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Title: Shroud boundary condition characterization experiments at the Radiant Heat Facility.

Abstract

A series of experiments was performed to better characterize the boundary conditions from an inconel heat source ('shroud') painted with Pyromark black paint. Quantifying uncertainties in this type of experimental setup is crucial to providing information for comparisons with code predictions. The characterization of this boundary condition has applications in many scenarios related to fire simulation experiments performed at Sandia National Laboratories Radiant Heat Facility (RHF). Four phases of experiments were performed. Phase 1 results showed that a nominal 1000 C shroud temperature is repeatable to about 2 C. Repeatability of temperatures at individual points on the shroud show that temperatures do not vary more than 10 C from experiment to experiment. This variation results in a 6% difference in heat flux to a target 4 inches away. IR camera images showed the shroud was not at a uniform temperature, although the control temperature was constant to about {+-}2 C during a test. These images showed that a circular shaped, flat shroud with its edges supported by an insulated plate has a temperature distribution with higher temperatures at the edges and lower temperatures in the center. Differences between the center and edge temperatures were up to 75 C. Phase 3more » results showed that thermocouple (TC) bias errors are affected by coupling with the surrounding environment. The magnitude of TC error depends on the environment facing the TC. Phase 4 results were used to estimate correction factors for specific applications (40 and 63-mil diameter, ungrounded junction, mineral insulated, metal-sheathed TCs facing a cold surface). Correction factors of about 3.0-4.5% are recommended for 40 mil diameter TCs and 5.5-7.0% for 63 mil diameter TCs. When mounted on the cold side of the shroud, TCs read lower than the 'true' shroud temperature, and the TC reads high when on the hot side. An alternate method uses the average of a cold side and hot side TC of the same size to estimate the true shroud temperature. Phase 2 results compared IR camera measurements with TC measurements and measured values of Pyromark emissivity. Agreement was within measured uncertainties of the Pyromark paint emissivity and IR camera temperatures.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Laboratories
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
919650
Report Number(s):
SAND2004-5080
TRN: US200825%%259
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; BOUNDARY CONDITIONS; EMISSIVITY; HEAT FLUX; HEAT SOURCES; SHROUDS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION; TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT; PERFORMANCE; High temperature tests.; Heat-Transmission.; Thermal analysis.

Citation Formats

Suo-Anttila, Jill Marie, Nakos, James Thomas, and Gill, Walter. Shroud boundary condition characterization experiments at the Radiant Heat Facility.. United States: N. p., 2004. Web. doi:10.2172/919650.
Suo-Anttila, Jill Marie, Nakos, James Thomas, & Gill, Walter. Shroud boundary condition characterization experiments at the Radiant Heat Facility.. United States. doi:10.2172/919650.
Suo-Anttila, Jill Marie, Nakos, James Thomas, and Gill, Walter. Fri . "Shroud boundary condition characterization experiments at the Radiant Heat Facility.". United States. doi:10.2172/919650. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/919650.
@article{osti_919650,
title = {Shroud boundary condition characterization experiments at the Radiant Heat Facility.},
author = {Suo-Anttila, Jill Marie and Nakos, James Thomas and Gill, Walter},
abstractNote = {A series of experiments was performed to better characterize the boundary conditions from an inconel heat source ('shroud') painted with Pyromark black paint. Quantifying uncertainties in this type of experimental setup is crucial to providing information for comparisons with code predictions. The characterization of this boundary condition has applications in many scenarios related to fire simulation experiments performed at Sandia National Laboratories Radiant Heat Facility (RHF). Four phases of experiments were performed. Phase 1 results showed that a nominal 1000 C shroud temperature is repeatable to about 2 C. Repeatability of temperatures at individual points on the shroud show that temperatures do not vary more than 10 C from experiment to experiment. This variation results in a 6% difference in heat flux to a target 4 inches away. IR camera images showed the shroud was not at a uniform temperature, although the control temperature was constant to about {+-}2 C during a test. These images showed that a circular shaped, flat shroud with its edges supported by an insulated plate has a temperature distribution with higher temperatures at the edges and lower temperatures in the center. Differences between the center and edge temperatures were up to 75 C. Phase 3 results showed that thermocouple (TC) bias errors are affected by coupling with the surrounding environment. The magnitude of TC error depends on the environment facing the TC. Phase 4 results were used to estimate correction factors for specific applications (40 and 63-mil diameter, ungrounded junction, mineral insulated, metal-sheathed TCs facing a cold surface). Correction factors of about 3.0-4.5% are recommended for 40 mil diameter TCs and 5.5-7.0% for 63 mil diameter TCs. When mounted on the cold side of the shroud, TCs read lower than the 'true' shroud temperature, and the TC reads high when on the hot side. An alternate method uses the average of a cold side and hot side TC of the same size to estimate the true shroud temperature. Phase 2 results compared IR camera measurements with TC measurements and measured values of Pyromark emissivity. Agreement was within measured uncertainties of the Pyromark paint emissivity and IR camera temperatures.},
doi = {10.2172/919650},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2004},
month = {10}
}

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