skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Fabrication of large area flexible nanoplasmonic templates with flow coating

Abstract

Here, we describe the development of a custom-built two-axis flow coater for the deposition of polymeric nanosphere monolayers used in the fabrication of large area nanoplasmonic films. The technique described here has the capability of depositing large areas (up to 7” x 10”) of self-assembled monolayers of polymeric nanospheres onto polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films. Here, three sets of film consisting of different diameter (ranging from 100 to 300 nm) polymeric nanospheres were used to demonstrate the capabilities of this instrument. To improve the surface wettability of the PET substrates during wet-deposition we enhanced the wettability by using a forced air blown-arc plasma treatment system. Both the local microstructure, as confirmed by scanning electron microscopy, describing monolayer and multilayer coverage, and the overall macroscopic uniformity of the resultant nanostructured film were optimized by controlling the relative stage to blade speed and nanosphere concentration. As this is a scalable technique, large area films such as the ones described here, have a variety of crucial emerging applications in areas such as energy, catalysis, and chemical sensing.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1373841
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1372510
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-123649
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 88; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; nano; flow-coating; nanoparticle; self-assembly

Citation Formats

Huang, Qian, Devetter, Brent M., Roosendaal, Timothy, LaBerge, Max, Bernacki, Bruce E., and Alvine, Kyle J. Fabrication of large area flexible nanoplasmonic templates with flow coating. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4994737.
Huang, Qian, Devetter, Brent M., Roosendaal, Timothy, LaBerge, Max, Bernacki, Bruce E., & Alvine, Kyle J. Fabrication of large area flexible nanoplasmonic templates with flow coating. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4994737.
Huang, Qian, Devetter, Brent M., Roosendaal, Timothy, LaBerge, Max, Bernacki, Bruce E., and Alvine, Kyle J. Tue . "Fabrication of large area flexible nanoplasmonic templates with flow coating". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4994737. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1373841.
@article{osti_1373841,
title = {Fabrication of large area flexible nanoplasmonic templates with flow coating},
author = {Huang, Qian and Devetter, Brent M. and Roosendaal, Timothy and LaBerge, Max and Bernacki, Bruce E. and Alvine, Kyle J.},
abstractNote = {Here, we describe the development of a custom-built two-axis flow coater for the deposition of polymeric nanosphere monolayers used in the fabrication of large area nanoplasmonic films. The technique described here has the capability of depositing large areas (up to 7” x 10”) of self-assembled monolayers of polymeric nanospheres onto polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films. Here, three sets of film consisting of different diameter (ranging from 100 to 300 nm) polymeric nanospheres were used to demonstrate the capabilities of this instrument. To improve the surface wettability of the PET substrates during wet-deposition we enhanced the wettability by using a forced air blown-arc plasma treatment system. Both the local microstructure, as confirmed by scanning electron microscopy, describing monolayer and multilayer coverage, and the overall macroscopic uniformity of the resultant nanostructured film were optimized by controlling the relative stage to blade speed and nanosphere concentration. As this is a scalable technique, large area films such as the ones described here, have a variety of crucial emerging applications in areas such as energy, catalysis, and chemical sensing.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4994737},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
issn = {0034-6748},
number = 7,
volume = 88,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Tamper indicating gold nanocup plasmonic films
journal, February 2017

  • DeVetter, Brent M.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Bennett, Wendy D.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 110, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4975936

Templated Techniques for the Synthesis and Assembly of Plasmonic Nanostructures
journal, June 2011

  • Jones, Matthew R.; Osberg, Kyle D.; Macfarlane, Robert J.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 111, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr1004452

Antennas for light
journal, February 2011


Imprint Lithography with 25-Nanometer Resolution
journal, April 1996


Bioinspired Artificial Melanosomes As Colorimetric Indicators of Oxygen Exposure
journal, February 2016

  • Shillingford, Cicely; Russell, Calvin W.; Burgess, Ian B.
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b11933

Influence of the alignment of ZnO nanorod arrays on light extraction enhancement of GaN-based light-emitting diodes
journal, April 2011

  • Dai, Kehui; Soh, Chew Beng; Chua, Soo Jin
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 109, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3574441

Study of equivalent circuits for open-ring and split-ring resonators in coplanar waveguide technology
journal, January 2007

  • Roglá, L. J.; Carbonell, J.; Boria, V. E.
  • IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, Vol. 1, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1049/iet-map:20050340

Engineering Plasmonic Gold Nanostructures and Metamaterials for Biosensing and Nanomedicine
journal, July 2012


Solvent mediated assembly of nanoparticles confined in mesoporous alumina
journal, March 2006


Midinfrared metamaterials fabricated by nanoimprint lithography
journal, February 2007

  • Wu, Wei; Yu, Zhaoning; Wang, Shih-Yuan
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 90, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2450651

