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Title: Ultralight Conductive Silver Nanowire Aerogels

Abstract

Low-density metal foams have many potential applications in electronics, energy storage, catalytic supports, fuel cells, sensors, and medical devices. Here in this work, we report a new method for fabricating ultralight, conductive silver aerogel monoliths with predictable densities using silver nanowires. Silver nanowire building blocks were prepared by polyol synthesis and purified by selective precipitation. Silver aerogels were produced by freeze-casting nanowire aqueous suspensions followed by thermal sintering to weld the nanowire junctions. As-prepared silver aerogels have unique anisotropic microporous structures, with density precisely controlled by the nanowire concentration, down to 4.8 mg/cm 3 and an electrical conductivity up to 51 000 S/m. Lastly, mechanical studies show that silver nanowire aerogels exhibit “elastic stiffening” behavior with a Young’s modulus up to 16 800 Pa.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Physical and Life Science Directorate
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Engineering Directorate
  3. University of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States). Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1393346
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-730883
Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; aerogel; conductive; Metal foams; silver nanowires; ultralight

Citation Formats

Qian, Fang, Lan, Pui Ching, Freyman, Megan C., Chen, Wen, Kou, Tianyi, Olson, Tammy Y., Zhu, Cheng, Worsley, Marcus A., Duoss, Eric B., Spadaccini, Christopher M., Baumann, Ted, and Han, T. Yong-Jin. Ultralight Conductive Silver Nanowire Aerogels. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02790.
Qian, Fang, Lan, Pui Ching, Freyman, Megan C., Chen, Wen, Kou, Tianyi, Olson, Tammy Y., Zhu, Cheng, Worsley, Marcus A., Duoss, Eric B., Spadaccini, Christopher M., Baumann, Ted, & Han, T. Yong-Jin. Ultralight Conductive Silver Nanowire Aerogels. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02790.
Qian, Fang, Lan, Pui Ching, Freyman, Megan C., Chen, Wen, Kou, Tianyi, Olson, Tammy Y., Zhu, Cheng, Worsley, Marcus A., Duoss, Eric B., Spadaccini, Christopher M., Baumann, Ted, and Han, T. Yong-Jin. Tue . "Ultralight Conductive Silver Nanowire Aerogels". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02790. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1393346.
@article{osti_1393346,
title = {Ultralight Conductive Silver Nanowire Aerogels},
author = {Qian, Fang and Lan, Pui Ching and Freyman, Megan C. and Chen, Wen and Kou, Tianyi and Olson, Tammy Y. and Zhu, Cheng and Worsley, Marcus A. and Duoss, Eric B. and Spadaccini, Christopher M. and Baumann, Ted and Han, T. Yong-Jin},
abstractNote = {Low-density metal foams have many potential applications in electronics, energy storage, catalytic supports, fuel cells, sensors, and medical devices. Here in this work, we report a new method for fabricating ultralight, conductive silver aerogel monoliths with predictable densities using silver nanowires. Silver nanowire building blocks were prepared by polyol synthesis and purified by selective precipitation. Silver aerogels were produced by freeze-casting nanowire aqueous suspensions followed by thermal sintering to weld the nanowire junctions. As-prepared silver aerogels have unique anisotropic microporous structures, with density precisely controlled by the nanowire concentration, down to 4.8 mg/cm3 and an electrical conductivity up to 51 000 S/m. Lastly, mechanical studies show that silver nanowire aerogels exhibit “elastic stiffening” behavior with a Young’s modulus up to 16 800 Pa.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02790},
journal = {Nano Letters},
number = 12,
volume = 17,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Sep 05 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Tue Sep 05 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 6 works
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