skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Energy use for building construction. Final report, March 1, 1976--December 31, 1976

Abstract

Total (direct and indirect) energy requirements of the construction industry for 1967 were determined in order to examine the potential for energy savings. The Energy Input/Output Model developed at the Center for Advanced Computation, University of Illinois, was expanded to include 49 building and non-building construction sectors (new and maintenance). Total energy intensities were determined for these sectors, as well as energy requirements to final demand. Overall, the construction industry required about 6000 trillion Btu, or about 9% of the total U. S. energy requirement in 1967. About 20% of this requirement was for direct energy. Energy requirements were further broken down according to goods and services purchased by individual construction sectors, and energy distribution patterns were determined within each construction sector. Energy cost per unit for various building materials were calculated, as well as 1967 energy cost per square foot for building sectors. Laboratories required the most energy per square foot (2,074,056 Btu/SF), while Farm Service required the least (149,071 Btu/SF). Comparative interchangeable building assemblies were evaluated for their energy costs, including initial construction and lifetime maintenance energy. Tradeoffs between construction and operational energy costs were determined for a selected wall frame assembly with different exterior finishes and varyingmore » degrees of insulation. A study was initiated to determine industries in which direct energy use led to a significant amount of the energy embodied in New Building Construction for 1967. The resulting Energy Flow Chart is included.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Illinois Univ., Urbana (USA). Center for Advanced Computation; Stein (Richard G.) and Associates, Architects, New York (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA)
OSTI Identifier:
7301380
Report Number(s):
COO-2791-3
DOE Contract Number:
EY-76-S-02-2791
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; BUILDINGS; CONSTRUCTION; CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; BUILDING MATERIALS; ECONOMICS; ENERGY CONSERVATION; ENERGY DEMAND; PIPELINES; PRODUCTION; RAILWAYS; ROADS; INDUSTRY; MATERIALS; 320300* - Energy Conservation, Consumption, & Utilization- Industrial & Agricultural Processes

Citation Formats

Hannon, B M, Stein, R G, Segal, B, Serber, D, and Stein, C. Energy use for building construction. Final report, March 1, 1976--December 31, 1976. United States: N. p., 1976. Web. doi:10.2172/7301380.
Hannon, B M, Stein, R G, Segal, B, Serber, D, & Stein, C. Energy use for building construction. Final report, March 1, 1976--December 31, 1976. United States. doi:10.2172/7301380.
Hannon, B M, Stein, R G, Segal, B, Serber, D, and Stein, C. Wed . "Energy use for building construction. Final report, March 1, 1976--December 31, 1976". United States. doi:10.2172/7301380. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/7301380.
@article{osti_7301380,
title = {Energy use for building construction. Final report, March 1, 1976--December 31, 1976},
author = {Hannon, B M and Stein, R G and Segal, B and Serber, D and Stein, C},
abstractNote = {Total (direct and indirect) energy requirements of the construction industry for 1967 were determined in order to examine the potential for energy savings. The Energy Input/Output Model developed at the Center for Advanced Computation, University of Illinois, was expanded to include 49 building and non-building construction sectors (new and maintenance). Total energy intensities were determined for these sectors, as well as energy requirements to final demand. Overall, the construction industry required about 6000 trillion Btu, or about 9% of the total U. S. energy requirement in 1967. About 20% of this requirement was for direct energy. Energy requirements were further broken down according to goods and services purchased by individual construction sectors, and energy distribution patterns were determined within each construction sector. Energy cost per unit for various building materials were calculated, as well as 1967 energy cost per square foot for building sectors. Laboratories required the most energy per square foot (2,074,056 Btu/SF), while Farm Service required the least (149,071 Btu/SF). Comparative interchangeable building assemblies were evaluated for their energy costs, including initial construction and lifetime maintenance energy. Tradeoffs between construction and operational energy costs were determined for a selected wall frame assembly with different exterior finishes and varying degrees of insulation. A study was initiated to determine industries in which direct energy use led to a significant amount of the energy embodied in New Building Construction for 1967. The resulting Energy Flow Chart is included.},
doi = {10.2172/7301380},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 1976},
month = {Wed Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 1976}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share: