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Title: Active magnetic refrigerants based on Gd-Si-Ge material and refrigeration apparatus and process

Abstract

Active magnetic regenerator and method using Gd.sub.5 (Si.sub.x Ge.sub.1-x).sub.4, where x is equal to or less than 0.5, as a magnetic refrigerant that exhibits a reversible ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic-II/ferromagnetic-I first order phase transition and extraordinary magneto-thermal properties, such as a giant magnetocaloric effect, that renders the refrigerant more efficient and useful than existing magnetic refrigerants for commercialization of magnetic regenerators. The reversible first order phase transition is tunable from approximately 30 K to approximately 290 K (near room temperature) and above by compositional adjustments. The active magnetic regenerator and method can function for refrigerating, air conditioning, and liquefying low temperature cryogens with significantly improved efficiency and operating temperature range from approximately 10 K to 300 K and above. Also an active magnetic regenerator and method using Gd.sub.5 (Si.sub.x Ge.sub.1-x).sub.4, where x is equal to or greater than 0.5, as a magnetic heater/refrigerant that exhibits a reversible ferromagnetic/paramagnetic second order phase transition with large magneto-thermal properties, such as a large magnetocaloric effect that permits the commercialization of a magnetic heat pump and/or refrigerant. This second order phase transition is tunable from approximately 280 K (near room temperature) to approximately 350 K by composition adjustments. The active magnetic regenerator and method canmore » function for low level heating for climate control for buildings, homes and automobile, and chemical processing.« less

Inventors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. (Ames, IA)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA; Iowa State University, Ames, IA (US)
OSTI Identifier:
871493
Patent Number(s):
US 5743095
Application Number:
08/753,064
Assignee:
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc. (Ames, IA) AMES
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-82
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
active; magnetic; refrigerants; based; gd-si-ge; material; refrigeration; apparatus; process; regenerator; method; gd; 1-x; equal; refrigerant; exhibits; reversible; ferromagnetic; antiferromagnetic; ferromagnetic-ii; ferromagnetic-i; phase; transition; extraordinary; magneto-thermal; properties; giant; magnetocaloric; effect; renders; efficient; useful; existing; commercialization; regenerators; tunable; approximately; 30; 290; near; temperature; compositional; adjustments; function; refrigerating; air; conditioning; liquefying; cryogens; significantly; improved; efficiency; operating; range; 10; 300; heater; paramagnetic; permits; heat; pump; 280; 350; composition; level; heating; climate; control; buildings; homes; automobile; chemical; processing; significantly improved; climate control; air conditioning; improved efficiency; active magnetic; temperature range; heat pump; operating temperature; refrigeration apparatus; magnetic regenerator; chemical processing; thermal properties; phase transition; chemical process; magnetic refrigerant; magnetic refrigerants; magnetic heat; magnetocaloric effect; significantly improve; position adjustment; /62/148/505/

Citation Formats

Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A., and Pecharsky, Vitalij K.. Active magnetic refrigerants based on Gd-Si-Ge material and refrigeration apparatus and process. United States: N. p., 1998. Web.
Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A., & Pecharsky, Vitalij K.. Active magnetic refrigerants based on Gd-Si-Ge material and refrigeration apparatus and process. United States.
Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A., and Pecharsky, Vitalij K.. Tue . "Active magnetic refrigerants based on Gd-Si-Ge material and refrigeration apparatus and process". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/871493.
@article{osti_871493,
title = {Active magnetic refrigerants based on Gd-Si-Ge material and refrigeration apparatus and process},
author = {Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A. and Pecharsky, Vitalij K.},
abstractNote = {Active magnetic regenerator and method using Gd.sub.5 (Si.sub.x Ge.sub.1-x).sub.4, where x is equal to or less than 0.5, as a magnetic refrigerant that exhibits a reversible ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic-II/ferromagnetic-I first order phase transition and extraordinary magneto-thermal properties, such as a giant magnetocaloric effect, that renders the refrigerant more efficient and useful than existing magnetic refrigerants for commercialization of magnetic regenerators. The reversible first order phase transition is tunable from approximately 30 K to approximately 290 K (near room temperature) and above by compositional adjustments. The active magnetic regenerator and method can function for refrigerating, air conditioning, and liquefying low temperature cryogens with significantly improved efficiency and operating temperature range from approximately 10 K to 300 K and above. Also an active magnetic regenerator and method using Gd.sub.5 (Si.sub.x Ge.sub.1-x).sub.4, where x is equal to or greater than 0.5, as a magnetic heater/refrigerant that exhibits a reversible ferromagnetic/paramagnetic second order phase transition with large magneto-thermal properties, such as a large magnetocaloric effect that permits the commercialization of a magnetic heat pump and/or refrigerant. This second order phase transition is tunable from approximately 280 K (near room temperature) to approximately 350 K by composition adjustments. The active magnetic regenerator and method can function for low level heating for climate control for buildings, homes and automobile, and chemical processing.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Apr 28 00:00:00 EDT 1998},
month = {Tue Apr 28 00:00:00 EDT 1998}
}

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