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Title: The PROSPECT reactor antineutrino experiment

Abstract

The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment, PROSPECT, is designed to make both a precise measurement of the antineutrino spectrum from a highly-enriched uranium reactor and to probe eV-scale sterile neutrinos by searching for neutrino oscillations over meter-long baselines. PROSPECT utilizes a segmented 6Li-doped liquid scintillator detector for both efficient detection of reactor antineutrinos through the inverse beta decay reaction and excellent background discrimination. PROSPECT is a movable 4-ton antineutrino detector covering distances of 7 m to 13 m from the High Flux Isotope Reactor core. It will probe the best-fit point of the $$\bar{v}$$e disappearance experiments at 4 σ in 1 year and the favored regions of the sterile neutrino parameter space at more than 3σ in 3 years. PROSPECT will test the origin of spectral deviations observed in recent θ13 experiments, search for sterile neutrinos, and address the hypothesis of sterile neutrinos as an explanation of the reactor anomaly. This study describes the design, construction, and commissioning of PROSPECT and reports first data characterizing the performance of the PROSPECT antineutrino detector.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Contributing Org.:
PROSPECT collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1491145
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1502042; OSTI ID: 1547902; OSTI ID: 1564147; OSTI ID: 1595058
Report Number(s):
BNL-210855-2019-JAAM; LLNL-JRNL-755965
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC52-07NA27344; SC0016357; SCW1504; AC05-00OR22725; SC0008347
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 922; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Neutrino oscillation; Neutrino mixing; Reactor; PROSPECT

