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Title: Toyota beamline (BL33XU) at SPring-8

Abstract

The Toyota beamline (BL33XU) at SPring-8 is an undulator beamline developed to assist in the study of various automotive-related materials. The light source is a tapered in-vacuum undulator that provides a variable energy band width as well as a high brilliance X-ray beam. Two different optical arrangements are available: Optics 1 and Optics 2. Optics 1 is dedicated to time-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAFS), and consists of two channel-cut crystal monochromators and four water-cooled flat Si mirrors. The Si(111) and Si(220) monochromator crystals cover an energy range of 4.0–46.0 keV and are driven by high-speed AC servo motors. These monochromators, in conjunction with the tapered undulator, enable high-quality XAFS data acquisition with a temporal resolution of 10 ms. Optics 2 is optimized for X-ray diffraction, scattering and imaging and includes a recently installed double crystal monochromator, two water-cooled flat Si mirrors and Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) focusing mirrors. The monochromator incorporates parallel mounted Si(111) and Si(311) crystals and covers an energy range of 4.5–70 keV. The beamline provides two experimental stations: Exp. Hutch 2 and Exp. Hutch 3. The gas supply system and mass spectrometers installed in Exp. Hutch 2 allow in-operando measurements under various atmospheres. The scanning three-dimensional X-ray diffraction (scanningmore » 3DXRD) microscopy instrumentation developed and installed in Exp. Hutch 3 enables non-destructive orientation and stress mapping of 1 mm-thick steel specimens using a high energy microbeam.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [2]; ;  [3]; ; ; ; ;  [4]
  1. Toyota Central R&D Labs., Inc., 41-1 Nagakute Aichi 480-1192 Japan (Japan)
  2. Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0DE UK (United Kingdom)
  3. RIKEN Harima Institute 1-1-1 Koto Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)
  4. JASRI/SPring-8 1-1-1 Koto Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22608379
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1741; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: SRI2015: 12. international conference on synchrotron radiation instrumentation, New York, NY (United States), 6-10 Jul 2015; Other Information: (c) 2016 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ABSORPTION; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; BEAM OPTICS; CRYSTALS; DATA ACQUISITION; FINE STRUCTURE; KEV RANGE; MASS SPECTROMETERS; MICROSCOPY; MIRRORS; MONOCHROMATORS; SILICON; SPRING-8 STORAGE RING; STRESSES; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; TIME RESOLUTION; WIGGLER MAGNETS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Nonaka, T., E-mail: nonaka@mosk.tytlabs.co.jp, Dohmae, K., Hayashi, Y., Yamaguchi, S., Nagai, Y., Hirose, Y., Araki, T., Tanaka, T., Kitamura, H., Uruga, T., Yamazaki, H., Yumoto, H., Ohashi, H., and Goto, S. Toyota beamline (BL33XU) at SPring-8. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4952866.
Nonaka, T., E-mail: nonaka@mosk.tytlabs.co.jp, Dohmae, K., Hayashi, Y., Yamaguchi, S., Nagai, Y., Hirose, Y., Araki, T., Tanaka, T., Kitamura, H., Uruga, T., Yamazaki, H., Yumoto, H., Ohashi, H., & Goto, S. Toyota beamline (BL33XU) at SPring-8. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4952866.
Nonaka, T., E-mail: nonaka@mosk.tytlabs.co.jp, Dohmae, K., Hayashi, Y., Yamaguchi, S., Nagai, Y., Hirose, Y., Araki, T., Tanaka, T., Kitamura, H., Uruga, T., Yamazaki, H., Yumoto, H., Ohashi, H., and Goto, S. Wed . "Toyota beamline (BL33XU) at SPring-8". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4952866.
@article{osti_22608379,
title = {Toyota beamline (BL33XU) at SPring-8},
author = {Nonaka, T., E-mail: nonaka@mosk.tytlabs.co.jp and Dohmae, K. and Hayashi, Y. and Yamaguchi, S. and Nagai, Y. and Hirose, Y. and Araki, T. and Tanaka, T. and Kitamura, H. and Uruga, T. and Yamazaki, H. and Yumoto, H. and Ohashi, H. and Goto, S.},
abstractNote = {The Toyota beamline (BL33XU) at SPring-8 is an undulator beamline developed to assist in the study of various automotive-related materials. The light source is a tapered in-vacuum undulator that provides a variable energy band width as well as a high brilliance X-ray beam. Two different optical arrangements are available: Optics 1 and Optics 2. Optics 1 is dedicated to time-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAFS), and consists of two channel-cut crystal monochromators and four water-cooled flat Si mirrors. The Si(111) and Si(220) monochromator crystals cover an energy range of 4.0–46.0 keV and are driven by high-speed AC servo motors. These monochromators, in conjunction with the tapered undulator, enable high-quality XAFS data acquisition with a temporal resolution of 10 ms. Optics 2 is optimized for X-ray diffraction, scattering and imaging and includes a recently installed double crystal monochromator, two water-cooled flat Si mirrors and Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) focusing mirrors. The monochromator incorporates parallel mounted Si(111) and Si(311) crystals and covers an energy range of 4.5–70 keV. The beamline provides two experimental stations: Exp. Hutch 2 and Exp. Hutch 3. The gas supply system and mass spectrometers installed in Exp. Hutch 2 allow in-operando measurements under various atmospheres. The scanning three-dimensional X-ray diffraction (scanning 3DXRD) microscopy instrumentation developed and installed in Exp. Hutch 3 enables non-destructive orientation and stress mapping of 1 mm-thick steel specimens using a high energy microbeam.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4952866},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1741,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jul 27 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Jul 27 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}
  • A Doppler-free electron spectroscopy apparatus that consists of a high-resolution electron spectrometer and a molecular beam source has been installed on beamline 27SU at SPring-8 in Japan. The apparatus is described and the Auger resonant Raman spectra of neon atoms recorded at the 1s -> 3p excitation and those of water molecules recorded at the O 1s -> 2b2 excitation are presented to demonstrate the performance.
  • We present subnanosecond-resolved X-ray diffraction experiments at the SPring-8 high flux beamline BL40XU by use of time structure of synchrotron radiation. A phase-locked mechanical chopper (x-ray pulse selector), which is made by Forschungszentrum Juelich, has minimum opening time of 400 nanoseconds and generates single-bunch x-ray pulse trains with variable intervals of 1-2 millisecond (0.5-1 kHz) depending on the rotation speed and with the x-ray pulse duration of {approx} 30 picoseconds from the hybrid bunch mode (D-mode) of the SPring-8 ring operation. The interval of pulse trains is further expanded to more than 1 second by another slower shutter, if necessary.more » The pulse train is applicable to time-resolved diffraction experiments with both monochromatic and pink beams. An observed Laue data set from lysozyme crystal showed sufficient quality to refine the protein structure at 1.9 A resolution. A 10-nanosecond pulse from a Nd:YAG laser initiating photoreaction in a crystal can be synchronized with the X-ray pulse. Installation of a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser/regenerative amplifier system which has a pulse duration of {approx} 2 picoseconds for further pump-probe experiments is also planed.« less
  • As part of the Taiwan x-ray facility at SPring-8, we have designed, constructed and commissioned a dedicated Inelastic X-ray Scattering (IXS) beamline (BL12XU) for both resonant and non-resonant experiments on electronic excitations in correlated electron systems with energy resolution from 10-1000 meV. At the Si(555) near-backscattering energy of 9.886 keV, a total energy resolution of 70 meV has been achieved with flux of 1.5x1011 phs/sec/50meV. The optical design and performance of the beamline are presented and discussed with selected results from recent commissioning experiments.
  • The recent status of the SPring-8 Taiwan Contract Beamline BL12B2 is reported. The beamline was designed to provide multiple applications for materials and biological researches. It is equipped with four end stations, including an EXAFS station, a Huber 6-circle diffractometer for X-ray scattering, a curved image plate for the studies of powder diffraction, and a station for the protein crystallography. The beamline construction was completed in 2000 and it has been in full speed operation since September 2001. To enhance the focusing capacity, the beamline optics has been modified in 2002 and a gain of factor of 10 in photonmore » flux was consequently obtained at protein crystallography station.« less
  • The SPring-8 bending magnet beamline BL38B1 is designed for R and D of optics, detectors, experiments for XAFS and protein X-ray crystallography (PX). This beamline has a multi-purpose hutch for two experimental stations of XAFS and PX, and removable optical benches used for R and D of detectors and instruments. The design and the performance of the beamline are presented.