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Title: Method of making active magnetic refrigerant, colossal magnetostriction and giant magnetoresistive materials based on Gd-Si-Ge alloys

Abstract

Method of making an active magnetic refrigerant represented by Gd.sub.5 (Si.sub.x Ge.sub.1-x).sub.4 alloy for 0.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.1.0 comprising placing amounts of the commercially pure Gd, Si, and Ge charge components in a crucible, heating the charge contents under subambient pressure to a melting temperature of the alloy for a time sufficient to homogenize the alloy and oxidize carbon with oxygen present in the Gd charge component to reduce carbon, rapidly solidifying the alloy in the crucible, and heat treating the solidified alloy at a temperature below the melting temperature for a time effective to homogenize a microstructure of the solidified material, and then cooling sufficiently fast to prevent the eutectoid decomposition and improve magnetocaloric and/or the magnetostrictive and/or the magnetoresistive properties thereof.

Inventors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. (Ames, IA)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Iowa State University
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1007473
Patent Number(s):
6,589,366
Application Number:
09/793,822
Assignee:
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc. (Ames, IA) AMES
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-82
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A., Pecharsky, Alexandra O., and Pecharsky, Vitalij K. Method of making active magnetic refrigerant, colossal magnetostriction and giant magnetoresistive materials based on Gd-Si-Ge alloys. United States: N. p., 2003. Web.
Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A., Pecharsky, Alexandra O., & Pecharsky, Vitalij K. Method of making active magnetic refrigerant, colossal magnetostriction and giant magnetoresistive materials based on Gd-Si-Ge alloys. United States.
Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A., Pecharsky, Alexandra O., and Pecharsky, Vitalij K. Tue . "Method of making active magnetic refrigerant, colossal magnetostriction and giant magnetoresistive materials based on Gd-Si-Ge alloys". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1007473.
@article{osti_1007473,
title = {Method of making active magnetic refrigerant, colossal magnetostriction and giant magnetoresistive materials based on Gd-Si-Ge alloys},
author = {Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A. and Pecharsky, Alexandra O. and Pecharsky, Vitalij K.},
abstractNote = {Method of making an active magnetic refrigerant represented by Gd.sub.5 (Si.sub.x Ge.sub.1-x).sub.4 alloy for 0.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.1.0 comprising placing amounts of the commercially pure Gd, Si, and Ge charge components in a crucible, heating the charge contents under subambient pressure to a melting temperature of the alloy for a time sufficient to homogenize the alloy and oxidize carbon with oxygen present in the Gd charge component to reduce carbon, rapidly solidifying the alloy in the crucible, and heat treating the solidified alloy at a temperature below the melting temperature for a time effective to homogenize a microstructure of the solidified material, and then cooling sufficiently fast to prevent the eutectoid decomposition and improve magnetocaloric and/or the magnetostrictive and/or the magnetoresistive properties thereof.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {7}
}

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