Citation Formats

Ashenfelter, J., Balantekin, A. B., Baldenegro, C., Band, H. R., Bass, C. D., Bergeron, D. E., Berish, D., Bignell, L. J., Bowden, N. S., Boyle, J., Bricco, J., Brodsky, J. P., Bryan, C. D., Telles, A. Bykadorova, Cherwinka, J. J., Classen, T., Commeford, K., Conant, A., Cox, A. A., Davee, D., Dean, D., Deichert, G., Diwan, M. V., Dolinski, M. J., Erickson, A., Febbraro, M., Foust, B. T., Gaison, J. K., Galindo-Uribarri, A., Gilbert, C., Gilje, K., Glenn, A., Goddard, B. W., Hackett, B., Han, K., Hans, S., Hansell, A. B., Heeger, K. M., Heffron, B., Insler, J., Jaffe, D. E., Ji, X., Jones, D. C., Koehler, K., Kyzylova, O., Lane, C. E., Langford, T. J., LaRosa, J., Littlejohn, B. R., Lopez, F., Lu, X., Caicedo, D. A. Martinez, Matta, J. T., McKeown, R. D., Mendenhall, M. .., Miller, H. J., Minock, J., Mueller, P. E., Mumm, H. P., Napolitano, J., Neilson, R., Nikkel, J. A., Norcini, D., Nour, S., Pushin, D. A., Qian, X., Romero-Romero, E., Rosero, R., Sarenac, D., Seilhan, B., Sharma, R., Surukuchi, P. T., Trinh, C., Tyra, M. A., Varner, R. L., Viren, B., Wagner, J. M., Wang, W., White, B., White, C., Wilhelmi, J., Wise, T., Yao, H., Yeh, M., Yen, Y. -R., Zhang, A., Zhang, C., Zhang, X., and Zhao, M. The PROSPECT reactor antineutrino experiment. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2018.12.079.
Ashenfelter, J., Balantekin, A. B., Baldenegro, C., Band, H. R., Bass, C. D., Bergeron, D. E., Berish, D., Bignell, L. J., Bowden, N. S., Boyle, J., Bricco, J., Brodsky, J. P., Bryan, C. D., Telles, A. Bykadorova, Cherwinka, J. J., Classen, T., Commeford, K., Conant, A., Cox, A. A., Davee, D., Dean, D., Deichert, G., Diwan, M. V., Dolinski, M. J., Erickson, A., Febbraro, M., Foust, B. T., Gaison, J. K., Galindo-Uribarri, A., Gilbert, C., Gilje, K., Glenn, A., Goddard, B. W., Hackett, B., Han, K., Hans, S., Hansell, A. B., Heeger, K. M., Heffron, B., Insler, J., Jaffe, D. E., Ji, X., Jones, D. C., Koehler, K., Kyzylova, O., Lane, C. E., Langford, T. J., LaRosa, J., Littlejohn, B. R., Lopez, F., Lu, X., Caicedo, D. A. Martinez, Matta, J. T., McKeown, R. D., Mendenhall, M. .., Miller, H. J., Minock, J., Mueller, P. E., Mumm, H. P., Napolitano, J., Neilson, R., Nikkel, J. A., Norcini, D., Nour, S., Pushin, D. A., Qian, X., Romero-Romero, E., Rosero, R., Sarenac, D., Seilhan, B., Sharma, R., Surukuchi, P. T., Trinh, C., Tyra, M. A., Varner, R. L., Viren, B., Wagner, J. M., Wang, W., White, B., White, C., Wilhelmi, J., Wise, T., Yao, H., Yeh, M., Yen, Y. -R., Zhang, A., Zhang, C., Zhang, X., & Zhao, M. The PROSPECT reactor antineutrino experiment. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2018.12.079
Ashenfelter, J., Balantekin, A. B., Baldenegro, C., Band, H. R., Bass, C. D., Bergeron, D. E., Berish, D., Bignell, L. J., Bowden, N. S., Boyle, J., Bricco, J., Brodsky, J. P., Bryan, C. D., Telles, A. Bykadorova, Cherwinka, J. J., Classen, T., Commeford, K., Conant, A., Cox, A. A., Davee, D., Dean, D., Deichert, G., Diwan, M. V., Dolinski, M. J., Erickson, A., Febbraro, M., Foust, B. T., Gaison, J. K., Galindo-Uribarri, A., Gilbert, C., Gilje, K., Glenn, A., Goddard, B. W., Hackett, B., Han, K., Hans, S., Hansell, A. B., Heeger, K. M., Heffron, B., Insler, J., Jaffe, D. E., Ji, X., Jones, D. C., Koehler, K., Kyzylova, O., Lane, C. E., Langford, T. J., LaRosa, J., Littlejohn, B. R., Lopez, F., Lu, X., Caicedo, D. A. Martinez, Matta, J. T., McKeown, R. D., Mendenhall, M. .., Miller, H. J., Minock, J., Mueller, P. E., Mumm, H. P., Napolitano, J., Neilson, R., Nikkel, J. A., Norcini, D., Nour, S., Pushin, D. A., Qian, X., Romero-Romero, E., Rosero, R., Sarenac, D., Seilhan, B., Sharma, R., Surukuchi, P. T., Trinh, C., Tyra, M. A., Varner, R. L., Viren, B., Wagner, J. M., Wang, W., White, B., White, C., Wilhelmi, J., Wise, T., Yao, H., Yeh, M., Yen, Y. -R., Zhang, A., Zhang, C., Zhang, X., and Zhao, M. 2019. "The PROSPECT reactor antineutrino experiment". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2018.12.079. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1491145.
@article{osti_1491145,
title = {The PROSPECT reactor antineutrino experiment},
author = {Ashenfelter, J. and Balantekin, A. B. and Baldenegro, C. and Band, H. R. and Bass, C. D. and Bergeron, D. E. and Berish, D. and Bignell, L. J. and Bowden, N. S. and Boyle, J. and Bricco, J. and Brodsky, J. P. and Bryan, C. D. and Telles, A. Bykadorova and Cherwinka, J. J. and Classen, T. and Commeford, K. and Conant, A. and Cox, A. A. and Davee, D. and Dean, D. and Deichert, G. and Diwan, M. V. and Dolinski, M. J. and Erickson, A. and Febbraro, M. and Foust, B. T. and Gaison, J. K. and Galindo-Uribarri, A. and Gilbert, C. and Gilje, K. and Glenn, A. and Goddard, B. W. and Hackett, B. and Han, K. and Hans, S. and Hansell, A. B. and Heeger, K. M. and Heffron, B. and Insler, J. and Jaffe, D. E. and Ji, X. and Jones, D. C. and Koehler, K. and Kyzylova, O. and Lane, C. E. and Langford, T. J. and LaRosa, J. and Littlejohn, B. R. and Lopez, F. and Lu, X. and Caicedo, D. A. Martinez and Matta, J. T. and McKeown, R. D. and Mendenhall, M. .. and Miller, H. J. and Minock, J. and Mueller, P. E. and Mumm, H. P. and Napolitano, J. and Neilson, R. and Nikkel, J. A. and Norcini, D. and Nour, S. and Pushin, D. A. and Qian, X. and Romero-Romero, E. and Rosero, R. and Sarenac, D. and Seilhan, B. and Sharma, R. and Surukuchi, P. T. and Trinh, C. and Tyra, M. A. and Varner, R. L. and Viren, B. and Wagner, J. M. and Wang, W. and White, B. and White, C. and Wilhelmi, J. and Wise, T. and Yao, H. and Yeh, M. and Yen, Y. -R. and Zhang, A. and Zhang, C. and Zhang, X. and Zhao, M.},
abstractNote = {The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment, PROSPECT, is designed to make both a precise measurement of the antineutrino spectrum from a highly-enriched uranium reactor and to probe eV-scale sterile neutrinos by searching for neutrino oscillations over meter-long baselines. PROSPECT utilizes a segmented 6Li-doped liquid scintillator detector for both efficient detection of reactor antineutrinos through the inverse beta decay reaction and excellent background discrimination. PROSPECT is a movable 4-ton antineutrino detector covering distances of 7 m to 13 m from the High Flux Isotope Reactor core. It will probe the best-fit point of the $\bar{v}$e disappearance experiments at 4 σ in 1 year and the favored regions of the sterile neutrino parameter space at more than 3σ in 3 years. PROSPECT will test the origin of spectral deviations observed in recent θ13 experiments, search for sterile neutrinos, and address the hypothesis of sterile neutrinos as an explanation of the reactor anomaly. This study describes the design, construction, and commissioning of PROSPECT and reports first data characterizing the performance of the PROSPECT antineutrino detector.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2018.12.079},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1491145}, journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
issn = {0168-9002},
number = ,
volume = 922,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

