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Title: Lithium anode stable in air for low-cost fabrication of a dendrite-free lithium battery

Abstract

Lithium metal, the ideal anode material for rechargeable batteries, suffers from the inherent limitations of sensitivity to the humid atmosphere and dendrite growth. Herein, low-cost fabrication of a metallic-lithium anode that is stable in air and plated dendrite-free from an organic-liquid electrolyte solves four key problems that have plagued the development of large-scale Li-ion batteries for storage of electric power. Replacing the low-capacity carbon anode with a safe, dendrite-free lithium anode provides a fast charge while reducing the cost of fabrication of a lithium battery, and increasing the cycle life of a rechargeable cell by eliminating the liquid-electrolyte ethylene-carbonate additive used to form a solid-electrolyte interphase passivation layer on the anode that is unstable during cycling. This solution is accomplished by formation of a hydrophobic solid-electrolyte interphase on a metallic-lithium anode that allows for handling of the treated lithium anode membrane in a standard dry room during cell fabrication.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Soochow Univ. (China)
  2. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); National Natural Science Foundations of China (NNSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1614046
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0007762; 51622208; 21703149; 51872193
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; batteries

Citation Formats

Shen, Xiaowei, Li, Yutao, Qian, Tao, Liu, Jie, Zhou, Jinqiu, Yan, Chenglin, and Goodenough, John B. Lithium anode stable in air for low-cost fabrication of a dendrite-free lithium battery. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-08767-0.
Shen, Xiaowei, Li, Yutao, Qian, Tao, Liu, Jie, Zhou, Jinqiu, Yan, Chenglin, & Goodenough, John B. Lithium anode stable in air for low-cost fabrication of a dendrite-free lithium battery. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-08767-0.
Shen, Xiaowei, Li, Yutao, Qian, Tao, Liu, Jie, Zhou, Jinqiu, Yan, Chenglin, and Goodenough, John B. Fri . "Lithium anode stable in air for low-cost fabrication of a dendrite-free lithium battery". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-08767-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1614046.
@article{osti_1614046,
title = {Lithium anode stable in air for low-cost fabrication of a dendrite-free lithium battery},
author = {Shen, Xiaowei and Li, Yutao and Qian, Tao and Liu, Jie and Zhou, Jinqiu and Yan, Chenglin and Goodenough, John B.},
abstractNote = {Lithium metal, the ideal anode material for rechargeable batteries, suffers from the inherent limitations of sensitivity to the humid atmosphere and dendrite growth. Herein, low-cost fabrication of a metallic-lithium anode that is stable in air and plated dendrite-free from an organic-liquid electrolyte solves four key problems that have plagued the development of large-scale Li-ion batteries for storage of electric power. Replacing the low-capacity carbon anode with a safe, dendrite-free lithium anode provides a fast charge while reducing the cost of fabrication of a lithium battery, and increasing the cycle life of a rechargeable cell by eliminating the liquid-electrolyte ethylene-carbonate additive used to form a solid-electrolyte interphase passivation layer on the anode that is unstable during cycling. This solution is accomplished by formation of a hydrophobic solid-electrolyte interphase on a metallic-lithium anode that allows for handling of the treated lithium anode membrane in a standard dry room during cell fabrication.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-019-08767-0},
journal = {Nature Communications},
issn = {2041-1723},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Horizontal Growth of Lithium on Parallelly Aligned MXene Layers towards Dendrite‐Free Metallic Lithium Anodes
    journal, June 2019