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Title: DOE's near-term electric vehicle battery program. Status of improved lead-acid, nickel/iron, and nickel/zinc battery developments

Abstract

From the inception of the DOE/ANL Near-Term eV Battery Program in 1978, significant progress in lead-acid, nickel/iron and nickel/zinc battery technology has been made towards achieving the technical performance goals necessary for widespread use of these battery systems in electric vehicle applications. The energy density of lead-acid eV batteries has advanced from 25 to 30 Wh/kg to over 40 Wh/kg. The prospect for obtaining a lead-acid battery having both high energy density and long cycle life in a few years is very promising. Nickel/iron modules have demonstrated a specific energy of nearly 50 Wh/kg and a specific power of 100 W/kg, cycle lives of 300 have been achieved during early 1980 and testing continues, and the energy efficiency has been improved from less than 50% to over 65%. Nickel/zinc module test data have shown a specific energy of nearly 70 Wh/kg and a specific power of 130 W/kg. However, cycle life improvements are still needed. Cost reduction continues to receive major emphasis at developers of both nickel/zinc and nickel/iron batteries. Based on the continued demonstration of viable solutions to technical problems in the 1980 to 1983 time-frame, these near-term batteries will emerge as contenders for electric vehicle applications. The relativemore » cost/performance/life tradeoff of these battery systems continues to receive emphasis in the DOE/ANL R and D Program. While it would be premature at the present time to select winning systems or specific technical approaches, it is the intent of the DOE/ANL program management to continue supporting the development of the most viable approaches in response to the 1986 commercialization goal.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6573707
Report Number(s):
CONF-800523-4
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 3. international electric vehicle exposition and conference, St. Louis, MO, USA, May 1980
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; IRON-NICKEL BATTERIES; PERFORMANCE; LEAD-ACID BATTERIES; NICKEL-ZINC BATTERIES; COMMERCIALIZATION; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; DATA; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; INFORMATION; METAL-METAL OXIDE BATTERIES; NUMERICAL DATA; VEHICLES; 330300* - Advanced Propulsion Systems- Electric-Powered Systems; 250902 - Energy Storage- Batteries- Performance & Testing

Citation Formats

Yao, N. P., Christianson, C. C., Elliott, R. C., Lee, T. S., and Miller, J. F.. DOE's near-term electric vehicle battery program. Status of improved lead-acid, nickel/iron, and nickel/zinc battery developments. United States: N. p., 1980. Web.
Yao, N. P., Christianson, C. C., Elliott, R. C., Lee, T. S., & Miller, J. F.. DOE's near-term electric vehicle battery program. Status of improved lead-acid, nickel/iron, and nickel/zinc battery developments. United States.
Yao, N. P., Christianson, C. C., Elliott, R. C., Lee, T. S., and Miller, J. F.. 1980. "DOE's near-term electric vehicle battery program. Status of improved lead-acid, nickel/iron, and nickel/zinc battery developments". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6573707.
@article{osti_6573707,
title = {DOE's near-term electric vehicle battery program. Status of improved lead-acid, nickel/iron, and nickel/zinc battery developments},
author = {Yao, N. P. and Christianson, C. C. and Elliott, R. C. and Lee, T. S. and Miller, J. F.},
abstractNote = {From the inception of the DOE/ANL Near-Term eV Battery Program in 1978, significant progress in lead-acid, nickel/iron and nickel/zinc battery technology has been made towards achieving the technical performance goals necessary for widespread use of these battery systems in electric vehicle applications. The energy density of lead-acid eV batteries has advanced from 25 to 30 Wh/kg to over 40 Wh/kg. The prospect for obtaining a lead-acid battery having both high energy density and long cycle life in a few years is very promising. Nickel/iron modules have demonstrated a specific energy of nearly 50 Wh/kg and a specific power of 100 W/kg, cycle lives of 300 have been achieved during early 1980 and testing continues, and the energy efficiency has been improved from less than 50% to over 65%. Nickel/zinc module test data have shown a specific energy of nearly 70 Wh/kg and a specific power of 130 W/kg. However, cycle life improvements are still needed. Cost reduction continues to receive major emphasis at developers of both nickel/zinc and nickel/iron batteries. Based on the continued demonstration of viable solutions to technical problems in the 1980 to 1983 time-frame, these near-term batteries will emerge as contenders for electric vehicle applications. The relative cost/performance/life tradeoff of these battery systems continues to receive emphasis in the DOE/ANL R and D Program. While it would be premature at the present time to select winning systems or specific technical approaches, it is the intent of the DOE/ANL program management to continue supporting the development of the most viable approaches in response to the 1986 commercialization goal.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6573707}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1980},
month = {1}
}

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