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Title: A novel small-molecule compound of lithium iodine and 3-hydroxypropionitride as a solid-state electrolyte for lithium–air batteries

Abstract

A novel small-molecule compound of lithium iodine and 3-hydroxypropionitrile (HPN) has been successfully synthesized. Our combined experimental and theoretical studies indicated that LiIHPN is a Li-ion conductor, which is utterly different from the I–-anion conductor of LiI(HPN) 2 reported previously. Solid-state lithium–air batteries based on LiIHPN as the electrolyte exhibit a reversible discharge capacity of more than 2100 mAh g –1 with a cyclic performance over 10 cycles. Lastly, our findings provide a new way to design solid-state electrolytes toward high-performance lithium–air batteries.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Fudan Univ., Shanghai (People's Republic of China)
  2. Shanghai Univ., Shanghai (People's Republic of China)
  3. Fudan Univ., Shanghai (China)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1326753
Report Number(s):
BNL-112647-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0020-1669; R&D Project: MA453MAEA; VT1201000
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC00112704
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Inorganic Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 0020-1669
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; solid-state electrolyte; small molecule; lithium-air battery

Citation Formats

Liu, Fang -Chao, Shadike, Zulipiya, Wang, Xiao -Fang, Shi, Si -Qi, Zhou, Yong -Ning, Chen, Guo -Ying, Yang, Xiao -Qing, Weng, Lin -Hong, Zhao, Jing -Tai, and Fu, Zheng -Wen. A novel small-molecule compound of lithium iodine and 3-hydroxypropionitride as a solid-state electrolyte for lithium–air batteries. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b00564.
Liu, Fang -Chao, Shadike, Zulipiya, Wang, Xiao -Fang, Shi, Si -Qi, Zhou, Yong -Ning, Chen, Guo -Ying, Yang, Xiao -Qing, Weng, Lin -Hong, Zhao, Jing -Tai, & Fu, Zheng -Wen. A novel small-molecule compound of lithium iodine and 3-hydroxypropionitride as a solid-state electrolyte for lithium–air batteries. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b00564.
Liu, Fang -Chao, Shadike, Zulipiya, Wang, Xiao -Fang, Shi, Si -Qi, Zhou, Yong -Ning, Chen, Guo -Ying, Yang, Xiao -Qing, Weng, Lin -Hong, Zhao, Jing -Tai, and Fu, Zheng -Wen. Thu . "A novel small-molecule compound of lithium iodine and 3-hydroxypropionitride as a solid-state electrolyte for lithium–air batteries". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b00564. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1326753.
@article{osti_1326753,
title = {A novel small-molecule compound of lithium iodine and 3-hydroxypropionitride as a solid-state electrolyte for lithium–air batteries},
author = {Liu, Fang -Chao and Shadike, Zulipiya and Wang, Xiao -Fang and Shi, Si -Qi and Zhou, Yong -Ning and Chen, Guo -Ying and Yang, Xiao -Qing and Weng, Lin -Hong and Zhao, Jing -Tai and Fu, Zheng -Wen},
abstractNote = {A novel small-molecule compound of lithium iodine and 3-hydroxypropionitrile (HPN) has been successfully synthesized. Our combined experimental and theoretical studies indicated that LiIHPN is a Li-ion conductor, which is utterly different from the I–-anion conductor of LiI(HPN)2 reported previously. Solid-state lithium–air batteries based on LiIHPN as the electrolyte exhibit a reversible discharge capacity of more than 2100 mAh g–1 with a cyclic performance over 10 cycles. Lastly, our findings provide a new way to design solid-state electrolytes toward high-performance lithium–air batteries.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b00564},
journal = {Inorganic Chemistry},
number = 13,
volume = 55,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jun 16 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Thu Jun 16 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

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