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Title: Comparative inhalation studies with American and Estonian oil shale

Abstract

This paper presents interim findings on studies comparing the effects of long-term inhalation of quartz, Estonian kukersite, or American Green River shales in rats. No tumors have been observed in the exposed animals. In the studies with Green River shales, the rate of death increased as the animals approached 2 years of exposure. Varying degrees of lung fibrosis has been noted in these animals also. Animals in the kukersite group exhibited only mild changes with some alveolar thickening, and increased macrophages and collagen. Quartz exposed animals suffered severe fibrosis after several months exposure and died after 12 to 15 months.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6459461
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-81-1847; CONF-810676-3
ON: DE81025254
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2. joint US-USSR workshop on the health and environmental effects of oil shale development, Tallinn, USSR, 22 Jun 1981
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 04 OIL SHALES AND TAR SANDS; OIL SHALES; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; INHALATION; QUARTZ; DOSE-RESPONSE RELATIONSHIPS; DUSTS; FIBROSIS; LUNGS; PATHOLOGICAL CHANGES; RATS; ANIMALS; BITUMINOUS MATERIALS; BODY; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; CHALCOGENIDES; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; INTAKE; MAMMALS; MATERIALS; ORGANS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM; RODENTS; SILICON COMPOUNDS; SILICON OXIDES; VERTEBRATES; 560305* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Vertebrates- (-1987); 040700 - Oil Shales & Tar Sands- Health & Safety

Citation Formats

Holland, L.M., Vigil, E.A., Gonzales, M., and Tillery, M.I.. Comparative inhalation studies with American and Estonian oil shale. United States: N. p., 1981. Web.
Holland, L.M., Vigil, E.A., Gonzales, M., & Tillery, M.I.. Comparative inhalation studies with American and Estonian oil shale. United States.
Holland, L.M., Vigil, E.A., Gonzales, M., and Tillery, M.I.. Thu . "Comparative inhalation studies with American and Estonian oil shale". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6459461.
@article{osti_6459461,
title = {Comparative inhalation studies with American and Estonian oil shale},
author = {Holland, L.M. and Vigil, E.A. and Gonzales, M. and Tillery, M.I.},
abstractNote = {This paper presents interim findings on studies comparing the effects of long-term inhalation of quartz, Estonian kukersite, or American Green River shales in rats. No tumors have been observed in the exposed animals. In the studies with Green River shales, the rate of death increased as the animals approached 2 years of exposure. Varying degrees of lung fibrosis has been noted in these animals also. Animals in the kukersite group exhibited only mild changes with some alveolar thickening, and increased macrophages and collagen. Quartz exposed animals suffered severe fibrosis after several months exposure and died after 12 to 15 months.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1981},
month = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1981}
}

Conference:
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