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Title: Fabrication of highly dense isotropic Nd-Fe-B nylon bonded magnets via extrusion-based additive manufacturing [Fabrication of highly dense isotropic Nd-Fe-B bonded magnets via extrusion-based additive manufacturing]

Abstract

Magnetically isotropic bonded magnets with a high loading fraction of 70 vol.% Nd-Fe-B are fabricated via an extrusion-based additive manufacturing, or 3D printing system that enables rapid production of large parts. The density of the printed magnet is ~5.2 g/cm 3. The room temperature magnetic properties are: intrinsic coercivity Hci = 8.9 kOe (708.2 kA/m), remanence Br = 5.8 kG (0.58 T), and energy product (BH)max = 7.3 MGOe (58.1 kJ/m 3). The as-printed magnets are then coated with two types of polymers, both of which improve the thermal stability as revealed by flux aging loss measurements. Tensile tests performed at 25 °C and 100 °C show that the ultimate tensile stress (UTS) increases with increasing loading fraction of the magnet powder, and decreases with increasing temperature. AC magnetic susceptibility and resistivity measurements show that the 3D printed Nd-Fe-B bonded magnets exhibit extremely low eddy current loss and high resistivity. Lastly, we demonstrate the performance of the 3D printed magnets in a DC motor configuration via back electromotive force measurements.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
  3. Magnet Applications, Inc., DuBois, PA (United States)
  4. Arnold Magnetics Technologies, Rochester, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1436033
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1461655
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9704
Journal ID: ISSN 2214-8604
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-07CH11358
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Additive Manufacturing
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2214-8604
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Big area additive manufacturing; Magnetic properties; Mechanical properties; Eddy current loss; High resistivity

Citation Formats

Li, Ling, Jones, Kodey E., Sales, Brian C., Pries, Jason L., Nlebedim, I. C., Jin, Ke, Bei, Hongbin, Post, Brian K., Kesler, Michael S., Rios, Orlando, Kunc, Vlastimil, Fredette, Robert, Ormerod, John, Williams, Aaron, Lograsso, Thomas A., and Paranthaman, M. Parans. Fabrication of highly dense isotropic Nd-Fe-B nylon bonded magnets via extrusion-based additive manufacturing [Fabrication of highly dense isotropic Nd-Fe-B bonded magnets via extrusion-based additive manufacturing]. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.addma.2018.04.001.
Li, Ling, Jones, Kodey E., Sales, Brian C., Pries, Jason L., Nlebedim, I. C., Jin, Ke, Bei, Hongbin, Post, Brian K., Kesler, Michael S., Rios, Orlando, Kunc, Vlastimil, Fredette, Robert, Ormerod, John, Williams, Aaron, Lograsso, Thomas A., & Paranthaman, M. Parans. Fabrication of highly dense isotropic Nd-Fe-B nylon bonded magnets via extrusion-based additive manufacturing [Fabrication of highly dense isotropic Nd-Fe-B bonded magnets via extrusion-based additive manufacturing]. United States. doi:10.1016/j.addma.2018.04.001.
Li, Ling, Jones, Kodey E., Sales, Brian C., Pries, Jason L., Nlebedim, I. C., Jin, Ke, Bei, Hongbin, Post, Brian K., Kesler, Michael S., Rios, Orlando, Kunc, Vlastimil, Fredette, Robert, Ormerod, John, Williams, Aaron, Lograsso, Thomas A., and Paranthaman, M. Parans. Tue . "Fabrication of highly dense isotropic Nd-Fe-B nylon bonded magnets via extrusion-based additive manufacturing [Fabrication of highly dense isotropic Nd-Fe-B bonded magnets via extrusion-based additive manufacturing]". United States. doi:10.1016/j.addma.2018.04.001.
@article{osti_1436033,
title = {Fabrication of highly dense isotropic Nd-Fe-B nylon bonded magnets via extrusion-based additive manufacturing [Fabrication of highly dense isotropic Nd-Fe-B bonded magnets via extrusion-based additive manufacturing]},
author = {Li, Ling and Jones, Kodey E. and Sales, Brian C. and Pries, Jason L. and Nlebedim, I. C. and Jin, Ke and Bei, Hongbin and Post, Brian K. and Kesler, Michael S. and Rios, Orlando and Kunc, Vlastimil and Fredette, Robert and Ormerod, John and Williams, Aaron and Lograsso, Thomas A. and Paranthaman, M. Parans},
abstractNote = {Magnetically isotropic bonded magnets with a high loading fraction of 70 vol.% Nd-Fe-B are fabricated via an extrusion-based additive manufacturing, or 3D printing system that enables rapid production of large parts. The density of the printed magnet is ~5.2 g/cm3. The room temperature magnetic properties are: intrinsic coercivity Hci = 8.9 kOe (708.2 kA/m), remanence Br = 5.8 kG (0.58 T), and energy product (BH)max = 7.3 MGOe (58.1 kJ/m3). The as-printed magnets are then coated with two types of polymers, both of which improve the thermal stability as revealed by flux aging loss measurements. Tensile tests performed at 25 °C and 100 °C show that the ultimate tensile stress (UTS) increases with increasing loading fraction of the magnet powder, and decreases with increasing temperature. AC magnetic susceptibility and resistivity measurements show that the 3D printed Nd-Fe-B bonded magnets exhibit extremely low eddy current loss and high resistivity. Lastly, we demonstrate the performance of the 3D printed magnets in a DC motor configuration via back electromotive force measurements.},
doi = {10.1016/j.addma.2018.04.001},
journal = {Additive Manufacturing},
number = C,
volume = 21,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Apr 03 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Tue Apr 03 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
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