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Title: V{sub 2}O{sub 5} xerogel-poly(ethylene oxide) hybrid material: Synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical properties

Abstract

In this work, we report the synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical properties of vanadium pentoxide xerogel-poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) hybrid materials obtained by varying the average molecular weight of the organic component as well as the components' ratios. The materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, ultraviolet/visible and infrared spectroscopies, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance, and cyclic voltammetry. Despite the presence of broad and low intensity peaks, the X-ray diffractograms indicate that the lamellar structure of the vanadium pentoxide xerogel is preserved, with increase in the interplanar spacing, giving evidence of a low-crystalline structure. We found that the electrochemical behaviour of the hybrid materials is quite similar to that found for the V{sub 2}O{sub 5} xerogel alone, and we verified that PEO leads to stabilization and reproducibility of the Li{sup +} electrochemical insertion/de-insertion into the V{sub 2}O{sub 5} xerogel structure, which makes these materials potential components of lithium ion batteries. - Graphical abstract: The synthesis, structural and electrochemical properties of vanadium pentoxide xerogel-poly(ethylene oxide) hybrid materials have been described. Despite the presence of broad and low intensity peaks, the X-ray diffractograms indicate that the lamellar structure of the vanadium pentoxide xerogel is preserved. The cy voltammetry technique demonstrated that PEOmore » intercalation provides an improvement in the electrochemical properties, mainly with respect to the lithium electroinsertion process into the oxide matrix.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Departamento de Quimica, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, 14040-901 Ribeirao Preto-SP (Brazil)
  2. Universidade de Franca, Av. Dr. Armando Salles Oliveira 201, P.O. Box 82, 14404-600 Franca, SP (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20900923
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 179; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2006.08.018; PII: S0022-4596(06)00475-0; Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0022-4596
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; INFRARED SPECTRA; LITHIUM IONS; POLYETHYLENE GLYCOLS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SYNTHESIS; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; VANADIUM OXIDES; VOLTAMETRY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Guerra, Elidia M, Ciuffi, Katia J, and Oliveira, Herenilton P. V{sub 2}O{sub 5} xerogel-poly(ethylene oxide) hybrid material: Synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical properties. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2006.08.018.
Guerra, Elidia M, Ciuffi, Katia J, & Oliveira, Herenilton P. V{sub 2}O{sub 5} xerogel-poly(ethylene oxide) hybrid material: Synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical properties. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2006.08.018.
Guerra, Elidia M, Ciuffi, Katia J, and Oliveira, Herenilton P. Fri . "V{sub 2}O{sub 5} xerogel-poly(ethylene oxide) hybrid material: Synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical properties". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jssc.2006.08.018.
@article{osti_20900923,
title = {V{sub 2}O{sub 5} xerogel-poly(ethylene oxide) hybrid material: Synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical properties},
author = {Guerra, Elidia M and Ciuffi, Katia J and Oliveira, Herenilton P},
abstractNote = {In this work, we report the synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical properties of vanadium pentoxide xerogel-poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) hybrid materials obtained by varying the average molecular weight of the organic component as well as the components' ratios. The materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, ultraviolet/visible and infrared spectroscopies, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance, and cyclic voltammetry. Despite the presence of broad and low intensity peaks, the X-ray diffractograms indicate that the lamellar structure of the vanadium pentoxide xerogel is preserved, with increase in the interplanar spacing, giving evidence of a low-crystalline structure. We found that the electrochemical behaviour of the hybrid materials is quite similar to that found for the V{sub 2}O{sub 5} xerogel alone, and we verified that PEO leads to stabilization and reproducibility of the Li{sup +} electrochemical insertion/de-insertion into the V{sub 2}O{sub 5} xerogel structure, which makes these materials potential components of lithium ion batteries. - Graphical abstract: The synthesis, structural and electrochemical properties of vanadium pentoxide xerogel-poly(ethylene oxide) hybrid materials have been described. Despite the presence of broad and low intensity peaks, the X-ray diffractograms indicate that the lamellar structure of the vanadium pentoxide xerogel is preserved. The cy voltammetry technique demonstrated that PEO intercalation provides an improvement in the electrochemical properties, mainly with respect to the lithium electroinsertion process into the oxide matrix.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jssc.2006.08.018},
journal = {Journal of Solid State Chemistry},
issn = {0022-4596},
number = 12,
volume = 179,
place = {United States},
year = {2006},
month = {12}
}