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Title: H0LiCOW XII. Lens mass model of WFI2033 − 4723 and blind measurement of its time-delay distance and H0

Abstract

ABSTRACT We present the lens mass model of the quadruply-imaged gravitationally lensed quasar WFI2033 − 4723, and perform a blind cosmographical analysis based on this system. Our analysis combines (1) time-delay measurements from 14 yr of data obtained by the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses (COSMOGRAIL) collaboration, (2) high-resolution Hubble Space Telescope imaging, (3) a measurement of the velocity dispersion of the lens galaxy based on ESO-MUSE data, and (4) multi-band, wide-field imaging and spectroscopy characterizing the lens environment. We account for all known sources of systematics, including the influence of nearby perturbers and complex line-of-sight structure, as well as the parametrization of the light and mass profiles of the lensing galaxy. After unblinding, we determine the effective time-delay distance to be $$4784_{-248}^{+399}~\mathrm{Mpc}$$, an average precision of $$6.6{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$$. This translates to a Hubble constant $$H_{0} = 71.6_{-4.9}^{+3.8}~\mathrm{km~s^{-1}~Mpc^{-1}}$$, assuming a flat ΛCDM cosmology with a uniform prior on Ωm in the range [0.05, 0.5]. This work is part of the H0 Lenses in COSMOGRAIL’s Wellspring (H0LiCOW) collaboration, and the full time-delay cosmography results from a total of six strongly lensed systems are presented in a companion paper (H0LiCOW XIII).

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [3];  [7];  [8]; ORCiD logo [9];  [10];  [3];  [10]; ORCiD logo [6];  [11];  [12]; ORCiD logo [13];  [10]
  1. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan, Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 N Aohoku Pl, Hilo, HI 96720, USA, Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
  2. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan, Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU, WPI), University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8583, Japan
  3. Laboratoire d’Astrophysique, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Observatoire de Sauverny, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland
  4. STAR Institute, Quartier Agora - Allée du six Août, 19c B-4000 Liège, Belgium
  5. Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, D-85748 Garching, Germany, Physik-Department, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Straße 1, D-85748 Garching, Germany, Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 11F of ASMAB, No.1, Section 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
  6. Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
  7. Exzellenzcluster Universe, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Universitäts-Sternwarte, Scheinerstr. 1, D-81679 München, Germany
  8. Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
  9. Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU, WPI), University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8583, Japan, Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, the Netherlands
  10. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547, USA
  11. Pyörrekuja 5A, FI-04300 Tuusula, Finland
  12. Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, NL-9700 AV Groningen, the Netherlands
  13. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University, 452 Lomita Mall, Stanford, CA 94035, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1664453
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Journal Volume: 498 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Rusu, Cristian E., Wong, Kenneth C., Bonvin, Vivien, Sluse, Dominique, Suyu, Sherry H., Fassnacht, Christopher D., Chan, James H. H., Hilbert, Stefan, Auger, Matthew W., Sonnenfeld, Alessandro, Birrer, Simon, Courbin, Frederic, Treu, Tommaso, Chen, Geoff C-F, Halkola, Aleksi, Koopmans, Léon V. E., Marshall, Philip J., and Shajib, Anowar J. H0LiCOW XII. Lens mass model of WFI2033 − 4723 and blind measurement of its time-delay distance and H0. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz3451.
Rusu, Cristian E., Wong, Kenneth C., Bonvin, Vivien, Sluse, Dominique, Suyu, Sherry H., Fassnacht, Christopher D., Chan, James H. H., Hilbert, Stefan, Auger, Matthew W., Sonnenfeld, Alessandro, Birrer, Simon, Courbin, Frederic, Treu, Tommaso, Chen, Geoff C-F, Halkola, Aleksi, Koopmans, Léon V. E., Marshall, Philip J., & Shajib, Anowar J. H0LiCOW XII. Lens mass model of WFI2033 − 4723 and blind measurement of its time-delay distance and H0. United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz3451.
Rusu, Cristian E., Wong, Kenneth C., Bonvin, Vivien, Sluse, Dominique, Suyu, Sherry H., Fassnacht, Christopher D., Chan, James H. H., Hilbert, Stefan, Auger, Matthew W., Sonnenfeld, Alessandro, Birrer, Simon, Courbin, Frederic, Treu, Tommaso, Chen, Geoff C-F, Halkola, Aleksi, Koopmans, Léon V. E., Marshall, Philip J., and Shajib, Anowar J. Mon . "H0LiCOW XII. Lens mass model of WFI2033 − 4723 and blind measurement of its time-delay distance and H0". United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz3451.
@article{osti_1664453,
title = {H0LiCOW XII. Lens mass model of WFI2033 − 4723 and blind measurement of its time-delay distance and H0},
author = {Rusu, Cristian E. and Wong, Kenneth C. and Bonvin, Vivien and Sluse, Dominique and Suyu, Sherry H. and Fassnacht, Christopher D. and Chan, James H. H. and Hilbert, Stefan and Auger, Matthew W. and Sonnenfeld, Alessandro and Birrer, Simon and Courbin, Frederic and Treu, Tommaso and Chen, Geoff C-F and Halkola, Aleksi and Koopmans, Léon V. E. and Marshall, Philip J. and Shajib, Anowar J.},
abstractNote = {ABSTRACT We present the lens mass model of the quadruply-imaged gravitationally lensed quasar WFI2033 − 4723, and perform a blind cosmographical analysis based on this system. Our analysis combines (1) time-delay measurements from 14 yr of data obtained by the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses (COSMOGRAIL) collaboration, (2) high-resolution Hubble Space Telescope imaging, (3) a measurement of the velocity dispersion of the lens galaxy based on ESO-MUSE data, and (4) multi-band, wide-field imaging and spectroscopy characterizing the lens environment. We account for all known sources of systematics, including the influence of nearby perturbers and complex line-of-sight structure, as well as the parametrization of the light and mass profiles of the lensing galaxy. After unblinding, we determine the effective time-delay distance to be $4784_{-248}^{+399}~\mathrm{Mpc}$, an average precision of $6.6{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$. This translates to a Hubble constant $H_{0} = 71.6_{-4.9}^{+3.8}~\mathrm{km~s^{-1}~Mpc^{-1}}$, assuming a flat ΛCDM cosmology with a uniform prior on Ωm in the range [0.05, 0.5]. This work is part of the H0 Lenses in COSMOGRAIL’s Wellspring (H0LiCOW) collaboration, and the full time-delay cosmography results from a total of six strongly lensed systems are presented in a companion paper (H0LiCOW XIII).},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz3451},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
issn = {0035-8711},
number = 1,
volume = 498,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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The Sloan lens acs Survey. x. Stellar, Dynamical, and Total mass Correlations of Massive Early-Type Galaxies
journal, November 2010


