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Title: Effect of PCB (Aroclor 1254) on reproduction, behavior, and survival of Hydra viridis

Abstract

Survival, behavior, and reproduction of Hydra viridis was studied in animals treated with the polychlorinated biphenyl mixture (PCB), Aroclor 1254. PCB was administered as a component of the culture medium (artificial pond water) in concentrations varying from 0.2 mg/l to 100.0 mg/l PCB. Reagent grade acetone was employed as a carrier for the PCB due to its low solubility in water. Control animals were maintained in a 250.0 mg/l acetone culture medium. Aroclor 1254 was lethally toxic to H. viridis with concentrations of 20.0 mg/l producing 100% mortality after a 24 hour exposure. Sublethal PCB concentrations as low as 2.0 mg/l caused lethargic behavior and decreased feeding. Reproduction was suppressed in concentrations as low as 0.2 mg/l, and morphological abnormalities occurred at PCB levels of 2.0 mg/l or greater.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Tennessee State Univ., Nashville
OSTI Identifier:
5850912
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 5850912
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Tenn. Acad. Sci.; (United States); Journal Volume: 56:4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AROMATICS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; TOXICITY; ORGANIC CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; HYDRA; REPRODUCTION; CNIDARIA; ECOSYSTEMS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC HALOGEN COMPOUNDS 560304* -- Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology-- Invertebrates-- (-1987); 500200 -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Adams, J.A., and Lawson, W.G. Effect of PCB (Aroclor 1254) on reproduction, behavior, and survival of Hydra viridis. United States: N. p., 1981. Web.
Adams, J.A., & Lawson, W.G. Effect of PCB (Aroclor 1254) on reproduction, behavior, and survival of Hydra viridis. United States.
Adams, J.A., and Lawson, W.G. Thu . "Effect of PCB (Aroclor 1254) on reproduction, behavior, and survival of Hydra viridis". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_5850912,
title = {Effect of PCB (Aroclor 1254) on reproduction, behavior, and survival of Hydra viridis},
author = {Adams, J.A. and Lawson, W.G.},
abstractNote = {Survival, behavior, and reproduction of Hydra viridis was studied in animals treated with the polychlorinated biphenyl mixture (PCB), Aroclor 1254. PCB was administered as a component of the culture medium (artificial pond water) in concentrations varying from 0.2 mg/l to 100.0 mg/l PCB. Reagent grade acetone was employed as a carrier for the PCB due to its low solubility in water. Control animals were maintained in a 250.0 mg/l acetone culture medium. Aroclor 1254 was lethally toxic to H. viridis with concentrations of 20.0 mg/l producing 100% mortality after a 24 hour exposure. Sublethal PCB concentrations as low as 2.0 mg/l caused lethargic behavior and decreased feeding. Reproduction was suppressed in concentrations as low as 0.2 mg/l, and morphological abnormalities occurred at PCB levels of 2.0 mg/l or greater.},
doi = {},
journal = {J. Tenn. Acad. Sci.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 56:4,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 1981},
month = {Thu Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 1981}
}