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Title: Evaluation of sweet sorghum for fermentable sugar production potential. [Sorghum bicolor]

Abstract

This study was prompted by the special interest in sugar crops, at a time of high petroleum prices and fuel shortages, as potential renewable resources which could supplement non-renewable fossil resources. Four to six sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) cultivars were evaluated 4 yr for fermentable sugar production potential at eight locations in the continental USA and at one location in Hawaii. Latitudes represented ranged from 21 to 47/sup 0/N with the average number of frost-free days ranging from 120 to more than 350. Data were collected for biomass yield, percent lignin, percent cellulose, stalk sugar yields, and other agronomic characters. Total sugar yield for the continental USA ranged from 4 Mg ha/sup -1/ to 10.7 Mg ha/sup -1/ during 3 yr of the study and up to 12 Mg ha/sup -1/ at the Hawaiian location. Accordingly, theoretical ethanol production in the continental USA ranged from 2129 L ha/sup -1/ to 5696 L ha/sup -1/. Results of the study demonstrated that sweet surghum is far more widely adapted than was anticipated for a plant of tropical origin and certainly has the potential for providing a good source of fermentable carbohydrates across a wide geographic area.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Research Org.:
Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins
OSTI Identifier:
6105371
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Crop Sci.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27:4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; ETHANOL; BIOSYNTHESIS; SORGHUM; RESOURCE POTENTIAL; BIOLOGICAL ADAPTATION; BIOMASS PLANTATIONS; CELLULOSE; FERMENTATION; FRUCTOSE; GLUCOSE; LIGNIN; SACCHAROSE; ALCOHOLS; ALDEHYDES; BIOCONVERSION; CARBOHYDRATES; CEREALS; DISACCHARIDES; GRASS; HEXOSES; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; KETONES; MONOSACCHARIDES; OLIGOSACCHARIDES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; POLYSACCHARIDES; SACCHARIDES; SYNTHESIS; 090222* - Alcohol Fuels- Preparation from Wastes or Biomass- (1976-1989); 140504 - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Smith, G A, Bagby, M O, Lewellan, R T, Doney, D L, Moore, P H, Hills, F J, Campbell, L G, Hogaboam, G J, Coe, G E, and Freeman, K. Evaluation of sweet sorghum for fermentable sugar production potential. [Sorghum bicolor]. United States: N. p., Web.
Smith, G A, Bagby, M O, Lewellan, R T, Doney, D L, Moore, P H, Hills, F J, Campbell, L G, Hogaboam, G J, Coe, G E, & Freeman, K. Evaluation of sweet sorghum for fermentable sugar production potential. [Sorghum bicolor]. United States.
Smith, G A, Bagby, M O, Lewellan, R T, Doney, D L, Moore, P H, Hills, F J, Campbell, L G, Hogaboam, G J, Coe, G E, and Freeman, K. . "Evaluation of sweet sorghum for fermentable sugar production potential. [Sorghum bicolor]". United States.
@article{osti_6105371,
title = {Evaluation of sweet sorghum for fermentable sugar production potential. [Sorghum bicolor]},
author = {Smith, G A and Bagby, M O and Lewellan, R T and Doney, D L and Moore, P H and Hills, F J and Campbell, L G and Hogaboam, G J and Coe, G E and Freeman, K},
abstractNote = {This study was prompted by the special interest in sugar crops, at a time of high petroleum prices and fuel shortages, as potential renewable resources which could supplement non-renewable fossil resources. Four to six sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) cultivars were evaluated 4 yr for fermentable sugar production potential at eight locations in the continental USA and at one location in Hawaii. Latitudes represented ranged from 21 to 47/sup 0/N with the average number of frost-free days ranging from 120 to more than 350. Data were collected for biomass yield, percent lignin, percent cellulose, stalk sugar yields, and other agronomic characters. Total sugar yield for the continental USA ranged from 4 Mg ha/sup -1/ to 10.7 Mg ha/sup -1/ during 3 yr of the study and up to 12 Mg ha/sup -1/ at the Hawaiian location. Accordingly, theoretical ethanol production in the continental USA ranged from 2129 L ha/sup -1/ to 5696 L ha/sup -1/. Results of the study demonstrated that sweet surghum is far more widely adapted than was anticipated for a plant of tropical origin and certainly has the potential for providing a good source of fermentable carbohydrates across a wide geographic area.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6105371}, journal = {Crop Sci.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 27:4,
place = {United States},
year = {},
month = {}
}