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Title: HEMP emergency planning and operating procedures for electric power systems

Abstract

Investigations of the impact of high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electric power systems and electrical equipment have revealed that HEMP creates both misoperation and failures. These events result from both the early time E[sub 1] (steep-front pulse) component and the late time E[sub 3] (geomagnetic perturbations) component of HEMP. In this report a HEMP event is viewed in terms of its marginal impact over classical power system disturbances by considering the unique properties and consequences of HEMP. This report focuses on system-wide electrical component failures and their potential consequences from HEMP. In particular, the effectiveness of planning and operating procedures for electric systems is evaluated while under the influence of HEMP. This assessment relies on published data and characterizes utilities using the North American Electric Reliability Council's regions and guidelines to model electric power system planning and operations. Key issues addressed by the report include how electric power systems are affected by HEMP and what actions electric utilities can initiate to reduce the consequences of HEMP. The report also reviews the salient features of earlier HEMP studies and projects, examines technology trends in the electric power industry which are affected by HEMP, characterizes the vulnerability of power systems to HEMP,more » and explores the capability of electric systems to recover from a HEMP event.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. (Electrotek Concepts, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States))
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Electrotek Concepts, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
6535803
Report Number(s):
ORNL/Sub-91-SG105/1
ON: DE93012094
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-84OR21400
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSES; PHYSICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS; POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS; VULNERABILITY; ATMOSPHERIC EXPLOSIONS; ELECTRICAL TRANSIENTS; EMERGENCY PLANS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; RELIABILITY; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; EXPLOSIONS; FLUID MECHANICS; HYDRODYNAMICS; MECHANICS; PULSES; RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIATIONS; TRANSIENTS; VOLTAGE DROP; 450200* - Military Technology, Weaponry, & National Defense- Nuclear Explosions & Explosives; 240200 - Power System Networks, Transmission & Distribution- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Reddoch, T.W., and Markel, L.C. HEMP emergency planning and operating procedures for electric power systems. United States: N. p., 1991. Web. doi:10.2172/6535803.
Reddoch, T.W., & Markel, L.C. HEMP emergency planning and operating procedures for electric power systems. United States. doi:10.2172/6535803.
Reddoch, T.W., and Markel, L.C. Tue . "HEMP emergency planning and operating procedures for electric power systems". United States. doi:10.2172/6535803. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6535803.
@article{osti_6535803,
title = {HEMP emergency planning and operating procedures for electric power systems},
author = {Reddoch, T.W. and Markel, L.C.},
abstractNote = {Investigations of the impact of high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) on electric power systems and electrical equipment have revealed that HEMP creates both misoperation and failures. These events result from both the early time E[sub 1] (steep-front pulse) component and the late time E[sub 3] (geomagnetic perturbations) component of HEMP. In this report a HEMP event is viewed in terms of its marginal impact over classical power system disturbances by considering the unique properties and consequences of HEMP. This report focuses on system-wide electrical component failures and their potential consequences from HEMP. In particular, the effectiveness of planning and operating procedures for electric systems is evaluated while under the influence of HEMP. This assessment relies on published data and characterizes utilities using the North American Electric Reliability Council's regions and guidelines to model electric power system planning and operations. Key issues addressed by the report include how electric power systems are affected by HEMP and what actions electric utilities can initiate to reduce the consequences of HEMP. The report also reviews the salient features of earlier HEMP studies and projects, examines technology trends in the electric power industry which are affected by HEMP, characterizes the vulnerability of power systems to HEMP, and explores the capability of electric systems to recover from a HEMP event.},
doi = {10.2172/6535803},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1991},
month = {1}
}