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Title: Initial progress in the first wall, blanket, and shield Engineering Test Program for magnetically confined fusion-power reactors

Abstract

The first wall/blanket/shield (FW/B/S) Engineering Test Program (ETP) progressed from the planning stage into implementation during July, 1981. The program, generic in nature, comprises four Test Program Elements (TPE's), the emphasis of which is on defining the performance parameters for the Fusion Engineering Device (FED) and the major fusion device to follow FED. These elements are: (1) nonnuclear thermal-hydraulic and thermomechanical testing of first wall and component facsimiles with emphasis on surface heat loads and heat transient (i.e., plasma disruption) effects; (2) nonnuclear and nuclear testing of FW/B/S components and assemblies with emphasis on bulk (nuclear) heating effects, integrated FW/B/S hydraulics and mechanics, blanket coolant system transients, and nuclear benchmarks; (3) FW/B/S electromagnetic and eddy current effects testing, including pulsed field penetration, torque and force restraint, electromagnetic materials, liquid metal MHD effects and the like; and (4) FW/B/S Assembly, Maintenance and Repair (AMR) studies focusing on generic AMR criteria, with the objective of preparing an AMR designers guidebook; also, development of rapid remote assembly/disassembly joint system technology, leak detection and remote handling methods.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6231362
Report Number(s):
CONF-811040-197
ON: DE83007790
DOE Contract Number:
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 9. symposium on engineering problems of fusion research, Chicago, IL, USA, 26 Oct 1981; Other Information: Portions are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; BREEDING BLANKETS; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; FIRST WALL; SHIELDING; TOKAMAK TYPE REACTORS; EDDY CURRENTS; HYDRAULICS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; RADIATION HEATING; THERMODYNAMICS; CURRENTS; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; FLUID MECHANICS; HEATING; HYDRODYNAMICS; MECHANICS; REACTOR COMPONENTS; THERMONUCLEAR REACTOR WALLS; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS; 700201* - Fusion Power Plant Technology- Blanket Engineering

Citation Formats

Herman, H., Baker, C.C., and Maroni, V.A. Initial progress in the first wall, blanket, and shield Engineering Test Program for magnetically confined fusion-power reactors. United States: N. p., 1981. Web.
Herman, H., Baker, C.C., & Maroni, V.A. Initial progress in the first wall, blanket, and shield Engineering Test Program for magnetically confined fusion-power reactors. United States.
Herman, H., Baker, C.C., and Maroni, V.A. 1981. "Initial progress in the first wall, blanket, and shield Engineering Test Program for magnetically confined fusion-power reactors". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6231362.
@article{osti_6231362,
title = {Initial progress in the first wall, blanket, and shield Engineering Test Program for magnetically confined fusion-power reactors},
author = {Herman, H. and Baker, C.C. and Maroni, V.A.},
abstractNote = {The first wall/blanket/shield (FW/B/S) Engineering Test Program (ETP) progressed from the planning stage into implementation during July, 1981. The program, generic in nature, comprises four Test Program Elements (TPE's), the emphasis of which is on defining the performance parameters for the Fusion Engineering Device (FED) and the major fusion device to follow FED. These elements are: (1) nonnuclear thermal-hydraulic and thermomechanical testing of first wall and component facsimiles with emphasis on surface heat loads and heat transient (i.e., plasma disruption) effects; (2) nonnuclear and nuclear testing of FW/B/S components and assemblies with emphasis on bulk (nuclear) heating effects, integrated FW/B/S hydraulics and mechanics, blanket coolant system transients, and nuclear benchmarks; (3) FW/B/S electromagnetic and eddy current effects testing, including pulsed field penetration, torque and force restraint, electromagnetic materials, liquid metal MHD effects and the like; and (4) FW/B/S Assembly, Maintenance and Repair (AMR) studies focusing on generic AMR criteria, with the objective of preparing an AMR designers guidebook; also, development of rapid remote assembly/disassembly joint system technology, leak detection and remote handling methods.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1981,
month =
}

Conference:
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  • The first wall/blanket/shield (FW/B/S) Engineering Test Program (ETP) progresses from the planning stage into implementation during July, 1981. the overall background and scope have been described in detail in earlier reports. The program, generic in nature, comprises four test Program Elements (TPE'S) the emphasis of which is on defining the performance parameters for the Fusion Engineering Device (FED) and the major fusion device to follow FED. These elements are discussed here.
  • The key engineering areas identified for early study relate to FW/B/S system thermal-hydraulics, thermomechnics, nucleonics, electromagnetics, assembly, maintenance, and repair. Programmatic guidance derived frm planning exercises involving over thirty organizations (laboratories, industries, and universities) has indicated (1) that meaningful near term engineering testing should be feasible within the bounds of a modest funding base, (2) that there are existing facilities and expertise which can be profitably utilized in this testing, and (3) that near term efforts should focus on the measurement of engineering data and the verification/calibration of predictive methods for anticipated normal operational and transient FW/B/S conditions. The remaindermore » of this paper discusses in more detail the planning strategies, proposed approach to near term testing, and longer range needs for integrated FW/B/S test facilities.« less
  • The experimental requirements, test-bed design, and computational requirements are reviewed and updated. Next, in Sections 3, 4 and 5, the experimental plan, instrumentation, and computer plan, respectively, are described. Finally, Section 6 treats other considerations, such as personnel, outside participation, and distribution of results.
  • This document defines a plan for conducting selected aspects of the engineering testing required for magnetic fusion reactor FWBS components and systems. The ultimate product of this program is an established data base that contributes to a functional, reliable, maintainable, economically attractive, and environmentally acceptable commercial fusion reactor first wall, blanket, and shield system. This program plan updates the initial plan issued in November of 1980 by the DOE/Office of Fusion Energy (unnumbered report). The plan consists of two parts. Part I is a summary of activities, responsibilities and program management including reporting and interfaces with other programs. Part IImore » is a compilation of the Detailed Technical Plans for Phase I (1982 to 1984) developed by the participants during Phase 0 of the program (July to December 1981).« less
  • The four sections which comprise Part II describe in detail the technical basis for each of the four Program Elements (PE's) of the FWBS Engineering Technology Program (ETP). Each PE is planned to be executed in a number of phases. The purpose of the DTP's is to delineate detailed near-term research, development, and testing required to establish a FWBS engineering data base. Optimum testing strategies and construction of test facilities where needed are identified. The DTP's are based on guidelines given by Argonne National Laboratory which included the basic programmatic goals and the requirements for the types of tests andmore » test conditions.« less