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Title: Nuclear-Renewable Hybrid Energy Systems: 2016 Technology Development Program Plan

Abstract

The United States is in the midst of an energy revolution, spurred by advancement of technology to produce unprecedented supplies of oil and natural gas. Simultaneously, there is an increasing concern for climate change attributed to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that, in large part, result from burning fossil fuels. An international consensus has concluded that the U.S. and other developed nations have an imperative to reduce GHG emissions to address these climate change concerns. The global desire to reduce GHG emissions has led to the development and deployment of clean energy resources and technologies, particularly renewable energy technologies, at a rapid rate. At the same time, each of the major energy sectors—the electric grid, industrial manufacturing, transportation, and the residential/commercial consumers— is increasingly becoming linked through information and communications technologies, advanced modeling and simulation, and controls. Coordination of clean energy generation technologies through integrated hybrid energy systems, as defined below, has the potential to further revolutionize energy services at the system level by coordinating the exchange of energy currency among the energy sectors in a manner that optimizes financial efficiency (including capital investments), maximizes thermodynamic efficiency (through best use of exergy, which is the potential to use the available energymore » in producing energy services), reduces environmental impacts when clean energy inputs are maximized, and provides resources for grid management. Rapid buildout of renewable technologies has been largely driven by local, state, and federal policies, such as renewable portfolio standards and production tax credits that incentivize investment in these generation sources. A foundational assumption within this program plan is that renewable technologies will continue to be major contributors to the future U.S. energy infrastructure. While increased use of clean renewable technologies will aid in achieving reduced GHG emissions, it also presents new challenges to grid management that must be addressed. These challenges primarily derive from the fundamental characteristics of variable renewable generators, such as wind and solar: non-dispatchability, variable production, and reduced electromechanical inertia. This document presents a preliminary research and development (R&D) plan for detailed dynamic simulation and analysis of nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems (N-R HES), coupled with integrated energy system design, component development, and integrated systems testing. N-R HES are cooperatively-controlled systems that dynamically apportion thermal and/or electrical energy to provide responsive generation to the power grid.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1333006
Report Number(s):
INL/EXT-16-38165
TRN: US1700744
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; HYBRID SYSTEMS; NUCLEAR ENERGY; ENERGY POLICY; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; SIMULATION; WIND POWER; SOLAR ENERGY; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; PLANNING; COOPERATIVES; POWER SYSTEMS; MANAGEMENT; COMMERCIALIZATION; high voltage direct current; First-of-a-Kind; design certification; Conduct of Research; Computation Fluid Dynamics; High Temperature Steam Electrolysis; real time digital simulator

Citation Formats

Bragg-Sitton, Shannon M., Boardman, Richard, Rabiti, Cristian, Suk Kim, Jong, McKellar, Michael, Sabharwall, Piyush, Chen, Jun, Cetiner, M. Sacit, Harrison, T. Jay, and Qualls, A. Lou. Nuclear-Renewable Hybrid Energy Systems: 2016 Technology Development Program Plan. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.2172/1333006.
Bragg-Sitton, Shannon M., Boardman, Richard, Rabiti, Cristian, Suk Kim, Jong, McKellar, Michael, Sabharwall, Piyush, Chen, Jun, Cetiner, M. Sacit, Harrison, T. Jay, & Qualls, A. Lou. Nuclear-Renewable Hybrid Energy Systems: 2016 Technology Development Program Plan. United States. doi:10.2172/1333006.
Bragg-Sitton, Shannon M., Boardman, Richard, Rabiti, Cristian, Suk Kim, Jong, McKellar, Michael, Sabharwall, Piyush, Chen, Jun, Cetiner, M. Sacit, Harrison, T. Jay, and Qualls, A. Lou. Tue . "Nuclear-Renewable Hybrid Energy Systems: 2016 Technology Development Program Plan". United States. doi:10.2172/1333006. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1333006.
@article{osti_1333006,
title = {Nuclear-Renewable Hybrid Energy Systems: 2016 Technology Development Program Plan},
author = {Bragg-Sitton, Shannon M. and Boardman, Richard and Rabiti, Cristian and Suk Kim, Jong and McKellar, Michael and Sabharwall, Piyush and Chen, Jun and Cetiner, M. Sacit and Harrison, T. Jay and Qualls, A. Lou},
abstractNote = {The United States is in the midst of an energy revolution, spurred by advancement of technology to produce unprecedented supplies of oil and natural gas. Simultaneously, there is an increasing concern for climate change attributed to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that, in large part, result from burning fossil fuels. An international consensus has concluded that the U.S. and other developed nations have an imperative to reduce GHG emissions to address these climate change concerns. The global desire to reduce GHG emissions has led to the development and deployment of clean energy resources and technologies, particularly renewable energy technologies, at a rapid rate. At the same time, each of the major energy sectors—the electric grid, industrial manufacturing, transportation, and the residential/commercial consumers— is increasingly becoming linked through information and communications technologies, advanced modeling and simulation, and controls. Coordination of clean energy generation technologies through integrated hybrid energy systems, as defined below, has the potential to further revolutionize energy services at the system level by coordinating the exchange of energy currency among the energy sectors in a manner that optimizes financial efficiency (including capital investments), maximizes thermodynamic efficiency (through best use of exergy, which is the potential to use the available energy in producing energy services), reduces environmental impacts when clean energy inputs are maximized, and provides resources for grid management. Rapid buildout of renewable technologies has been largely driven by local, state, and federal policies, such as renewable portfolio standards and production tax credits that incentivize investment in these generation sources. A foundational assumption within this program plan is that renewable technologies will continue to be major contributors to the future U.S. energy infrastructure. While increased use of clean renewable technologies will aid in achieving reduced GHG emissions, it also presents new challenges to grid management that must be addressed. These challenges primarily derive from the fundamental characteristics of variable renewable generators, such as wind and solar: non-dispatchability, variable production, and reduced electromechanical inertia. This document presents a preliminary research and development (R&D) plan for detailed dynamic simulation and analysis of nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems (N-R HES), coupled with integrated energy system design, component development, and integrated systems testing. N-R HES are cooperatively-controlled systems that dynamically apportion thermal and/or electrical energy to provide responsive generation to the power grid.},
doi = {10.2172/1333006},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}