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Title: Quantifying chiral exchange interaction for Néel-type skyrmions via Lorentz transmission electron microscopy

Abstract

Magnetic skyrmions are topological spin textures that have been observed in bulk magnets and magnetic multilayers. For bulk magnetic materials, their noncollinear spin profiles have often been studied by using Lorentz transmission electron microscopy (TEM). We experimentally utilized Lorentz TEM imaging to study an inversion asymmetric [Pt(1.5nm)/Co(1 nm)/W(1 nm)] 8 heterostructure that exhibits Neel-type skyrmions at zero field. By tracking the evolution of skyrmion diameters as a function of magnetic fields, we determined the strength of the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI). Our results suggest that in situ Lorentz TEM imaging combined with simulations can provide valuable quantitative information about the interfacial DMI strengths, which can be helpful for optimizing skyrmion materials. Furthermore, we show that in theory, Lorentz TEM can identify the spin chirality of Neel-type skyrmions, although an experimental verification is challenging due to the relatively low signal-to-noise ratio.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [4];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [4];  [4];  [4]
  1. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); City Univ. (CUNY), NY (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Bryn Mawr College, PA (United States)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States)
  6. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Oakland Univ., Rochester, MI (United States)
  7. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)
  8. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China)
  9. Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)
  10. Bryn Mawr College, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Key Research and Development Program of China; National Science Foundation of China; National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science - Office of Basic Energy Sciences - Materials Sciences and Engineering Division; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1503253
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1497748
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; SC0016424
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review, B: Condensed Matter
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 99; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0163-1829
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Jiang, Wanjun, Zhang, Sheng, Wang, Xiao, Phatak, Charudatta, Wang, Qiang, Zhang, Wei, Jungfleisch, Matthias Benjamin, Pearson, John E., Liu, Yizhou, Zang, Jiadong, Cheng, Xuemei, Petford-Long, Amanda, Hoffmann, Axel, and te Velthuis, Suzanne G. E. Quantifying chiral exchange interaction for Néel-type skyrmions via Lorentz transmission electron microscopy. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.99.104402.
Jiang, Wanjun, Zhang, Sheng, Wang, Xiao, Phatak, Charudatta, Wang, Qiang, Zhang, Wei, Jungfleisch, Matthias Benjamin, Pearson, John E., Liu, Yizhou, Zang, Jiadong, Cheng, Xuemei, Petford-Long, Amanda, Hoffmann, Axel, & te Velthuis, Suzanne G. E. Quantifying chiral exchange interaction for Néel-type skyrmions via Lorentz transmission electron microscopy. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.99.104402.
Jiang, Wanjun, Zhang, Sheng, Wang, Xiao, Phatak, Charudatta, Wang, Qiang, Zhang, Wei, Jungfleisch, Matthias Benjamin, Pearson, John E., Liu, Yizhou, Zang, Jiadong, Cheng, Xuemei, Petford-Long, Amanda, Hoffmann, Axel, and te Velthuis, Suzanne G. E. Mon . "Quantifying chiral exchange interaction for Néel-type skyrmions via Lorentz transmission electron microscopy". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.99.104402.
@article{osti_1503253,
title = {Quantifying chiral exchange interaction for Néel-type skyrmions via Lorentz transmission electron microscopy},
author = {Jiang, Wanjun and Zhang, Sheng and Wang, Xiao and Phatak, Charudatta and Wang, Qiang and Zhang, Wei and Jungfleisch, Matthias Benjamin and Pearson, John E. and Liu, Yizhou and Zang, Jiadong and Cheng, Xuemei and Petford-Long, Amanda and Hoffmann, Axel and te Velthuis, Suzanne G. E.},
abstractNote = {Magnetic skyrmions are topological spin textures that have been observed in bulk magnets and magnetic multilayers. For bulk magnetic materials, their noncollinear spin profiles have often been studied by using Lorentz transmission electron microscopy (TEM). We experimentally utilized Lorentz TEM imaging to study an inversion asymmetric [Pt(1.5nm)/Co(1 nm)/W(1 nm)]8 heterostructure that exhibits Neel-type skyrmions at zero field. By tracking the evolution of skyrmion diameters as a function of magnetic fields, we determined the strength of the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI). Our results suggest that in situ Lorentz TEM imaging combined with simulations can provide valuable quantitative information about the interfacial DMI strengths, which can be helpful for optimizing skyrmion materials. Furthermore, we show that in theory, Lorentz TEM can identify the spin chirality of Neel-type skyrmions, although an experimental verification is challenging due to the relatively low signal-to-noise ratio.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.99.104402},
journal = {Physical Review, B: Condensed Matter},
issn = {0163-1829},
number = 10,
volume = 99,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Spontaneous skyrmion ground states in magnetic metals
journal, August 2006

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