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Title: Survival, causes of death, and estimated tissue doses in a group of human beings injected with plutonium

Abstract

To determine the relationship between urinary excretion and plutonium body content, 18 persons of short life expectancy were injected with plutonium between 1945 and 1947. Seventeen of these 18 individuals have been identified; eight were found to have survived for at least eight years and four are still alive today (1975). The causes of death of 13 of these individuals have been determined from death certificates; none appear to be related to the administered plutonium. Doses to the liver and to the cells on the surface of bone have been calculated for these plutonium cases. The liver doses do not appear to be high enough to be carcinogenic, but comparison of the bone-surface doses with radium doses that have induced bone tumors indicates that six of these cases have received doses high enough to be considered carcinogenic. However, no bone tumors have yet appeared. (auth)

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., Ill. (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
4136654
Report Number(s):
CONF-751043-2
NSA Number:
NSA-33-003271
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-10-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Workshop on the biological effects and toxicity of Pu 239 and Ra 226, Sun Valley, Idaho, USA, 6 Oct 1975; Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 30-JUN-76
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
N48610* -Life Sciences-Radionuclide Effects (Internal Source)-Man; 560161* -Biomedical Sciences, Applied Studies-Radiation Effects-Radionuclide Effects-Internal Source-Man; *LIVER- RADIATION DOSES; *PLUTONIUM ISOTOPES- EXCRETION; *RADIUM ISOTOPES- BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; *SKELETON- RADIATION DOSES; MAN; NEOPLASMS; SURVIVAL TIME

Citation Formats

Rowland, R.E., and Durbin, P.W. Survival, causes of death, and estimated tissue doses in a group of human beings injected with plutonium. United States: N. p., 1975. Web.
Rowland, R.E., & Durbin, P.W. Survival, causes of death, and estimated tissue doses in a group of human beings injected with plutonium. United States.
Rowland, R.E., and Durbin, P.W. Wed . "Survival, causes of death, and estimated tissue doses in a group of human beings injected with plutonium". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/4136654.
@article{osti_4136654,
title = {Survival, causes of death, and estimated tissue doses in a group of human beings injected with plutonium},
author = {Rowland, R.E. and Durbin, P.W.},
abstractNote = {To determine the relationship between urinary excretion and plutonium body content, 18 persons of short life expectancy were injected with plutonium between 1945 and 1947. Seventeen of these 18 individuals have been identified; eight were found to have survived for at least eight years and four are still alive today (1975). The causes of death of 13 of these individuals have been determined from death certificates; none appear to be related to the administered plutonium. Doses to the liver and to the cells on the surface of bone have been calculated for these plutonium cases. The liver doses do not appear to be high enough to be carcinogenic, but comparison of the bone-surface doses with radium doses that have induced bone tumors indicates that six of these cases have received doses high enough to be considered carcinogenic. However, no bone tumors have yet appeared. (auth)},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1975},
month = {Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1975}
}

Conference:
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