Preparation, Self-Assembly, and Mechanistic Study of Highly Monodispersed Nanocubes
journal, March 2007

  • Ren, Jintian; Tilley, Richard D.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 129, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja067636w

A dedicated multilayer technique for the fabrication of three-dimensional metallic nanoparticles
journal, September 2012


Generating thickness gradients of thin polymer films via flow coating
journal, February 2006

  • Stafford, Christopher M.; Roskov, Kristen E.; Epps, Thomas H.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 77, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2173072

Plasma surface treatment of plastics to enhance adhesion
journal, April 1991


Nanostructured Plasmonic Sensors
journal, February 2008

  • Stewart, Matthew E.; Anderton, Christopher R.; Thompson, Lucas B.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 108, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr068126n

Plasmonic components fabrication via nanoimprint
journal, September 2009


Optical Metamaterials--More Bulky and Less Lossy
journal, December 2010


Characterizing nanoparticle interactions: Linking models to experiments
journal, July 2000

  • Ramakrishnan, S.; Zukoski, C. F.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.481901

Fundamental understanding and modeling of spin coating process: A review
journal, April 2009


Drying-mediated self-assembly of nanoparticles
journal, November 2003

  • Rabani, Eran; Reichman, David R.; Geissler, Phillip L.
  • Nature, Vol. 426, Issue 6964
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02087

Plasmon Hybridization and Field Confinement in Multilayer Metal–Dielectric Nanocups
journal, July 2013

  • Frederiksen, Maj; Bochenkov, Vladimir E.; Cortie, Michael B.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp402613u

Engineering metallic nanostructures for plasmonics and nanophotonics
journal, February 2012


Overview of Nanoparticle Array Formation by Wet Coating
journal, April 2003

  • Maenosono, Shinya; Okubo, Tatsuya; Yamaguchi, Yukio
  • Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 5, Issue 1/2
  • DOI: 10.1023/a:1024418931756

Light-Bending Nanoparticles
journal, March 2009

  • Mirin, Nikolay A.; Halas, Naomi J.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl900208z

Optical Properties of Ordered Self-Assembled Nanoparticle Arrays at Interfaces
journal, September 2014

  • Paget, Jack; Walpole, Victoria; Blancafort Jorquera, Miquel
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 118, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp5071192

Near-Infrared Optical Extinction of Indium Tin Oxide Structures Prepared by Nanosphere Lithography
journal, September 2016


Nanosphere Lithography:  A Versatile Nanofabrication Tool for Studies of Size-Dependent Nanoparticle Optics
journal, June 2001

  • Haynes, Christy L.; Van Duyne, Richard P.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 105, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp010657m

An Equivalent Circuit Model of Single Circular Open-Ring Resonators
journal, January 2010

  • Elhawil, Amna; Stiens, Johan; De Tandt, Cathleen
  • IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 16, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/jstqe.2009.2028306

Metamaterials and Negative Refractive Index
journal, August 2004

  • Smith, D. R.; Pendry, J. B.; Wiltshire, M. C. K.
  • Science, Vol. 305, Issue 5685, p. 788-792
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1096796

The Electronic Part Supply Chain and Risks of Counterfeit Parts in Defense Applications
journal, September 2006

  • Stradley, J.; Karraker, D.
  • IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technologies, Vol. 29, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/tcapt.2006.882451

Combining the Masking and Scaffolding Modalities of Colloidal Crystal Templates: Plasmonic Nanoparticle Arrays with Multiple Periodicities
journal, November 2014

  • Yang, Shikuan; Slotcavage, Daniel; Mai, John D.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm502860r

High-throughput characterization of pattern formation in symmetric diblock copolymer films
journal, January 2001

  • Smith, Archie P.; Douglas, Jack F.; Meredith, J. Carson
  • Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol. 39, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1002/polb.1188

Fabrication of Nanoscale Rings, Dots, and Rods by Combining Shadow Nanosphere Lithography and Annealed Polystyrene Nanosphere Masks
journal, April 2005


Periodicity-Controlled Two-Dimensional Crystalline Colloidal Arrays
journal, December 2011

  • Zhang, Jian-Tao; Wang, Luling; Chao, Xing
  • Langmuir, Vol. 27, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/la203363e

Optical negative-index metamaterials
journal, January 2007


The effect of glow discharge plasma on the surface properties of Poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) film
journal, May 2008


Nanostructured SERS substrates produced by nanosphere lithography and plastic deformation through direct peel-off on soft matter
journal, March 2016


A precise packing sequence for self-assembled convex structures
journal, January 2007

  • Chen, Ting; Zhang, Zhenli; Glotzer, Sharon C.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 104, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0604239104

Aberration-Free Ultrathin Flat Lenses and Axicons at Telecom Wavelengths Based on Plasmonic Metasurfaces
journal, January 2012

  • Aieta, Francesco; Genevet, Patrice; Kats, Mikhail A.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 9, p. 4932-4936
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl302516v

