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Title: The resistance of Types 304 and 316 stainless steels to crevice corrosion in natural waters

Abstract

Types 304 and 316 stainless steel are widely and successfully utilized in piping and equipment to handle fresh waters. Occasionally, conditions are encountered that cause localized attack, usually crevice corrosion, of these alloys. In fresh waters of up to 1000 mg/L chloride content, Type 316 is resistant to crevice corrosion in severe geometries. Type 304 is also resistant in 80 pct or more of metal-to-nonmetal crevice sites in the same waters. Initiation of crevice corrosion in Type 304 is more dependent on existence of a critical crevice geometry, i.e., a gap dimension (tightness factor) than on the chloride ion concentration up to at least 1000 mg/L. These tests showed Type 304 and Type 316 to be more resistant than earlier electrochemical tests reported by others.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
La Que Center for Corrosion Technology Inc., Wrightsville Beach, NC
OSTI Identifier:
6705674
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
J. Mater. Energy Syst.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5:4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CHLORIDES; CATALYTIC EFFECTS; STAINLESS STEEL-304; CREVICE CORROSION; STAINLESS STEEL-316; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; CORROSION RESISTANCE; ELECTROCHEMICAL CORROSION; FRESH WATER; MATERIALS TESTING; ALLOYS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; CHROMIUM ALLOYS; CHROMIUM STEELS; CHROMIUM-NICKEL STEELS; CORROSION; CORROSION RESISTANT ALLOYS; HALIDES; HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; HEAT RESISTANT MATERIALS; HEAT RESISTING ALLOYS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; IRON ALLOYS; IRON BASE ALLOYS; MATERIALS; MOLYBDENUM ALLOYS; NICKEL ALLOYS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; STAINLESS STEELS; STEELS; TESTING; WATER; 360105* - Metals & Alloys- Corrosion & Erosion

Citation Formats

Kain, R M, Hoxie, E C, and Tuthill, A H. The resistance of Types 304 and 316 stainless steels to crevice corrosion in natural waters. United States: N. p., 1984. Web. doi:10.1007/BF02835718.
Kain, R M, Hoxie, E C, & Tuthill, A H. The resistance of Types 304 and 316 stainless steels to crevice corrosion in natural waters. United States. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02835718
Kain, R M, Hoxie, E C, and Tuthill, A H. 1984. "The resistance of Types 304 and 316 stainless steels to crevice corrosion in natural waters". United States. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02835718.
@article{osti_6705674,
title = {The resistance of Types 304 and 316 stainless steels to crevice corrosion in natural waters},
author = {Kain, R M and Hoxie, E C and Tuthill, A H},
abstractNote = {Types 304 and 316 stainless steel are widely and successfully utilized in piping and equipment to handle fresh waters. Occasionally, conditions are encountered that cause localized attack, usually crevice corrosion, of these alloys. In fresh waters of up to 1000 mg/L chloride content, Type 316 is resistant to crevice corrosion in severe geometries. Type 304 is also resistant in 80 pct or more of metal-to-nonmetal crevice sites in the same waters. Initiation of crevice corrosion in Type 304 is more dependent on existence of a critical crevice geometry, i.e., a gap dimension (tightness factor) than on the chloride ion concentration up to at least 1000 mg/L. These tests showed Type 304 and Type 316 to be more resistant than earlier electrochemical tests reported by others.},
doi = {10.1007/BF02835718},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6705674}, journal = {J. Mater. Energy Syst.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 5:4,
place = {United States},
year = {1984},
month = {3}
}