the U.S. ranges from 378-527 Tg C yr-1 within years 1990-2005, and total carbon harvested and removed ranges from 161-228 Tg C yr-1 within years 1990-2005.

Authors:

  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Product Type:
Dataset
Research Org.:
Environmental System Science Data Infrastructure for a Virtual Ecosystem (ESS-DIVE) (United States); Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
OSTI Identifier:
1389529
DOI:
10.3334/CDIAC/TCM.012

Citation Formats

West, Tristram O. County-level Estimates for Carbon Distribution in U.S. Croplands, 1990-2005. United States: N. p., 2008. Web. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/TCM.012.
West, Tristram O. County-level Estimates for Carbon Distribution in U.S. Croplands, 1990-2005. United States. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/TCM.012.
West, Tristram O. 2008. "County-level Estimates for Carbon Distribution in U.S. Croplands, 1990-2005". United States. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/TCM.012. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1389529. Pub date:Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2008
@article{osti_1389529,
title = {County-level Estimates for Carbon Distribution in U.S. Croplands, 1990-2005},
author = {West, Tristram O.},
abstractNote = {Net Primary Productivity (NPP) for croplands can be estimated using a statistical method that includes factors for dry weight, harvest indices, and root:shoot ratios multiplied by yield data from the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). This method has been documented and published by Prince et al. (2001), Hicke and Lobell (2004), and Hicke et al. (2004). We expanded this method by including factors for more crops and by using an estimated carbon content of 0.45 for agricultural crops to estimate (a) total net carbon uptake, (b) carbon in aboveground biomass, (c) carbon in belowground biomass, (d) carbon harvested and transported off site, and (e) the amount of carbon remaining on the surface following harvest. These five variables are included with their respective Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) codes for all counties in the contiguous U.S. from 1990-2005. A mean harvest efficiency of 0.95 was assumed across all crops. Total cropland NPP for the U.S. ranges from 378-527 Tg C yr-1 within years 1990-2005, and total carbon harvested and removed ranges from 161-228 Tg C yr-1 within years 1990-2005.},
doi = {10.3334/CDIAC/TCM.012},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {1}
}