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Cited by: 12 works
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Works referenced in this record:

Sterile neutrino oscillations: the global picture
journal, May 2013


Measurement of the Reactor Antineutrino Flux and Spectrum at Daya Bay
journal, February 2016


Improved measurements of the neutrino mixing angle θ 13 with the Double Chooz detector
journal, October 2014


The impact of sterile neutrinos on CP measurements at long baselines
journal, November 2015


The PROSPECT physics program
journal, October 2016


First Search for Short-Baseline Neutrino Oscillations at HFIR with PROSPECT
journal, December 2018


The Rate of Decay of Fission Products
journal, June 1948


Calculation of the antineutrino spectrum from thermal fission of 235U
journal, April 1982


Background radiation measurements at high power research reactors
journal, January 2016

  • Ashenfelter, J.; Balantekin, B.; Baldenegro, C. X.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 806
  • https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2015.10.023

Phase stability and lithium loading capacity in a liquid scintillation cocktail
journal, August 2017


Performance of a segmented 6 Li-loaded liquid scintillator detector for the PROSPECT experiment
journal, June 2018


Light collection and pulse-shape discrimination in elongated scintillator cells for the PROSPECT reactor antineutrino experiment
journal, November 2015


The Daya Bay antineutrino detector filling system and liquid mass measurement
journal, September 2013


The detector system of the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment
journal, March 2016

  • An, F. P.; Bai, J. Z.; Balantekin, A. B.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 811
  • https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2015.11.144

Works referencing / citing this record:

Measurement of the Antineutrino Spectrum from U 235 Fission at HFIR with PROSPECT
journal, June 2019


Strong new limits on light dark matter from neutrino experiments
journal, November 2019