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Title: Occult exposure to asbestos in steel workers revealed by bronchoalveolar lavage

Abstract

To investigate the asbestos burden in a steelplant environment, we counted asbestos bodies (ABs) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of 65 steel workers who had retired during the previous 5 y. They had worked for at least 15 y in the same area of the plant (coke oven or blast furnace) as maintenance or production workers. On the basis of occupational anamnesis, 28 had occasional past professional exposure to asbestos; the remaining 37 workers denied any contact with asbestos. A total of 54 white-collar workers who had no occupational exposure to asbestos were included in the study as controls. An increased prevalence and concentration of ABs was found in the BALF of steel workers. Electron microscopy and EDAX analysis of AB from steel workers revealed that the core fibers were mainly amphiboles. More ABs were found in the BALF of maintenance workers than in production workers. However, the BALF from steel workers who denied any contact with asbestos revealed an increased AB burden v. controls. This demonstrates that steel workers may be subject to an occult exposure to amphiboles in the steelplant environment.

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. CHU, Liege (Belgium)
OSTI Identifier:
5680493
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Archives of Environmental Health; (USA)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 45:5; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-9896
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; ASBESTOS; HEALTH HAZARDS; AMPHIBOLE; CHRONIC EXPOSURE; MAN; METAL INDUSTRY; RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DISEASES; STEELS; ALLOYS; ANIMALS; DISEASES; HAZARDS; INDUSTRY; IRON ALLOYS; IRON BASE ALLOYS; MAMMALS; MINERALS; PRIMATES; VERTEBRATES; 560300* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology; 550900 - Pathology

Citation Formats

Corhay, J -L, Delavignette, J -P, Bury, T, Saint-Remy, P, and Radermecker, M -F. Occult exposure to asbestos in steel workers revealed by bronchoalveolar lavage. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1080/00039896.1990.10118746.
Corhay, J -L, Delavignette, J -P, Bury, T, Saint-Remy, P, & Radermecker, M -F. Occult exposure to asbestos in steel workers revealed by bronchoalveolar lavage. United States. doi:10.1080/00039896.1990.10118746.
Corhay, J -L, Delavignette, J -P, Bury, T, Saint-Remy, P, and Radermecker, M -F. . "Occult exposure to asbestos in steel workers revealed by bronchoalveolar lavage". United States. doi:10.1080/00039896.1990.10118746.
@article{osti_5680493,
title = {Occult exposure to asbestos in steel workers revealed by bronchoalveolar lavage},
author = {Corhay, J -L and Delavignette, J -P and Bury, T and Saint-Remy, P and Radermecker, M -F},
abstractNote = {To investigate the asbestos burden in a steelplant environment, we counted asbestos bodies (ABs) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of 65 steel workers who had retired during the previous 5 y. They had worked for at least 15 y in the same area of the plant (coke oven or blast furnace) as maintenance or production workers. On the basis of occupational anamnesis, 28 had occasional past professional exposure to asbestos; the remaining 37 workers denied any contact with asbestos. A total of 54 white-collar workers who had no occupational exposure to asbestos were included in the study as controls. An increased prevalence and concentration of ABs was found in the BALF of steel workers. Electron microscopy and EDAX analysis of AB from steel workers revealed that the core fibers were mainly amphiboles. More ABs were found in the BALF of maintenance workers than in production workers. However, the BALF from steel workers who denied any contact with asbestos revealed an increased AB burden v. controls. This demonstrates that steel workers may be subject to an occult exposure to amphiboles in the steelplant environment.},
doi = {10.1080/00039896.1990.10118746},
journal = {Archives of Environmental Health; (USA)},
issn = {0003-9896},
number = ,
volume = 45:5,
place = {United States},
year = {},
month = {}
}