Gravitationally lensed quasars in Gaia – III. 22 new lensed quasars from Gaia data release 2
journal, December 2018

  • Lemon, Cameron A.; Auger, Matthew W.; McMahon, Richard G.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 483, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty3366

The scaling relation between richness and mass of galaxy clusters: a Bayesian approach
journal, March 2010


H0LiCOW – IX. Cosmographic analysis of the doubly imaged quasar SDSS 1206+4332 and a new measurement of the Hubble constant
journal, January 2019

  • Birrer, S.; Treu, T.; Rusu, C. E.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 484, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz200

Mass along the Line of Sight to the Gravitational Lens B1608+656: Galaxy Groups and Implications for H 0
journal, May 2006

  • Fassnacht, C. D.; Gal, R. R.; Lubin, L. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 642, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/500927

Degeneracies in parameter estimates for models of gravitational lens systems
journal, April 1988

  • Gorenstein, M. V.; Shapiro, I. I.; Falco, E. E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 327
  • DOI: 10.1086/166226

Microlensing of the broad line region in 17 lensed quasars
journal, July 2012


Dark matter in elliptical galaxies - II. Estimating the mass within the virial radius
journal, November 2005


H0LiCOW – X. Spectroscopic/imaging survey and galaxy-group identification around the strong gravitational lens system WFI 2033−4723
journal, September 2019

  • Sluse, D.; Rusu, C. E.; Fassnacht, C. D.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 490, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz2483

What Do Gravitational Lens Time Delays Measure?
journal, October 2002

  • Kochanek, C. S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 578, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/342476

Reconstructing the lensing mass in the Universe from photometric catalogue data
journal, April 2013

  • Collett, Thomas E.; Marshall, Philip J.; Auger, Matthew W.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 432, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt504

Elliptic Mass Distributions versus Elliptic Potentials in Gravitational Lenses
journal, November 1993

  • Kassiola, Aggeliki; Kovner, Israel
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 417
  • DOI: 10.1086/173325

Large Magellanic Cloud Cepheid Standards Provide a 1% Foundation for the Determination of the Hubble Constant and Stronger Evidence for Physics beyond ΛCDM
journal, May 2019

  • Riess, Adam G.; Casertano, Stefano; Yuan, Wenlong
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 876, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab1422

A Determination of H 0 with the CLASS Gravitational Lens B1608+656. I. Time Delay Measurements with the VLA
journal, December 1999

  • Fassnacht, C. D.; Pearson, T. J.; Readhead, A. C. S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 527, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/308118

Large-scale structure effects on the gravitational lens image positions and time delay
journal, December 1994

  • Seljak, Uros
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 436
  • DOI: 10.1086/174924

Improving the Precision of Time-Delay Cosmography with Observations of Galaxies Along the line of Sight
journal, April 2013