Equilibrating Nanoparticle Monolayers Using Wetting Films
journal, January 2009


Colloidal Self-Assembly Meets Nanofabrication: From Two-Dimensional Colloidal Crystals to Nanostructure Arrays
journal, August 2010


Fabrication of optical negative-index metamaterials: Recent advances and outlook
journal, May 2008


Negative Refraction and Left-Handed Electromagnetism in Microwave Photonic Crystals
journal, March 2004


Angle- and Spectral-Dependent Light Scattering from Plasmonic Nanocups
journal, July 2011

  • King, Nicholas S.; Li, Yang; Ayala-Orozco, Ciceron
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 5, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn202086u

Combinatorial Materials Science for Polymer Thin-Film Dewetting
journal, December 2000

  • Meredith, J. Carson; Smith, Archie P.; Karim, Alamgir
  • Macromolecules, Vol. 33, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1021/ma001298g

Advances in top–down and bottom–up surface nanofabrication: Techniques, applications & future prospects
journal, January 2012

  • Biswas, Abhijit; Bayer, Ilker S.; Biris, Alexandru S.
  • Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 170, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cis.2011.11.001

Plasmonic metamaterials for ultrasensitive refractive index sensing at near infrared
journal, January 2011

  • Gu, Yang; Li, Qiuze; Xiao, Jie
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 109, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3533953

Single and multilayer metamaterials fabricated by nanoimprint lithography
journal, July 2011


Directed Self-Assembly of Nanoparticles
journal, June 2010

  • Grzelczak, Marek; Vermant, Jan; Furst, Eric M.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 4, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn100869j

Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena
journal, January 1999

  • Pendry, J. B.; Holden, A. J.; Robbins, D. J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 47, Issue 11, p. 2075-2084
  • DOI: 10.1109/22.798002

Sub-Diffraction-Limited Optical Imaging with a Silver Superlens
journal, April 2005


Anisotropic charge transport and contact resistance of 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl) pentacene field-effect transistors fabricated by a modified flow-coating method
journal, March 2012

  • Sakamoto, Kenji; Ueno, Junichi; Bulgarevich, Kirill
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3695169

Optical Negative Refraction in Bulk Metamaterials of Nanowires
journal, August 2008


Optical cloaking with metamaterials
journal, April 2007

  • Cai, Wenshan; Chettiar, Uday K.; Kildishev, Alexander V.
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 1, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2007.28

Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies
journal, December 2007

  • Liu, Na; Guo, Hongcang; Fu, Liwei
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2072

Influence of film casting method on block copolymer ordering in thin films
journal, January 2012

  • Zhang, Xiaohua; Douglas, Jack F.; Jones, Ronald L.
  • Soft Matter, Vol. 8, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2sm07308k

Optical response of oriented and highly anisotropic subwavelength metallic nanostructure arrays
journal, May 2013

  • Alvine, K. J.; Bernacki, B. E.; Bennett, W. D.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 102, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4807031

Experimental Demonstration of Near-Infrared Negative-Index Metamaterials
journal, September 2005


Plasmon-Enhanced Fluorescence Biosensors: a Review
journal, December 2013


Micro-/Nanostructured Mechanical Metamaterials
journal, August 2012

  • Lee, Jae-Hwang; Singer, Jonathan P.; Thomas, Edwin L.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201201644

Inverse Opal Nanocrystal Superlattice Films
journal, September 2004

  • Saunders, Aaron E.; Shah, Parag S.; Sigman, Michael B.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 4, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl048846e

Plasmons in Strongly Coupled Metallic Nanostructures
journal, June 2011

  • Halas, Naomi J.; Lal, Surbhi; Chang, Wei-Shun
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 111, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr200061k

Metamaterial Electromagnetic Cloak at Microwave Frequencies
journal, November 2006


Multiresonant layered plasmonic films
journal, January 2017

  • DeVetter, Brent M.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Bennett, Wendy D.
  • Journal of Nanophotonics, Vol. 11, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1117/1.JNP.11.016015

Technology review and assessment of nanoimprint lithography for semiconductor and patterned media manufacturing
journal, July 2011

  • Malloy, Matt
  • Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS, Vol. 10, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1117/1.3642641

Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index
journal, August 2008

  • Valentine, Jason; Zhang, Shuang; Zentgraf, Thomas
  • Nature, Vol. 455, Issue 7211
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature07247

Fabrication of a large area monolayer of silica particles on a sapphire substrate by a spin coating method
journal, April 2007

  • Ogi, Takashi; Modesto-Lopez, Luis Balam; Iskandar, Ferry
  • Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 297, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2006.10.027

Nanoparticle Stripes, Grids, and Ribbons Produced by Flow Coating
journal, September 2010

  • Kim, Hyun Suk; Lee, Cheol Hee; Sudeep, P. K.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 41
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201001892