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Title: Design issues concerning Iran`s Bushehr nuclear power plant VVER-1000 conversion

Abstract

On January 8, 1995, the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) signed a contract for $800 million with the Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (Minatom) to complete Bushehr nuclear power plant (BNPP) unit 1. The agreement called for a Russian VVER-1000/320 pressurized water reactor (PWR) to be successfully installed into the existing German-built BNPP facilities in 5 yr. System design differences, bomb damage, and environmental exposure are key issues with which Minatom must contend in order to fulfill the contract. The AEOI under the Shah of Iran envisioned Bushehr as the first of many nuclear power plants, with Iran achieving 24 GW(electric) by 1993 and 34 GW(electric) by 2000. Kraftwerk Union AG (KWU) began construction of the two-unit plant near the Persian Gulf town of Halileh in 1975. Unit 1 was {approx}80% complete and unit 2 was {approx}50% complete when construction was interrupted by the 1979 Iranian Islamic revolution. Despite repeated AEOI attempts to lure KWU and other companies back to Iran to complete the plant, Western concerns about nuclear proliferation in Iran and repeated bombings of the plant during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war dissuaded Germany from resuming construction.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
426613
Report Number(s):
CONF-961103-
Journal ID: TANSAO; ISSN 0003-018X; TRN: 96:006307-0347
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Transactions of the American Nuclear Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 75; Conference: Winter meeting of the American Nuclear Society (ANS) and the European Nuclear Society (ENS), Washington, DC (United States), 10-14 Nov 1996; Other Information: PBD: 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 21 NUCLEAR POWER REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; IRAN-1 REACTOR; CONVERSION; IRAN-2 REACTOR; DESIGN; NUCLEAR MATERIALS DIVERSION; PLUTONIUM

Citation Formats

Carson, C.F. Design issues concerning Iran`s Bushehr nuclear power plant VVER-1000 conversion. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Carson, C.F. Design issues concerning Iran`s Bushehr nuclear power plant VVER-1000 conversion. United States.
Carson, C.F. Tue . "Design issues concerning Iran`s Bushehr nuclear power plant VVER-1000 conversion". United States.
@article{osti_426613,
title = {Design issues concerning Iran`s Bushehr nuclear power plant VVER-1000 conversion},
author = {Carson, C.F.},
abstractNote = {On January 8, 1995, the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) signed a contract for $800 million with the Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (Minatom) to complete Bushehr nuclear power plant (BNPP) unit 1. The agreement called for a Russian VVER-1000/320 pressurized water reactor (PWR) to be successfully installed into the existing German-built BNPP facilities in 5 yr. System design differences, bomb damage, and environmental exposure are key issues with which Minatom must contend in order to fulfill the contract. The AEOI under the Shah of Iran envisioned Bushehr as the first of many nuclear power plants, with Iran achieving 24 GW(electric) by 1993 and 34 GW(electric) by 2000. Kraftwerk Union AG (KWU) began construction of the two-unit plant near the Persian Gulf town of Halileh in 1975. Unit 1 was {approx}80% complete and unit 2 was {approx}50% complete when construction was interrupted by the 1979 Iranian Islamic revolution. Despite repeated AEOI attempts to lure KWU and other companies back to Iran to complete the plant, Western concerns about nuclear proliferation in Iran and repeated bombings of the plant during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war dissuaded Germany from resuming construction.},
doi = {},
journal = {Transactions of the American Nuclear Society},
number = ,
volume = 75,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {12}
}