skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Structure and Entanglement Factors on Dynamics of Polymer-Grafted Nanoparticles

Abstract

Nanoparticles functionalized with long polymer chains at low graft density are interesting systems to study structure–dynamic relationships in polymer nanocomposites since they are shown to aggregate into strings in both solution and melts and also into spheres and branched aggregates in the presence of free polymer chains. Our work investigates structure and entanglement effects in composites of polystyrene-grafted iron oxide nanoparticles by measuring particle relaxations using X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy. And for particles within highly ordered strings and aggregated systems, they experience a dynamically heterogeneous environment displaying hyperdiffusive relaxation commonly observed in jammed soft glassy systems. Furthermore, particle dynamics is diffusive for branched aggregated structures which could be caused by less penetration of long matrix chains into brushes. These results suggest that particle motion is dictated by the strong interactions of chains grafted at low density with the host matrix polymer.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Stevens Inst. of Technology, Hoboken, NJ (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1339949
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Macro Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2161-1653
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Liu, Siqi, Senses, Erkan, Jiao, Yang, Narayanan, Suresh, and Akcora, Pinar. Structure and Entanglement Factors on Dynamics of Polymer-Grafted Nanoparticles. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1021/acsmacrolett.6b00089.
Liu, Siqi, Senses, Erkan, Jiao, Yang, Narayanan, Suresh, & Akcora, Pinar. Structure and Entanglement Factors on Dynamics of Polymer-Grafted Nanoparticles. United States. doi:10.1021/acsmacrolett.6b00089.
Liu, Siqi, Senses, Erkan, Jiao, Yang, Narayanan, Suresh, and Akcora, Pinar. Fri . "Structure and Entanglement Factors on Dynamics of Polymer-Grafted Nanoparticles". United States. doi:10.1021/acsmacrolett.6b00089. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1339949.
@article{osti_1339949,
title = {Structure and Entanglement Factors on Dynamics of Polymer-Grafted Nanoparticles},
author = {Liu, Siqi and Senses, Erkan and Jiao, Yang and Narayanan, Suresh and Akcora, Pinar},
abstractNote = {Nanoparticles functionalized with long polymer chains at low graft density are interesting systems to study structure–dynamic relationships in polymer nanocomposites since they are shown to aggregate into strings in both solution and melts and also into spheres and branched aggregates in the presence of free polymer chains. Our work investigates structure and entanglement effects in composites of polystyrene-grafted iron oxide nanoparticles by measuring particle relaxations using X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy. And for particles within highly ordered strings and aggregated systems, they experience a dynamically heterogeneous environment displaying hyperdiffusive relaxation commonly observed in jammed soft glassy systems. Furthermore, particle dynamics is diffusive for branched aggregated structures which could be caused by less penetration of long matrix chains into brushes. These results suggest that particle motion is dictated by the strong interactions of chains grafted at low density with the host matrix polymer.},
doi = {10.1021/acsmacrolett.6b00089},
journal = {ACS Macro Letters},
issn = {2161-1653},
number = 5,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 9 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share: