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Title: Savannah River Site Environmental Report for 1994

Abstract

The mission at the Savannah River Site has changed from producing nuclear weapons materials for national defense to managing the waste it has generated, restoring the environment, and enhancing industrial development in and around the site. But no matter what the site`s mission is, it will continue to maintain its comprehensive environmental monitoring and surveillance program. In 1994, effluent monitoring and environmental surveillance were conducted within a 30,000-square-mile area in and around SRS that includes neighboring cities, towns, and counties in Georgia and South Carolina and extends up to 100 miles from the site. Thousands of samples of air, surface water, groundwater, foodstuffs, drinking water, wildlife, rainwater, soil, sediment, and vegetation were collected and analyzed for radioactive and nonradioactive contaminants.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
195620
Report Number(s):
WSRC-TR-95-075
ON: DE96060022; TRN: 96:008506
DOE Contract Number:
AC09-89SR18035
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 16 Dec 1994
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 05 NUCLEAR FUELS; ENVIRONMENT; MONITORING; SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; PROGRESS REPORT; SURVEILLANCE; SAMPLING; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; CONTAMINATION; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION

Citation Formats

Arnett, M.W., Mamatey, A., and Spitzer, D.. Savannah River Site Environmental Report for 1994. United States: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.2172/195620.
Arnett, M.W., Mamatey, A., & Spitzer, D.. Savannah River Site Environmental Report for 1994. United States. doi:10.2172/195620.
Arnett, M.W., Mamatey, A., and Spitzer, D.. 1994. "Savannah River Site Environmental Report for 1994". United States. doi:10.2172/195620. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/195620.
@article{osti_195620,
title = {Savannah River Site Environmental Report for 1994},
author = {Arnett, M.W. and Mamatey, A. and Spitzer, D.},
abstractNote = {The mission at the Savannah River Site has changed from producing nuclear weapons materials for national defense to managing the waste it has generated, restoring the environment, and enhancing industrial development in and around the site. But no matter what the site`s mission is, it will continue to maintain its comprehensive environmental monitoring and surveillance program. In 1994, effluent monitoring and environmental surveillance were conducted within a 30,000-square-mile area in and around SRS that includes neighboring cities, towns, and counties in Georgia and South Carolina and extends up to 100 miles from the site. Thousands of samples of air, surface water, groundwater, foodstuffs, drinking water, wildlife, rainwater, soil, sediment, and vegetation were collected and analyzed for radioactive and nonradioactive contaminants.},
doi = {10.2172/195620},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1994,
month =
}

Technical Report:

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  • Tables in this document present data from routine environmental monitoring and surveillance programs at the Savannah River Site. An attempt has been made to include all available data from environmental research programs. The first section of the book is a collection of maps of radiological and non radiological sampling locations. Also included are a list of the media sampled, along with sample sizes and representative aliquots; the minimum detectable concentrations for gamma analysis of soil, food, fish and wildlife, and vegetation samples; and a list of the minimum detectable concentrations for Environmental Monitoring Section radiological analyses.
  • The document presents the selected final action for the Tank 105-C HWMF Unit and the immediately adjacent soils at the Savannah River Site (SRS). Previous action taken at the Tank 105-C HWMF was under a RCRA Closure Plan approved by the State of South Carolina and was protective of human health and the environment. Therefore, no further remedial action is necessary under CERCLA. To ensure continued protection of human health and the environment, this action will be reviewed every 5 years, consistent with the requirements of the NCP.
  • This report summarizes the results of three ecological investigations that were conducted in 1994 at the Burial Ground Complex (BGC) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The three topics of study included remote sensing, aquatic toxicity testing, and qualitative surveys of herpetofauna and small mammals. Interim reports from each investigation are included in the appendices (A, B, and C). The objectives of the remote sensing effort were to compile historical aerial photography of the BGC and to develop a land use/cover map of the complex using recent aerial imagery. The goal of the aquatic toxicity testing was to determine ifmore » surface waters were toxic to aquatic biota whereas the objectives of the vertebrate surveys were to identify the species diversity and relative abundances of amphibians, reptiles, and small mammals inhabiting the study area.« less
  • This document presents the selected final preventive action for the MWMF Unit at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The selected final action remedy announced in this Record of Decision is no further action. A remedy under RCRA was completed for this unit in December 1990. This RCRA corrective action involved the precompaction and placement of all contaminated materials under a low permeability cap. This RCRA remedy prevents physical exposure to contaminants and mitigates further migration of contaminants to the groundwater by minimizing a liquid medium pathway (rainwater percolation) for transport.
  • The Savannah River Ecology Laboratory initiated ecological studies related to the construction of the DWPF on the SRS in FY-1979. Two areas have been used for biological surveys and long-term monitoring: the DWPF construction site (S-Area and Z-Area), and two control sites (Rainbow Bay and Tinker Creek). The Rainbow Bay study area and S-Area are located within 5 km of each other on the SRS, and both once contained Carolina bays which were very similar ecologically. One goal of the SREL`s faunal studies is to compare the natural variation in amphibian populations at the Rainbow Bay control site to themore » variation observed at the human-altered site (Sun Bay, formerly on the DWPF construction site). Pre-construction biological surveys included data on vegetation, birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, fish and several invertebrate groups. No species on the Federal Endangered or Threatened lists were found on either site, but several plants and animals of threatened or special-concern status in South Carolina were present and the gopher frog (Rana areolata) currently is being considered for federal listing. Continuing studies are directed towards assessing construction impacts on the biota and towares modeling the effects of alteration of wetland hydroperiod on the biota. Primary emphasis is being paced on evaluation the effectiveness of mitigation measures undertaken by DOE.« less